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aptly - Online in the Cloud

Run aptly in OnWorks free hosting provider over Ubuntu Online, Fedora Online, Windows online emulator or MAC OS online emulator

This is the command aptly that can be run in the OnWorks free hosting provider using one of our multiple free online workstations such as Ubuntu Online, Fedora Online, Windows online emulator or MAC OS online emulator

PROGRAM:

NAME


aptly - Debian repository management tool

SYNOPSIS


Common command format:

aptly [global options...] command subcommand [options...] arguments

aptly has integrated help that matches contents of this manual page, to get help, prepend
help to command name:

aptly help mirror create

DESCRIPTION


aptly is a tool to create partial and full mirrors of remote repositories, manage local
repositories, filter them, merge, upgrade individual packages, take snapshots and publish
them back as Debian repositories.

aptly’s goal is to establish repeatability and controlled changes in a package-centric
environment. aptly allows one to fix a set of packages in a repository, so that package
installation and upgrade becomes deterministic. At the same time aptly allows one to
perform controlled, fine-grained changes in repository contents to transition your package
environment to new version.

CONFIGURATION


aptly looks for configuration file first in ~/.aptly.conf then in /etc/aptly.conf and, if
no config file found, new one is created in home directory. If -config= flag is specified,
aptly would use config file at specified location. Also aptly needs root directory for
database, package and published repository storage. If not specified, directory defaults
to ~/.aptly, it will be created if missing.

Configuration file is stored in JSON format (default values shown below):

{
"rootDir": "$HOME/.aptly",
"downloadConcurrency": 4,
"downloadSpeedLimit": 0,
"architectures": [],
"dependencyFollowSuggests": false,
"dependencyFollowRecommends": false
"dependencyFollowAllVariants": false,
"dependencyFollowSource": false,
"gpgDisableSign": false,
"gpgDisableVerify": false,
"downloadSourcePackages": false,
"ppaDistributorID": "ubuntu",
"ppaCodename": "",
"S3PublishEndpoints": {
"test": {
"region": "us-east-1",
"bucket": "repo",
"endpoint": "",
"awsAccessKeyID": "",
"awsSecretAccessKey": "",
"prefix": "",
"acl": "public-read",
"storageClass": "",
"encryptionMethod": "",
"plusWorkaround": false,
"disableMultiDel": false
}
},
"SwiftPublishEndpoints": {
"test": {
"container": "repo",
"osname": "",
"password": "",
"prefix": "",
"authurl": "",
"tenant": "",
"tenantid": ""
}
}
}

Options:

rootDir
is root of directory storage to store database (rootDir/db), downloaded packages
(rootDir/pool) and published repositories (rootDir/public)

downloadConcurrency
is a number of parallel download threads to use when downloading packages

downloadSpeedLimit
limit in kbytes/sec on download speed while mirroring remote repositieis

architectures
is a list of architectures to process; if left empty defaults to all available
architectures; could be overridden with option -architectures

dependencyFollowSuggests
follow contents of Suggests: field when processing dependencies for the package

dependencyFollowRecommends
follow contents of Recommends: field when processing dependencies for the package

dependencyFollowAllVariants
when dependency looks like package-a | package-b, follow both variants always

dependencyFollowSource
follow dependency from binary package to source package

gpgDisableSign
don’t sign published repositories with gpg(1), also can be disabled on per-repo
basis using -skip-signing flag when publishing

gpgDisableVerify
don’t verify remote mirrors with gpg(1), also can be disabled on per-mirror basis
using -ignore-signatures flag when creating and updating mirrors

downloadSourcePackages
if enabled, all mirrors created would have flag set to download source packages;
this setting could be controlled on per-mirror basis with -with-sources flag

ppaDistributorID, ppaCodename
specifies paramaters for short PPA url expansion, if left blank they default to
output of lsb_release command

S3PublishEndpoints
configuration of Amazon S3 publishing endpoints (see below)

SwiftPublishEndpoints
configuration of OpenStack Swift publishing endpoints (see below)

