EnglishFrenchSpanish

Ad


OnWorks favicon

xvkbd - Online in the Cloud

Run xvkbd in OnWorks free hosting provider over Ubuntu Online, Fedora Online, Windows online emulator or MAC OS online emulator

This is the command xvkbd that can be run in the OnWorks free hosting provider using one of our multiple free online workstations such as Ubuntu Online, Fedora Online, Windows online emulator or MAC OS online emulator

PROGRAM:

NAME


xvkbd - virtual keyboard for X window system

DESCRIPTION


xvkbd is a virtual (graphical) keyboard program for X Window System which provides
facility to enter characters onto other clients (softwares) by clicking on a keyboard
displayed on the screen. This may be used for systems without a hardware keyboard such as
kiosk terminals or handheld devices. This program also has facility to send characters
specified as the command line option to another client.

The standard keyboard layout is based on the traditional US layout, but some other
keyboard layout (see "Screen Shot") are also supported. The default window size may be
too large for systems with small screen, but it can be configured to use smaller space
(220x90 pixels, for example). For details, see also "Screen Shot" and "How to Customize
xvkbd" below, and resouce files in the distribution.

xvkbd version 2.1 and later support word completion, which may make it easier to enter
long words with xvkbd.

IMPORTANT NOTE: When invoking xvkbd from display managers such as XDM, GDM, etc., always
use xvkbd with -secure option or you will have serious security risk.

Environment


xvkbd will work on X11R5 or X11R6. It is tested on redhat Linux and Solaris, and it will
work also on most UNIX-like systems.

This program uses Xaw (use of Xaw3d is recommended) and no special library is required.

Operation


Input Keys
When xvkbd is started, the image of a keyboard will be displayed on the screen. Clicking
any key on the xvkbd window will send the character to the focused window as if the key
had been actually typed with the hardware keyboard.

If you want to input upper-case alphabets or other characters on the upper position on the
keyboard, you should click the key after selecting Shift by clicking it, or click the key
with mouse button 3 (maybe right button) or mouse button 4. In the similar manner, if you
want to input Controled characters, you should click the key after clicking Control, or
click the key with mouse button 2 (maybe middle button). Alt and Meta can be used in the
similar manner with Control, but there are no shortcuts with mouse buttons.

``Quick Modifiers''
xvkbd 2.5 and later support another way to input characters with modifiers such as Shift,
Control, AltGr, etc., which may be useful especially for machines with touch panels such
as PDAs - we would call it "Quick Modifiers".

Quick Modifiers can be enabled/disabled by the ``Enable "Quick Modifiers?'' entry on the
property panel. If Quick Modifiers is enabled, it will be activated by pressing a key on
the xvkbd window, move the pointer outside of the key, and then release the mouse button
or equivalent.

The direction of the pointer motion will select the modifier:

up - Shift
right - AltGr
right-up - Shift AltGr
left - Control
left-up - Shift Control
down - Meta
left-down - Alt

Setting Input Focus
If you are using a window manager and clients where you can set input focus by clicking
mouse button on the window (and you don't have to keep pointer in the window after that),
you can simply set input focus in the normal way and then click keys on the xvkbd window -
the character will be sent to the selected position.

If you are using a window manager or clients where you must keep the pointer in the input
field to input from the keyboard, or if the input focus is switched to the xvkbd window
when you clicked on the key on the xvkbd window, you must make xvkbd to set input focus
explicitly by clicking the Focus button on the xvkbd window and then click on the input
field. This input focus can be cleared by clicking Focus button with mouse button 3, or
simply clicking Focus button twice.

Word Completion
Choosing ``Word Completion...'' in the main menu will popup the Word Completion panel.

When you entered characters by clicked keys on the xvkbd window as usual while the Word
Completion panel open, words started with the characters will be listed in the panel, and
you can enter the remaining characters of the selected word by clicking one of the words
in the list.

The dictionary (list of words) file is /usr/share/dict/words by default, but it can be
changed by -dict option or xvkbd.dictFile resouce, or on the Property panel.

Main Menu
Pressing the ``xvkbd'' logo on the main keyboard (placed near left-bottom corner in the
default configuration) will popup the main menu.

The menu contains following items:

About...
Show short description of this program.

Manual...
Launch manual page reader.

Keypad...
Open the Keypad panel.

Sun Function Keys...
Open the Sun Function Keys panel.

