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flvmeta - manipulate or extract metadata in Adobe Flash Video files


flvmeta INPUT_FILE
flvmeta -D|--dump [options] INPUT_FILE
flvmeta -F|--full-dump [options] INPUT_FILE
flvmeta -C|--check [options] INPUT_FILE
flvmeta -U|--update [options] INPUT_FILE [OUTPUT_FILE]


flvmeta is a command-line utility aimed at manipulating Adobe(tm) Flash Video files (FLV),
through several commands, only one of which can be used for each invocation of the

It possesses the ability to compute and inject a variety of values in the onMetaData event
tag, including keyframe indices used by most video players to allow random-access seeking,
notably for HTTP pseudo-streamed files via a server-side module, by having the client send
the file offset looked up for the nearest desired keyframe.
Tools such as flvmeta must be used in the case the initial encoding process is unable to
inject those metadata.

It can also optionnally inject the onLastSecond event, used to signal the end of playback,
for example to revert the player software to a 'stopped' state.

flvmeta also has the ability to dump metadata and full file information to standard
output, in a variety of textual output formats, including XML, YAML, and JSON.

Finally, the program can analyze FLV files to detect potential problems and errors, and
generate a textual report as a raw format, as JSON, or as XML. It has the ability to
detect more than a hundred problems, going from harmless to potentially unplayable, using
a few real world encountered issues.

flvmeta can operate on arbitrarily large files, and can handle FLV files using extended
(32-bit) timestamps. It can guess video frame dimensions for all known video codecs
supported by the official FLV specification.

Its memory usage remains minimal, as it uses a two-pass reading algorithm which permits
the computation of all necessary tags without loading anything more than the file's tags
headers in memory.


Only one command can be specified for an invocation of flvmeta. The chosen command
determines the mode of execution of the program.

By default, if no command is specified, flvmeta will implicitely choose the command to use
according to the presence of INPUT_FILE and OUTPUT_FILE.

If only INPUT_FILE is present, the --dump command will be executed.

If both INPUT_FILE and OUTPUT_FILE are present, the --update command will be executed.

Here is a list of the supported commands:

-D, --dump
Dump a textual representation of the first onMetaData tag found in INPUT_FILE to standard
output. The default format is XML, unless specified otherwise.
It is also possible to specify another event via the --event option, such as onLastSecond.

-F, --full-dump
Dump a textual representation of the whole contents of INPUT_FILE to standard output. The
default format is XML, unless specified otherwise.

-C, --check
Print a report to standard output listing warnings and errors detected in INPUT_FILE, as
well as potential incompatibilities, and information about the codecs used in the file.
The exit code will be set to a non-zero value if there is at least one error in the file.

The output format can either be plain text, XML using the --xml option, or JSON using the
--json option. It can also be disabled altogether using the --quiet option if you are
only interested in the exit status.

Messages are divided into four specific levels of increasing importance:

· info: informational messages that do not pertain to the file validity
· warning: messages that inform of oddities to the flv format but that might not hamper
file reading or playability, this is the default level
· error: messages that inform of errors that might render the file impossible to play or
stream correctly
· fatal: messages that inform of errors that make further file reading impossible
therefore ending parsing completely

The --level option allows flvmeta to limit the display of messages to a minimum level
among those, for example if the user is only interested in error messages and above.

Each message or message template presented to the user is identified by a specific code of
the following format:


· level is an upper-case letter that can be either I, W, E, F according to the
aforementioned message levels
· topic is a two-digit integer representing the general topic of the message
· id is a unique three-digit identifier for the message, or message template if

Messages can be related to the following topics :

· 10 general flv file format
· 11 file header
· 12 previous tag size
· 20 tag format
· 30 tag types
· 40 timestamps
· 50 audio data
· 51 audio codecs
· 60 video data
· 61 video codecs
· 70 metadata
· 80 AMF data
· 81 keyframes
· 82 cue points

For example, represents a Warning in topic 51 with the id 050, which represents a warning
message related to audio codecs, in that case to signal that an audio tag has an unknown

-U, --update
Update the given input file by inserting a computed onMetaData tag. If OUTPUT_FILE is
specified, it will be created or overwritten instead and the input file will not be
modified. If the original file is to be updated, a temporary file will be created in the
default temp directory of the platform, and it will be copied over the original file at
the end of the operation. This is due to the fact that the output file is written while
the original file is being read due to the two-pass method.