S3 PUBLISHING ENDPOINTS


aptly could be configured to publish repository directly to Amazon S3 (or S3-compatible
cloud storage). First, publishing endpoints should be described in aptly configuration
file. Each endpoint has name and associated settings:

region Amazon region for S3 bucket (e.g. us-east-1)

bucket bucket name

endpoint
(optional) when using S3-compatible cloud storage, specify hostname of service
endpoint here, region is ignored if endpoint is set (set region to some
human-readable name) (should be left blank for real Amazon S3)

prefix (optional) do publishing under specified prefix in the bucket, defaults to no
prefix (bucket root)

acl (optional) assign ACL to published files (one of the canned ACLs in Amazon
terminology). Useful values: private (default) or public-read (public repository).
Public repositories could be consumed by apt using HTTP endpoint (Amazon bucket
should be configured for "website hosting"), for private repositories special apt
S3 transport is required.

awsAccessKeyID, awsSecretAccessKey
(optional) Amazon credentials to access S3 bucket. If not supplied, environment
variables AWS_ACCESS_KEY_ID and AWS_SECRET_ACCESS_KEY are used.

storageClass
(optional) Amazon S3 storage class, defaults to STANDARD. Other values available:
REDUCED_REDUNDANCY (lower price, lower redundancy)

encryptionMethod
(optional) server-side encryption method, defaults to none. Currently the only
available encryption method is AES256

plusWorkaround
(optional) workaround misbehavior in apt and Amazon S3 for files with + in filename
by creating two copies of package files with + in filename: one original and
another one with spaces instead of plus signs With plusWorkaround enabled, package
files with plus sign would be stored twice. aptly might not cleanup files with
spaces when published repository is dropped or updated (switched) to new version of
repository (snapshot)

disableMultiDel
(optional) for S3-compatible cloud storages which do not support MultiDel S3 API,
enable this setting (file deletion would be slower with this setting enabled)

In order to publish to S3, specify endpoint as s3:endpoint-name: before publishing prefix
on the command line, e.g.:

aptly publish snapshot wheezy-main s3:test:

OPENSTACK SWIFT PUBLISHING ENDPOINTS


aptly could be configured to publish repository directly to OpenStack Swift. First,
publishing endpoints should be described in aptly configuration file. Each endpoint has
name and associated settings:

container
container name

prefix (optional) do publishing under specified prefix in the container, defaults to no
prefix (container root)

osname, password
(optional) OpenStack credentials to access Keystone. If not supplied, environment
variables OS_USERNAME and OS_PASSWORD are used.

tenant, tenantid
(optional) OpenStack tenant name and id (in order to use v2 authentication).

authurl
(optional) the full url of Keystone server (including port, and version). example
http://identity.example.com:5000/v2.0

In order to publish to Swift, specify endpoint as swift:endpoint-name: before publishing
prefix on the command line, e.g.:

aptly publish snapshot jessie-main swift:test:

PACKAGE QUERY


Some commands accept package queries to identify list of packages to process. Package
query syntax almost matches reprepro query language. Query consists of the following
simple terms:

direct package reference
reference to exaclty one package. Format is identical to the way aptly lists
packages in show commands with -with-packages flag: name_version_arch, e.g.:
libmysqlclient18_5.5.35-rel33.0-611.squeeze_amd64

dependency condition
syntax follows Debian dependency specification: package_name followed by optional
version specification and architecture limit, e.g: mysql-client (>= 3.6).

query against package fields
syntax is the same as for dependency conditions, but instead of package name field
name is used, e.g: Priority (optional).

Supported fields:

○ all field names from Debian package control files are supported except for Filename,
MD5sum, SHA1, SHA256, Size, Files, Checksums-SHA1, Checksums-SHA256.

$Source is a name of source package (for binary packages)

$SourceVersion is a version of source package

$Architecture is Architecture for binary packages and source for source packages, when
matching with equal (=) operator, package with any architecture matches all
architectures but source.

$Version has the same value as Version, but comparison operators use Debian version
precedence rules

$PackageType is deb for binary packages and source for source packages

Operators:

= strict match, default operator is no operator is given

>=, <=, =, >> (strictly greater), << (strictly less)
lexicographical comparison for all fields and special rules when comparing package
versions

% pattern matching, like shell patterns, supported special symbols are: [^]?*, e.g.:
$Version (% 3.5-*)

~ regular expression matching, e.g.: Name (~ .*-dev)

Simple terms could be combined into more complex queries using operators , (and), | (or)
and ! (not), parentheses () are used to change operator precedence. Match value could be
enclosed in single () or double (") quotes if required to resolve ambiguity, quotes
inside quoted string should escaped with slash (\).