Dead Keys...
Open the Dead Keys panel which can be used to enter Latin characters with accent
symbol in double stroke.

Word Completion...
Open the Word Completion panel.

Change Keyboard Layout...
Open a popup window to change the keyboard layout. In the default configuration,
Default (US), Belgian, Danish, French, German, Icelandic, Italian, Japanese (JIS-
X-6002), Japanese (JIS-X-6004), Korean, Norwegian, Portuguese, Russian, Spanish,
Swedish, Swiss/German, United Kingdom and Latin-1 are available.

Edit Function Keys...
Open a popup window to edit string assigned to function keys. See also "Assigning
Text to Function Keys".

Show Keypad?
Toggle show/hide of the keypad on the main window.

Show Function Keys?
Toggle show/hide of the function keys on the main window.

Property...
Popup the Property panel.

Connect to Remote Display...
Open a panel to specify the name of a remote display (in the meaning of the X Window
System) to connect, so that following key events will be sent to windows on the remote
display.

Revert to Local Display
Disconnect from the remote display so that following key events will be sent to
windows on the local display.

Property Panel
Enable "Quick Modifiers"?
Toggle enable/disable of the Quick Modifiers feature.

Lock Shift?
Toggle locking/momentary of Shift keys.

Lock AltGr?
Toggle locking/momentary of AltGr key.

Lock Control, Alt and Meta?
Toggle locking/momentary of Control, Alt and Meta keys.

Always on Top?
If this entry is set ON, xvkbd attempts to keep the xvkbd window always on the top of
the display (i.e. not to be hidden by other windows). This feature is experimental,
and care should be taken as this feature can cause problem in some situations.

Behave as Toolbar Window?
xvkbd attempts to be a toolbar window when it is used with some kind of window
managers such as Matchbox window manager.

Use XTEST Extension?
XTEST extension will be used if this entry is checked. If this entry is set inactive,
the X server does not support XTEST extension.

Jump Pointer?
If this entry is set ON, xvkbd will temporary jump the pointer to the focused window,
if XTEST extension is to be used to simulate keyboard events.

Key-Click Sound
Set on/off and duration of key-click sound.

Automatic Click
Set on/off of the automatic click feature and the delay before automatic click is
activated. If this feature is set, xvkbd will work as if left mouse button is clicked
when mouse pointer is moved on a button and stays long enough. You may want to set
Jump Pointer? to OFF to avoid auto-repeating.

Completion Dictionary
Set the filename to be used for word completion. This setting take precedence over
the `xvkbd.dictFile' resource and the -dict option.

Options
xvkbd accept following command line options, in addition to general options such as
`-display'.

-version
Display version information and exit.

-xsendevent
Make xvkbd to use XSendEvent() to simulate keyboard events, as it was in xvkbd version
1.0. xvkbd version 1.1 and later will try to use XTEST extension instead in the
default configuration.
If XTEST extension is not supported by the X server, xvkbd will automatically switch
to this mode.
Resource `xvkbd.xtest: false' has the same function.

-no-sync
Normally, xvkbd attempts to synchronize with the destinating client step by step.
This can cause problem when the client (or the X server) responded too slow. In such
situation, maybe this -no-sync can solve the problem.
Resource `xvkbd.noSync: true' has the same function.

-no-jump-pointer
Make xvkbd not to jump the pointer when sending events. In the default, xvkbd will
temporary jump the pointer to the focused window, if input focus is set explicitly via
Focus button, and XTEST extension is to be used to simulate keyboard events.
Resource `xvkbd.jumpPointer: false' has the same function.

-no-back-pointer
Make xvkbd not to jump the pointer back to the original position after events has been
sent. Maybe this can be useful when using xvkbd to move the pointer position.
Resource `xvkbd.jumpPointerBack: false' has the same function.

-modal
Make labels on keys in the xvkbd window to be set independently for each of four shift
states, not shifted, Shift, AltGr and Shift-AltGr. This is useful when you want to
make the xvkbd window very small.
See also "Customizing Keyboard Layout" and resouce files in the distribution.
Resource `xvkbd.modalKeytop: true' has the same function.

-geometry [widthxheight][+xoff+yoff]
Set window geometry (size and position).
You can use form like -geometry 400x130 to specify the window size, -geometry +100+100
to specify the window position from left/top edge of the screen, and -geometry
400x130+100+100 to specify both the size and the position. You can specify position
from right/bottom edge of the screen by using - instead of +, but please note that you
must take account of size of the window border. (If you specify `-geometry -0-0', the
window will not fit in the screen.)
This can be set by xvkbd.windowGeometry resource (note that it is not xvkbd.geometry),
too.

