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abcmatch - Search for specific sequences of notes in an abc file composed of many tunes.


abcmatch abc file [-c] [-v] [-r] [-con] [-fixed nn] [-qnt] [-lev] [-a] [-ign] [-br
%d] [-tp abc reference file] [-ver] [-pitch_hist] [-wpitch_hist] [-length_hist]
[-interval_hist] [-pitch_table] [-interval_table] reference number


abcmatch is used to search for specific sequences of notes in an abc file composed of
many tunes. For example, if you know a few bars of a tune, you can use this program to
find the tune having this sequence and perhaps identify the tune. At a minimum, abcmatch
requires two files. A template file called match.abc which contains the bars that you are
searching for and a large file consisting of a hundred or more abc tunes. The program
automatically loads up the match.abc file and then scans every tune in the large file


-v and -c
mainly used for debugging when the program does not do what was expected.

-ver prints version number and then exits

Causes the matching algorithm to ignore the length of notes in a bar, thus E3/2F/D
GA2 would match EFD G2A. The option ignores -r parameter since it is now

Used to produce a interval weighted pitch histogram for each tune in the file. If
this is saved in an external file, that file could be used as a database for
finding tunes with similar pitch probability density functions (pdf).

-r Controls how the matching criterion handles small rhythm variations in the melody.
The -r option must be followed by a number which specifies the temporal resolution
for the match. When the number is zero, this indicates that a perfect match should
be performed, meaning that the lengths of each note in the bar must match exactly
in order to be reported. For larger values a looser match will be performed as
described below. Note lengths are converted into temporal units where a quarter
note normally is assigned a value of 24. Therefore an eight note has a value of 12,
a sixteenth has a value of 6, a half note has a value of 48 and etc. If you specify
a temporal resolution of 12, then the pitch values of the notes only need to match
at time units which are multiples of an eighth note.

-fixed n
Causes the program to disregard bar lines when does the matching. It allows
matching of notes between tunes having different time signatures. n is a number
which specifies the exact number of notes to match. For example if n is 4, the
program could match |C E G E| .. with |C E|G E| Note the matcher still starts at a
beginning of a given bar for both the tune and template.

-con Specifies contour matching. In this case, the program uses the key signature only
to indicate accidentals. The pitch contour is computed from the pitch difference or
interval between adjacent notes.

-qnt Uses the contour matching algorithm but also quantizes the intervals using the
following table:

unison and semitone 0 minor 2nd to major 2nd 1 minor 3rd to major 3rd 2 any
larger interval 3

Negative numbers are descending intervals.

-tp file name, reference number
Substitute any tune for the template match.abc. When using this feature, the entire
tune is used as a template. Abcmatch does not match the template with itself, and
only bars which match bars in other tunes are reported.

-br threshold
Runs the program in a brief mode designed to identify groups of tunes sharing
common bars. In this mode, the program counts the numbers of bars in the test tune
which are also present in match.abc. If the number of common bars is larger or
equal to the threshold then the program reports the tune and the number of common
bars. The program scans all the tunes in the abc file and returns a list of all
the tunes which have more than a specific number of bars in common with the
template, match.abc. In actual use, the program is run repeatedly by a script. For
each tune in a abc file, it creates a template file called match.abc and then
executes abcmatch. The outputs are displayed on the screen in a form easy to
interpret. The user has no control of the matching criterion. The rhythm must match
exactly and the notes are transposed to suit the key signature. In other words the
-r parameter is independent of what is specified in the parameter list.

-pitch_hist or -length_hist
Runs the program in another mode. It produces a histogram of the distribution of
the notes in the abc file. The pitch is indicated in midi units. Thus middle C is
60 and the pitches go up in semitone units. Following the pitch is a count of the
number of times that note occurred.

-pitch_table or -interval_table
Used to create a database for a collection of tunes in a file for future analysis.

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