Examples:

mysql-client
matches package mysql-client of any version and architecture (including source),
also matches packages that Provide: mysql-client.

mysql-client (>= 3.6)
matches package mysql-client with version greater or equal to 3.6. Valid operators
for version are: >=, <=, =, >> (strictly greater), << (strictly less).

mysql-client {i386}
matches package mysql-client on architecture i386, architecture all matches all
architectures but source.

mysql-client (>= 3.6) {i386}
version and architecture conditions combined.

libmysqlclient18_5.5.35-rel33.0-611.squeeze_amd64
direct package reference.

$Source (nginx)
all binary packages with nginx as source package.

!Name (~ .*-dev), mail-transport, $Version (>= 3.5)
matches all packages that provide mail-transport with name that has no suffix -dev
and with version greater or equal to 3.5.

When specified on command line, query may have to be quoted according to shell rules, so
that it stays single argument:

aptly repo import percona stable ’mysql-client (>= 3.6)’

PACKAGE DISPLAY FORMAT


Some aptly commands (aptly mirror search, aptly package search, ...) support -format flag
which allows to customize how search results are printed. Golang templates are used to
specify display format, with all package stanza fields available to template. In addition
to package stanza fields aptly provides:

Key internal aptly package ID, unique for all packages in aptly (combination of
ShortKey and FilesHash).

FilesHash
hash that includes MD5 of all packages files.

ShortKey
package ID, which is unique in single list (mirror, repo, snapshot, ...), but not
unique in whole aptly package collection.

For example, default aptly display format could be presented with the following template:
{{.Package}}_{{.Version}}_{{.Architecture}}. To display package name with dependencies:
{{.Package}} | {{.Depends}}. More information on Golang template syntax:
http://godoc.org/text/template

GLOBAL OPTIONS


-architectures=
list of architectures to consider during (comma-separated), default to all
available

-config=
location of configuration file (default locations are /etc/aptly.conf,
~/.aptly.conf)

-dep-follow-all-variants=false
when processing dependencies, follow a & b if dependency is ’a|b’

-dep-follow-recommends=false
when processing dependencies, follow Recommends

-dep-follow-source=false
when processing dependencies, follow from binary to Source packages

-dep-follow-suggests=false
when processing dependencies, follow Suggests

CREATE NEW MIRROR


aptly mirror create name archive url distribution [component1 ...]

Creates mirror name of remote repository, aptly supports both regular and flat Debian
repositories exported via HTTP and FTP. aptly would try download Release file from remote
repository and verify its’ signature. Command line format resembles apt utlitily
sources.list(5).

PPA urls could specified in short format:

$ aptly mirror create name ppa:user/project

Example:

$ aptly mirror create wheezy-main http://mirror.yandex.ru/debian/ wheezy main

Options:

-filter=
filter packages in mirror

-filter-with-deps=false
when filtering, include dependencies of matching packages as well

-force-components=false
(only with component list) skip check that requested components are listed in
Release file

-ignore-signatures=false
disable verification of Release file signatures

-keyring=
gpg keyring to use when verifying Release file (could be specified multiple times)

-with-sources=false
download source packages in addition to binary packages

-with-udebs=false
download .udeb packages (Debian installer support)

LIST MIRRORS


aptly mirror list

List shows full list of remote repository mirrors.

Example:

$ aptly mirror list

Options:

-raw=false
display list in machine-readable format

SHOW DETAILS ABOUT MIRROR


aptly mirror show name

Shows detailed information about the mirror.

Example:

$ aptly mirror show wheezy-main

Options:

-with-packages=false
show detailed list of packages and versions stored in the mirror

DELETE MIRROR


aptly mirror drop name

Drop deletes information about remote repository mirror name. Package data is not deleted
(since it could still be used by other mirrors or snapshots). If mirror is used as source
to create a snapshot, aptly would refuse to delete such mirror, use flag -force to
override.