-no-repeat
Do not auto-repeat even if key is depressed long time.
If auto-repeat is enabled (this is the default), time before start auto-repeat can be
set as `xvkbd*Repeater.initialDelay: 600', and period of repeat can be set as
`xvkbd*Repeater.minimumDelay: 100' (unit of there parameters are milli-seconds).
Resource `xvkbd.autoRepeat: false' has the same function.

-no-functionkey
Do not display function keys.
Resource `xvkbd.functionkey: false' has the same function.

-no-keypad
Do not display keypad.
Resource `xvkbd.keypad: false' has the same function.

-compact
Do not display function keys nor keypad.
Resource `xvkbd.compact: true' has the same function.

-keypad
Display only keypad. This option will be ignored if `-no-keypad' or `-compact' is
specified.
Resource `xvkbd.keypadOnly: true' has the same function.

-text string
Send the string to the focused window (see also `-window' option).
If this option is specified, xvkbd will not open its window and terminate soon after
sending the string.
The string can contain:

- \r - Return

- \t - Tab

- \b - Backspace

- \e - Escape

- \d - Delete

- \S - Shift (modify the next character; please note that modify with ``\S'' will be
ignored in many cases. For example, ``a\Cb\ScD\CE'' will be interpreted as a,
Control-b, c, Shift-D, and Control-Shift-E.)

- \C - Control (modify the next character)

- \A - Alt (modify the next character)

- \M - Meta (modify the next character)

- \[keysym] - the keysym keysym (e.g., \[Left]), which will be processed in the
similar matter with other general characters

- \{keysym} - the keysym keysym (e.g., \{Left}), which will be processed in more
primitive matter and can also be used for modofier keys such as Control_L, Meta_L,
etc.; also, \{+keysym} and \{+keysym} will simulate press and release of the key,
respectively

- \Ddigit - delay digit * 100 ms

- \xvalue - move mouse pointer (use "+" or "-" for relative motion)

- \yvalue - move mouse pointer (use "+" or "-" for relative motion)

- \mdigit - simulate click of the specified mouse button

-file filename
Send the contents of the specified file to the focused window (see also `-window'
option). If ``-'' was specified as the filename, string to be sent will be read from
the standard input (stdin).
If this option is specified, xvkbd will not open its window and terminate soon after
sending the string.

-delay value
Put value ms of delay for evey characters when sending characters with -text or -file.
Maybe this is useful when problem arises when characters are entered too fast.

-window window
Specify the ID (hexadecimal value leaded with `0x', or decimal value), the name
(instance name or class name) of the window, or the title of the window to set input
focus. It is possible to use wildcard characters `*' and `?' to match the window
name or the window title.
If this is not specified, xvkbd will use input focus under control of the window
manager, unless focus is specified explicitly via Focus button. Even if this option
is specified, you can set input focus to other windows using Focus button, or clear
the input focus.
If there are two or more windows which have the name specified with this option, the
window which was found first will be selected.

-widget widget-name
Specify the name of the widget to set the input focus. To use this feature, the
client must support Editres protocol. In general, this option will be used with
`-window' option.
If you want to set input focus to the widget foo.bar.zot, you can write zot, bar.zot
or foo.bar.zot as widget-name. To avoid confusion, the widget-name should match with
a single widget of the client.
For example,

xvkbd -window xarchie -widget searchText -text "\Ca\Ckabc\r"

will enter the string ``abc'' to the ``Search Term'' field of a xarchie window.

-remote-display display
Specify the display (in the meaning of the X Window System) to connect;
see also Connect to Remote Display....
.TP 4 -true-keypad If this option is specified, xvkbd will attempt to use keysyms
such as XK_KP_1 instead of XK_1.
Resource `xvkbd.keypadKeysym: true' has the same function.

-dict filename
Specify the default dictionary (list of words) file to be used for word completion.
The `Completion Dictionary' filename set on the Property panel takes precedence over
this.
Resource `xvkbd.dictFile: filename' has the same function.
See also ``Making your own completion dictionary''.

-minimizable
Make xvkbd window can be minimized (iconified) even if no window manager is in use.
When this feature is enabled, small triangle will be displayed at left ot the xvkbd
main menu, and xvkbd window will be minimized when the triangle is clicked.
Resource `xvkbd.minimizable: true' has the same function.

