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apertium - This application is part of ( apertium )

This tool is part of the apertium machine translation architecture:


apertium [-d datadir] [-f format] [-u] [-a] {language-pair} [infile [outfile]]


apertium is the application that most people will be using as it simplifies the use of
apertium/lt-toolbox tools for machine translation purposes.

This tool tries to ease the use of lt-toolbox (which contains all the lexical processing
modules and tools) and apertium (which contains the rest of the engine) by providing a
unique front-end to the end-user.

The different modules behind the apertium machine translation architecture are in order:
· de-formatter: Separates the text to be translated from the format information.

· morphological-analyser: Tokenizes the text in surface forms.

· part-of-speech tagger: Chooses one surface forms among homographs.

· lexical transfer module: Reads each source-language lexical form and delivers a
corresponding target-language lexical form.

· structural transfer module: Detects fixed-length patterns of lexical forms
(chunks or phrases) needing special processing due to grammatical divergences
between the two languages and performs the corresponding transformations.

· morphological generator: Delivers a target-language surface form for each target-
language lexical form, by suitably inflecting it.

· post-generator: Performs orthographical operations such as contractions and

· re-formatter: Restores the format information encapsulated by the de-formatter
into the translated text and removes the encapsulation sequences used to protect
certain characters in the source text.


-d datadir The directory holding the linguistic data. By default it will used the
expected installation path.

language-pair The language pair: LANG1-LANG2 (for instance es-ca or ca-es).

-f format Specifies the format of the input and output files which can have these values:
· txt (default value) Input and output files are in text format.

· html Input and output files are in "html" format. This "html" is the one accepted
by the vast majority of web browsers.

· html-noent Input and output files are in "html" format, but preserving native
encoding characters rather than using HTML text entities.

· rtf Input and output files are in "rtf" format. The accepted "rtf" is the one
generated by Microsoft WordPad (C) and Microsoft Office (C) up to and including

-u Disable marking of unknown words with the '*' character.

-a Enable marking of disambiguated words with the '=' character.

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