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flask-httpauth - Flask-HTTPAuth Documentation

Flask-HTTPAuth is a simple extension that provides Basic and Digest HTTP authentication
for Flask routes.

BASIC AUTHENTICATION EXAMPLE


The following example application uses HTTP Basic authentication to protect route '/':

from flask import Flask
from flask.ext.httpauth import HTTPBasicAuth

app = Flask(__name__)
auth = HTTPBasicAuth()

users = {
"john": "hello",
"susan": "bye"
}

@auth.get_password
def get_pw(username):
if username in users:
return users.get(username)
return None

@app.route('/')
@auth.login_required
def index():
return "Hello, %s!" % auth.username()

if __name__ == '__main__':
app.run()

The get_password callback needs to return the password associated with the username given
as argument. Flask-HTTPAuth will allow access only if get_password(username) == password.

If the passwords are stored hashed in the user database then an additional callback is
needed:

@auth.hash_password
def hash_pw(password):
return md5(password).hexdigest()

When the hash_password callback is provided access will be granted when
get_password(username) == hash_password(password).

If the hashing algorithm requires the username to be known then the callback can take two
arguments instead of one:

@auth.hash_password
def hash_pw(username, password):
get_salt(username)
return hash(password, salt)

For the most degree of flexibility the get_password and hash_password callbacks can be
replaced with verify_password:

@auth.verify_password
def verify_pw(username, password):
return call_custom_verify_function(username, password)

DIGEST AUTHENTICATION EXAMPLE


The following example is similar to the previous one, but HTTP Digest authentication is
used:

from flask import Flask
from flask.ext.httpauth import HTTPDigestAuth

app = Flask(__name__)
app.config['SECRET_KEY'] = 'secret key here'
auth = HTTPDigestAuth()

users = {
"john": "hello",
"susan": "bye"
}

@auth.get_password
def get_pw(username):
if username in users:
return users.get(username)
return None

@app.route('/')
@auth.login_required
def index():
return "Hello, %s!" % auth.username()

if __name__ == '__main__':
app.run()

Note that because digest authentication stores data in Flask's session object the
configuration must have a SECRET_KEY set.

API DOCUMENTATION


class flask_httpauth.HTTPBasicAuth
This class that handles HTTP Basic authentication for Flask routes.

get_password(password_callback)
This callback function will be called by the framework to obtain the
password for a given user. Example:

@auth.get_password
def get_password(username):
return db.get_user_password(username)

hash_password(hash_password_callback)
If defined, this callback function will be called by the framework to apply
a custom hashing algorithm to the password provided by the client. If this
callback isn't provided the password will be checked unchanged. The callback
can take one or two arguments. The one argument version receives the
password to hash, while the two argument version receives the username and
the password in that order. Example single argument callback:

@auth.hash_password
def hash_password(password):
return md5(password).hexdigest()

Example two argument callback:

@auth.hash_password
def hash_pw(username, password):
get_salt(username)
return hash(password, salt)

verify_password(verify_password_callback)
If defined, this callback function will be called by the framework to verify
that the username and password combination provided by the client are valid.
The callback function takes two arguments, the username and the password and
must return True or False. Example usage:

@auth.verify_password
def verify_password(username, password):
user = User.query.filter_by(username).first()
if not user:
return False
return passlib.hash.sha256_crypt.verify(password, user.password_hash)

Note that when a verify_password callback is provided the get_password and
hash_password callbacks are not used.

error_handler(error_callback)
If defined, this callback function will be called by the framework when it
is necessary to send an authentication error back to the client. The return
value from this function can be the body of the response as a string or it
can also be a response object created with make_response. If this callback
isn't provided a default error response is generated. Example:

@auth.error_handler
def auth_error():
return "<h1>Access Denied</h1>"

login_required(view_function_callback)
This callback function will be called when authentication is succesful. This
will typically be a Flask view function. Example:

@app.route('/private')
@auth.login_required
def private_page():
return "Only for authorized people!"

username()
A view function that is protected with this class can access the logged
username through this method. Example:

@app.route('/')
@auth.login_required
def index():
return "Hello, %s!" % auth.username()

class flask.ext.httpauth.HTTPDigestAuth
This class that handles HTTP Digest authentication for Flask routes. The SECRET_KEY
configuration must be set in the Flask application to enable the session to work.
Flask by default stores user sessions in the client as secure cookies, so the
client must be able to handle cookies. To support clients that are not web browsers
or that cannot handle cookies a session interface that writes sessions in the
server must be used.

get_password(password_callback)
See basic authentication for documentation and examples.

error_handler(error_callback)
See basic authentication for documentation and examples.

login_required(view_function_callback)
See basic authentication for documentation and examples.

username()
See basic authentication for documentation and examples.

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