-secure
Disable invocation of external commands, including user assigned command and the
online manual reader. Connection to another displays would also be disabled. This
option may be useful when xvkbd is to be run with some kind of privileges.
Resource `xvkbd.secure: true' has the same function.

-nonexitable
Disable termination of the xvkbd program. This option may be useful when xvkbd is to
be run automatically for systems with no keyboards and users should not terminate the
xvkbd.
Resource `xvkbd.nonexitable: true' has the same function.

-xdm
Same as -secure -nonexitable. When xvkbd is to be run for login screen, it would be
suggested to use this option.

-modifiers modifiers
Normally, xvkbd will activate modifiers (control, shift, etc.) only while sending
characters. If modifiers were specified with this option, the specified modifiers
will be activated while corresponding key on the xvkbd window is in active. For
example, you can specify -modifiers shift,control,meta,alt to apply this for those
four modifiers. Maybe this can be useful when attempting to decorate the mouse
operations with the modifiers. Please note that the modifiers will also be applied
when attempting to click on the xvkbd window and which can prevent the correct
operation in some situations.
Resource `xvkbd.positiveModifiers: modifiers...' has the same function.

-debug
Make xvkbd to output debug information. It also disable keyboard width adjustment, to
help adjusting key size when making keyboard layout file.
<!--

-version
Output version information and exit. -->

Screen Shot


Default (US)
http://homepage3.nifty.com/tsato/xvkbd/xvkbd-normal.gif

Belgian
http://homepage3.nifty.com/tsato/xvkbd/xvkbd-belgian.gif

Danish
http://homepage3.nifty.com/tsato/xvkbd/xvkbd-danish.gif

French
http://homepage3.nifty.com/tsato/xvkbd/xvkbd-french.gif
http://homepage3.nifty.com/tsato/xvkbd/xvkbd-french2.gif

German
http://homepage3.nifty.com/tsato/xvkbd/xvkbd-german.gif

Icelandic
http://homepage3.nifty.com/tsato/xvkbd/xvkbd-icelandic.gif

Italian
http://homepage3.nifty.com/tsato/xvkbd/xvkbd-italian.gif

Japanese (JIS-X-6002)
http://homepage3.nifty.com/tsato/xvkbd/xvkbd-jisx6002.gif

Japanese (JIS-X-6004)
http://homepage3.nifty.com/tsato/xvkbd/xvkbd-jisx6004.gif

Norwegian
http://homepage3.nifty.com/tsato/xvkbd/xvkbd-norwegian.gif

Portuguese
http://homepage3.nifty.com/tsato/xvkbd/xvkbd-portuguese.gif

Spanish
http://homepage3.nifty.com/tsato/xvkbd/xvkbd-spanish.gif

Swedish
http://homepage3.nifty.com/tsato/xvkbd/xvkbd-swedish.gif

Swiss/German
http://homepage3.nifty.com/tsato/xvkbd/xvkbd-swissgerman.gif

United Kingdom
http://homepage3.nifty.com/tsato/xvkbd/xvkbd-uk.gif

Latin-1
http://homepage3.nifty.com/tsato/xvkbd/xvkbd-latin1.gif

Small Keyboard (maybe suitable for PDAs)
http://homepage3.nifty.com/tsato/xvkbd/xvkbd-small.gif

Hebrew
http://homepage3.nifty.com/tsato/xvkbd/xvkbd-hebrew.gif

Greek
http://homepage3.nifty.com/tsato/xvkbd/xvkbd-greek.gif

Turkish
http://homepage3.nifty.com/tsato/xvkbd/xvkbd-turkish.gif

Slovene
http://homepage3.nifty.com/tsato/xvkbd/xvkbd-slovene.gif

Korean
http://homepage3.nifty.com/tsato/xvkbd/xvkbd-korean.gif

Russian (Cyrillic)
http://homepage3.nifty.com/tsato/xvkbd/xvkbd-russian.gif

Download


Latest Official Release
http://homepage3.nifty.com/tsato/xvkbd/xvkbd-3.3.tar.gz
- source of version 3.3 (2012-03-03)

previous release
http://homepage3.nifty.com/tsato/xvkbd/xvkbd-3.2.tar.gz
- source of version 3.2 (2010-03-14)
http://homepage3.nifty.com/tsato/xvkbd/xvkbd-3.1.tar.gz
- source of version 3.1 (2010-01-17)

xvkbd is distributed under the terms of the GNU General Public License.