The computed metadata contains among other data full keyframe information, in order to
allow HTTP pseudo-streaming and random-access seeking in the file.

By default, an onLastSecond tag will be inserted, unless the --no-last-second option is

Normally overwritten by the update process, the existing metadata found in the input file
can be preserved by the --preserve option.

It is also possible to insert custom string values with the --add option, which can be
specified multiple times.

By default, the update operation is performed without output, unless the --verbose option
is specified, or the --print-metadata is used to print the newly written metadata to the
standard output.


-d FORMAT, --dump-format=FORMAT
specify dump format where FORMAT is 'xml' (default), 'json', 'raw', or 'yaml'.
Also applicable for the --full-dump command.

-j, --json
equivalent to --dump-format=json

-r, --raw
equivalent to --dump-format=raw

-x, --xml
equivalent to --dump-format=xml

-y, --yaml
equivalent to --dump-format=yaml

-e EVENT, --event=EVENT
specify the event to dump instead of onMetaData, for example onLastSecond

-l LEVEL, --level=LEVEL
print only messages where level is at least LEVEL. The levels are, by ascending
importance, 'info', 'warning' (default), 'error', or 'fatal'.

-q, --quiet
do not print messages, only return the status code

-x, --xml
generate an XML report instead of the default 'compiler-friendly' text

-j, --json
generate a JSON report instead of the default 'compiler-friendly' text

-m, --print-metadata
print metadata to stdout after update using the format specified by the --format

add a metadata string value to the output file. The name/value pair will be
appended at the end of the onMetaData tag.

-s, --no-lastsecond
do not create the onLastSecond tag

-p, --preserve
preserve input file existing onMetadata tags

-f, --fix
fix invalid tags from the input file

-i, --ignore
ignore invalid tags from the input file (the default behaviour is to stop the
update process with an error)

-t, --reset-timestamps
reset timestamps so OUTPUT_FILE starts at zero. This has been added because some
FLV files are produced by cutting bigger files, and the software doing the cutting
does not resets the timestamps as required by the standard, which can cause
playback issues.

-k, --all-keyframes
index all keyframe tags, including duplicate timestamps

-v, --verbose
display informative messages

-V, --version
print version information and exit

-h, --help
display help on the program usage and exit


The various XML formats used by flvmeta are precisely described by the following XSD

· http://schemas.flvmeta.org/flv.xsd: describes the general organization of FLV files

· http://schemas.flvmeta.org/Amf0.xsd: describes an XML representation of the Adobe(TM)
AMF0 serialization format

· http://schemas.flvmeta.org/report.xsd: describes the XML output format of the --check
--xml command


flvmeta example.flv

Prints the onMetadata tag contents of example.flv as XML output.

flvmeta example.flv out.flv

Creates a file named out.flv containing updated metadata and an onLastSecond tag from the
exemple.flv file.

flvmeta --check --xml --level=error example.flv

Checks the validity of the example.flv file and prints the error report to stdout in XML
format, displaying only errors and fatal errors.

flvmeta --full-dump --yaml example.flv

Prints the full contents of example.flv as YAML format to stdout.

flvmeta --update --no-last-second --show-metadata --json example.flv

Performs an in-place update of example.flv by inserting computed onMetadata without an
onLastSecond tag, and prints the newly inserted metadata on stdout as JSON.


· 0 flvmeta exited without error
· 1 an error occured when trying to open an input file
· 2 the input file was not recognized as an FLV file
· 3 an end-of-file condition was encountered unexpectedly
· 4 a memory allocation error occured during the run of the program
· 5 an empty tag was encountered in an input file
· 6 an error occured when trying to open an output file
· 7 an invalid tag was encountered in an input file
· 8 an error was encountered while writing an output file
· 9 the --check command reported an invalid file (one or more errors)

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