Install


o untar the source in a directory, and move to the directory

o If you wish to use genuine Xaw insead of Xaw3d, edit Imakefile and remove (or comment-
out) `#define XAW3D'.
When you are installing xvkbd (for example) in very old systems, you may also want to
remove `#define XTEST' and `#define I18N' to disable XTEST and internationalization
facility respectively.

o Run xmkmf; make install install.man

Customization


How to Customize xvkbd
Some degree of customization of xvkbd is possible by setting resources. Some resources
are already described above, and resources to customizing keyboard layout are described
below.

To set resources, you can:

o put them in your $HOME/.Xdefaults file, or

o load them via xrdb(1), or

o set the filename to the $XENVIRONMENT environment variable, or

o put them in application default directory as `XVkbd-suffix' and set resource
``xvkbd.customization: -suffix'', or

o put them in application default directory as XVkbd.

Here, application default directory can be either of:

o directories specified with $XUSERFILESEACHPATH, $XAPPLRESDIR or else $HOME environment
variable

o system's application default directory specified with $XFILESEACHPATH environment
variable, or else the directory specified when compiling the X (e.g.,
/usr/lib/X11/app-defaults)

When the application default file is to be stored in the system's application default
directory, the file must contain ``#include "XVkbd-common"'' near top of the file.

xvkbd is distributed with some application default files, and they will be installed in
the system's application default directory.

Making Window Small
Size (and position) of xvkbd window can be set by `xvkbd.windowGeometry' resource. When
making window small, you may need to choose the smaller font, too.

xvkbd.windowGeometry: 220x90
xvkbd.compact: true
xvkbd*Font: 6x12

You may also want to set:

xvkbd.modalKeytop: true

to display only the labels for the current shift state, instead of trying to always
display all of them in the small keytop.

See also XVkbd-small.ad in the xvkbd distribution.

Removing Unwanted Keys
Keys on xvkbd window can be removed by setting its width to 1.

To remove Compose key and make Shift key larger, you can write:

xvkbd*Multi_key.width: 1
xvkbd*Shift_R.width: 75

To remove right Alt and Meta key, you can write:

xvkbd*Alt_R.width: 1
xvkbd*Meta_R.width: 1

Customizing Keyboard Layout
Layout of keys on the xvkbd window can be customized with following resources:

xvkbd.NormalKeys
list of keys available when neighter of Shift and AltGr are selected

xvkbd.ShiftKeys
list of keys available when Shift is selected

xvkbd.AltgrKeys
list of keys available when AltGr is selected

xvkbd.ShiftAltgrKeys
list of keys available when both AltGr and Shift are selected

xvkbd.KeyLabels
list of labels displayed on the keys

xvkbd.NormalKeyLabels
list of labels displayed on the keys
when neither of Shift and AltGr are selected.

xvkbd.ShiftKeyLabels
list of labels displayed on the keys
when Shift is selected

xvkbd.AltgrKeyLabels
list of labels displayed on the keys
when AltGr is selected

xvkbd.ShiftAltgrKeyLabels
list of labels displayed on the keys
when both AltGr and Shift are selected

Four resources to set labels on the keys (xvkbd.NormalKeyLabels, xvkbd.ShiftKeyLabels,
xvkbd.AltgrKeyLabels and xvkbd.ShiftAltgrKeyLabels) will be used instead of
xvkbd.KeyLabels when xvkbd.modalKeytop resoruce is set true.

In all of those resources, each keys are separated by spaces, and rows of keys are
terminated with ` \n\' (note that `\n' must have space before it). Please refer XVkbd-
german.ad and XVkbd-latin1.ad in the xvkbd distribution for more about these resources.

XVkbd-german and XVkbd-latin1 will be installed in the system's application default
directory, and setting the resource ``xvkbd.customization: -german'' will make xvkbd to
use the German layout. For another method to activate those settings, please refer "How
to Customize xvkbd" above.

Assigning Text to Function Keys
Text can be assigned to each function keys (and, actually, to most other keys). If text
is assigned to the function key, clicking on the key will send the assigned text instead
of the function key itself. When pointer is on a key where text is assigned, the text
will be displayed near the key.

The setting will be read from a text file which contains text for each function keys as:

F1 text for F1
F2 text for F2
s:F1 text for Shift-F1
c:F1 text for Control-F1
m:F1 text for Meta-F1
a:F1 text for Alt-F1
...

`s:', `c:', `m:' and `a:' before the keys name indicates four modifiers (Shift, Control,
Meta and Alt) respectively.

If the first character of the assigned string is `!', the string will be used as command
to be executed when the key is clicked. To assign string starting with `!' or `\', put
`\' before the string.

The file is $HOME/.xvkbd in default, and it can be changed by setting the filename with
xvkbd.keyFile resource.

For F1 to F12 with or without Shift modifier, it is possible to edit the assigned string
on a panel popped up via "Edit Function Keys..." in the main menu.

Miscellaneous Informations


Notes
o On XFree86, resolution switch with Ctrl + Alt + Keypad-Plus and Ctrl + Alt + Keypad-
Minus may be simulated. However, Ctrl + Alt + Backspace will not be simulated.

o Shift is used to decide key to be sent and it will not used to set modifier bit when
sending the event. You can use xev command to check what is actually sent.

o If Alt or Meta is not defined as modifier, the key can't be used as modifier. You can
use `xmodmap -pm' to check how modifiers are defined.

o Num Lock (and maybe other modifiers) on the physical keyboard may not work correctly
when xvkbd is in use.

Additional Informations
FAQ - Possible Problems and Solutions
http://homepage3.nifty.com/tsato/xvkbd/faq.html

Making your own completion dictionary
http://homepage3.nifty.com/tsato/xvkbd/make-dic.html

Hints to use xvkbd -text
http://homepage3.nifty.com/tsato/xvkbd/xvkbd-text.html

Note about how to send key events
http://homepage3.nifty.com/tsato/xvkbd/events.html

Change Log


Version 0.1 (2000-05-13)

-

The first release, not announced anywhere.

Version 0.2 (2000-09-15)

- Compose key is added. In the environments where Compose key is supported, some
characters (mainly letters with accent symbol) which can't be entered directly from
keyboard can be entered using dedicated key combinations.

- Make keyboard layout not to be disturbed when window size if specified with
-geometry option.

- Sample app-defaults file is added.

Version 0.3 (2000-10-05)

- -text option can now accept some modifiers (\S, \C, etc.) and any keysyms
(\[keysym]).

- In addition to the window ID, -window option can now accept window name.

- New -widget option to specify the widget to set the input focus.

Version 1.0 (2000-11-03)

- Keyboard layout can be now configured with resources. See "Customizing Keyboard
Layout" above, and XVkbd-german.ad in the distribution.

- xvkbd can now send keys with Mode_switch (AltGr) modifier, which enables those
characters in the position to be entered.

- xvkbd now support AltGr key so that German (and some other) keyboard layout can be
used. See XVkbd-german.ad in the distribution.

- XVkbd-german and XVkbd-latin1 are included in the distribution, which modifies
keyboard layout and put some non-ASCII keys on the xvkbd window.

- CapsLock key is supported now.

Version 1.1 (2000-12-23)

- xvkbd can now use XTEST extension to simulate keyboard events. It can still use
XSendEvent(), as it was in the older release. (thanks, Bjoern)

- Labels on keys can now be set independently for each of four shift states, not
shifted, Shift, AltGr and Shift-AltGr. (thanks, Jim)

- -kterm option and xvkbd.kterm resource are removed.

Version 1.2 (2001-02-18)

- Focus button is now placed in the main keyboard, too, so that it will be available
also in compact mode. If you don't need it, it can be removed by setting
``xvkbd*row5.Focus.width: 1''.

- Input focus set by Focus button can now be cleard by clicking Focus button twice.
Clicking Focus button with mouse button 3 will still clear the input focus, too.

- Text can now be assigned to function keys (and, actually, to most other keys).

- It is now possible to assign keys modified with Shift, Control, Alt and Meta on the
main keyboard, by putting `s:', `c:', `a:' and `m:' before those keysym name when
customizing the keyboard layout.

- xvkbd now ignores SIGINT and SIGQUIT so that it will not terminated accidently.

Version 1.3 (2001-03-19)

- New app-defaults file for Swiss-German layout, XVkbd-swissgerman.ad. (contributed
from Marcel Portner)

- xvkbd now catches MappingNotify event and reload the new mapping. This allows users
to use xmodmap while xvkbd is running.

- NumLock key is supported now. (I'd removed Print, ScrLk and Pause from keypad -
somebody need them?)

Version 1.4 (2001-04-22)

- Auto-repeat didn't work when focus was set explicitly via Focus button. It is now
fixed.

- When required keysym was not defined in the keymap table, xvkbd will now add it on-
the-fly. This means that we don't have to add them via xmodmap.

- Keypad panel can now be popped up from the main keyboard as a separate window.

- Sun function keys is now supported. It can be popped up from the main keyboard as a
separate window.

- Manual page is now available.

Version 1.5 (2001-10-08)

- Key events can now be sent to windows on a remote display (i.e. windows on other X
servers) - use "Connect to Remote Display..." in the main menu to connect to remote
display.

- Shift, Control, Alt and Meta can now be locked - use "Lock Shift?" and "Lock
Control, Alt and Meta?" in the main menu. Those initial settings can be set by
xvkbd.shiftLock and xvkbd.modifiersLock resource.

- If the first keysym for a key is an alphabet and the second keysym is NoSymbol, it
is now interpreted as if the first keysym is lowercase alphabet and the second
keysym is uppercase alphabet. Keymap may be defined in this way in some systems
including Solaris, and older xvkbd may not work correctly in such situation.

Version 1.6 (2001-11-10)

- New `-file' option to send characters in the specified file. (thanks, Gregory)

- New entry `Use XTEST Extension?' is added to the main menu, mainly to indicate the
availability of the XTEST extension.

- xvkbd would crash when the window explicitly focused via Focus button becomes was
destroyed. This problem is now fixed.

Version 2.0 (2001-12-09)

- Keyboard layout (default, German, French, etc.) can now be changed after xvkbd is
invoked.

- Show/hide of the keypad and funcion keys on the main window can now be toggled from
the main menu.

- New app-defaults file for French layout, XVkbd-french.ad. (contributed from Jean-
Pierre Demailly)

Version 2.1 (2002-01-27)

- When height of the xvkbd window is smaller than XVkbd.modalThreshold, xvkbd will now
automatically switch the keytop as if -modal option was specified.

- \[keysym] in -text option would send wrong keys - this problem is now fixed.

- Target distclean in the Imakefile is renamed to avoid the possible confusion on some
systems.

- Word completion is now supported.

Version 2.2 (2002-03-17)

- String assigned to function keys can now be edited on a panel popped up via "Edit
Function Keys..." in the main menu.

- When ``-'' was specified as the filename parameter for -file option, xvkbd will now
read its standard input (stdin) to get the string to be sent.

- In the previous release, less-portable setenv() function was used instead of
putenv() function, may cause compilation error on some systems including Solaris.

Version 2.3 (2002-04-05)

- New "Dead Keys" panel added. Which can be used to enter Latin characters with
accent symbol in double stroke.

- More localized keyboard layout: Belgian, Danish, French, German, Icelandic, Italian,
Japanese (JIS-X-6004), Norwegian, Portuguese, Spanish, Swedish, Swiss/German, United
Kingdom and Latin-1.

- -keypad option would crash previous version of xvkbd - this problem is now fixed.

Version 2.4 (2002-10-02)

- Command can now be assigned to function keys so that clicking on the function key
will execute the command instead of sending the string to clients.

- Assigned string for F1 to F12 with Shift modifier can now be edited on a panel
popped up via "Edit Function Keys..." in the main menu.

Version 2.5 (2002-10-12)

- Quick Modifier feature added - now, it is possible to enter characters with
modifiers by pressing a key and then move the pointer. (suggested by Niklas
Rokaeus)

- ``Lock AltGr?'' entry is added in the main menu.

- Status of ``Lock Shift?'', ``Lock AltGr'', ``Lock Control, Alt and Meta?'' will be
recorded in $HOME/.xvkbd file and it will be read when xvkbd is invoked next time.

Version 2.5a (2003-06-25)

- ``Fitaly'' layout is now supported - may be useful for PDAs.

Version 2.6 (2004-05-04)

- Code to adding keysyms which were not found in the keymap table is revised. xvkbd
now avoid to add keysyms in the shifted position of keys which already have a keysym
defined in the non-shifted position, and entries in the keymap table which is
modified keys will be redefined rather than redefining the entire keymap table.
This change is to avoid possible problem (AltGr key could be effectively disabled)
which may caused in some systems where XGetKeyboardMapping() can produce incorrect
map when keys have more then two keysyms.

- If Mode_switch is not defined in the modifier table but ISO_Level3_Shift is defined,
xvkbd now attempt to add Mode_switch as the same modifier with ISO_Level3_Shift.

- Korean layout is now supported. Although Hangul characters will be displayed on the
keys, xvkbd will simply generate alphabet characters when those keys are clicked.
It is intented to be used with "ami" or similar Hangul input program.

- URL of the xvkbd main page is now changes to
http://homepage3.nifty.com/tsato/xvkbd/.

Version 2.7 (2005-05-05)

- Yet another Japanese keyboard layout, JIS X 6002, is now supported.

- It is now possible to minimize (iconify) the main window even if no window manager
is in use. This feature can be activated by -minimizable option or
xvkbd.minimizable resource.

- Experimental code to keep the xvkbd window always on the top of the display. This
feature can be activated by -always-on-top option, xvkbd.alwaysOnTop resource or the
"Always on Top?" entry in the main menu. Care should be taken as this feature can
cause problem in some situations.

- -text option now support combinations of modifiers and a special key. For example,
-text '\C\A\d' can be used for Control-Alt-Delete key combination.

- New options: -secure option (xvkbd.secure resource) which disables invocation of
external commands, -nonexitable option (xvkbd.nonexitable resource) which inhibits
termination of the program, and -xdm option which is equivalent to -secure
-nonexitable and maybe useful when run xvkbd from a display manager.

Version 2.7a (2005-05-07)

- Fixed a problem that xvkbd could cause segmentation fault on startup.

Version 2.8 (2006-09-10)

- ISO_Level3_Shift is now to be prefered over Mode_switch so that AltGr can be used on
relatively new systems where we must use ISO_Level3_Shift instead of Mode_switch.

- Reference to the target bitmap is changed from /usr/X11R6/include/X11/bitmaps/target
to /usr/include/X11/bitmaps/target.

- New options: -no-back-pointer, -no-sync, -modifiers.

Version 2.9 (2008-03-30)

- Russian (Cyrillic) keyboard layout supported. (thanks, Victor)

- New -delay option.

- \D special sequence in -text can be used to put a delay in specific position.

- -text can now simulate mouse operation via \x, \y and \m special sequences.

Version 3.0 (2008-05-05)

- New Property panel.

- New automatic click feature.

- Key-click sounds when key is pressed.

Version 3.1 (2010-01-17)

- Changed the default setting for automatic click to OFF, which was set ON in the
previous release in error and caused confusion.

- The keypad is now customizable, too (see XVkbd-strip.ad for the example).

- Up to 25x25 keys can now be supported both for the main keyboard and the keypad.

- Able to open the keypad panel when startup, by setting `xvkbd.keypad: false' and
`xvkbd.keypadOnly: true'.

- Fixed errors in some keyboard layout files (Korean, Slovene, UK).

- A new sample layout file XVkbd-strip.ad.

Version 3.2 (2010-03-14)

- New option `Behave as Toolbar Window?' on the Property panel,
which may make xvkbd works better with some kind of window managers
such as Matchbox window manager. (Thanks, Patrick)

- `Always on Top' will work rather better with window managers
which support extended window manager hint _NET_WM_STATE_ABOVE.

- -window option can now find window which have title match with
the specified string.

- -window option now accept wildcard characters
`*' and `?'.

- Word completion dictionary file to be used with `Word Completion...'
can now be specified on the Property panel.

- Only the words which have two or more characters will be appeared
in the word completion list.

- New -version option to display version information.

Version 3.3 (2012-03-03)

- -text can now accept \{keysym}
so that the specified key can be processed in more primitive manner,
and so that modofier keys such as Control_L, Meta_L, etc.
can also be simulated.
Also, \{+keysym} and \{+keysym}
will now simulate press and release of the key, respectively.

- New option -remote-display to make xvkbd connect to
the specified display when startup.

- Bug fixed: KP_0 now works.

Author


xvkbd was written by Tom Sato, and it is distributed under the terms of the GNU General
Public License Version 2 or any later version.

Please send any feedback (such as bug reports, requests or comments) to Tom Sato
<VEF00200@nifty.ne.jp>.

The latest version of this software and more information about it may be available at
http://homepage3.nifty.com/tsato/xvkbd/. Release of the new version will be announced on
the Freecode (http://freecode.com), and you can probably receive the announce via e-mail
if you wish.

2012-03-03 xvkbd(1)

Use xvkbd online using onworks.net services


Ad