Example:

$ aptly mirror drop wheezy-main

Options:

-force=false
force mirror deletion even if used by snapshots

UPDATE MIRROR


aptly mirror update name

Updates remote mirror (downloads package files and meta information). When mirror is
created, this command should be run for the first time to fetch mirror contents. This
command can be run multiple times to get updated repository contents. If interrupted,
command can be safely restarted.

Example:

$ aptly mirror update wheezy-main

Options:

-download-limit=0
limit download speed (kbytes/sec)

-force=false
force update mirror even if it is locked by another process

-ignore-checksums=false
ignore checksum mismatches while downloading package files and metadata

-ignore-signatures=false
disable verification of Release file signatures

-keyring=
gpg keyring to use when verifying Release file (could be specified multiple times)

RENAMES MIRROR


aptly mirror rename old-name new-name

Command changes name of the mirror.Mirror name should be unique.

Example:

$ aptly mirror rename wheezy-min wheezy-main

EDIT MIRROR SETTINGS


aptly mirror edit name

Command edit allows one to change settings of mirror: filters, list of architectures.

Example:

$ aptly mirror edit -filter=nginx -filter-with-deps some-mirror

Options:

-filter=
filter packages in mirror

-filter-with-deps=false
when filtering, include dependencies of matching packages as well

-with-sources=false
download source packages in addition to binary packages

-with-udebs=false
download .udeb packages (Debian installer support)

SEARCH MIRROR FOR PACKAGES MATCHING QUERY


aptly mirror search name package-query

Command search displays list of packages in mirror that match package query

Example:

$ aptly mirror search wheezy-main ’$Architecture (i386), Name (% *-dev)’

Options:

-format=
custom format for result printing

-with-deps=false
include dependencies into search results

ADD PACKAGES TO LOCAL REPOSITORY


aptly repo add name

Command adds packages to local repository from .deb, .udeb (binary packages) and .dsc
(source packages) files. When importing from directory aptly would do recursive scan
looking for all files matching .[u]deb or.dsc patterns. Every file discovered would be
analyzed to extract metadata, package would then be created and added to the database.
Files would be imported to internal package pool. For source packages, all required files
are added automatically as well. Extra files for source package should be in the same
directory as *.dsc file.

Example:

$ aptly repo add testing myapp-0.1.2.deb incoming/

Options:

-force-replace=false
when adding package that conflicts with existing package, remove existing package

-remove-files=false
remove files that have been imported successfully into repository

COPY PACKAGES BETWEEN LOCAL REPOSITORIES


aptly repo copy src-name dst-name package-query ...

Command copy copies packages matching package-query from local repo src-name to local repo
dst-name.

Example:

$ aptly repo copy testing stable ’myapp (=0.1.12)’

Options:

-dry-run=false
don’t copy, just show what would be copied

-with-deps=false
follow dependencies when processing package-spec

CREATE LOCAL REPOSITORY


aptly repo create name

Create local package repository. Repository would be empty when created, packages could be
added from files, copied or moved from another local repository or imported from the
mirror.

Example:

$ aptly repo create testing

Options:

-comment=
any text that would be used to described local repository

-component=main
default component when publishing

-distribution=
default distribution when publishing

-uploaders-file=
uploaders.json to be used when including .changes into this repository

DELETE LOCAL REPOSITORY


aptly repo drop name

Drop information about deletions from local repo. Package data is not deleted (since it
could be still used by other mirrors or snapshots).

Example:

$ aptly repo drop local-repo

Options:

-force=false
force local repo deletion even if used by snapshots

EDIT PROPERTIES OF LOCAL REPOSITORY


aptly repo edit name

Command edit allows one to change metadata of local repository: comment, default
distribution and component.

Example:

$ aptly repo edit -distribution=wheezy testing

Options:

-comment=
any text that would be used to described local repository

-component=
default component when publishing

-distribution=
default distribution when publishing

-uploaders-file=
uploaders.json to be used when including .changes into this repository

IMPORT PACKAGES FROM MIRROR TO LOCAL REPOSITORY


aptly repo import src-mirror dst-repo package-query ...

Command import looks up packages matching package-query in mirror src-mirror and copies
them to local repo dst-repo.

Example:

$ aptly repo import wheezy-main testing nginx

Options:

-dry-run=false
don’t import, just show what would be imported

-with-deps=false
follow dependencies when processing package-spec

LIST LOCAL REPOSITORIES


aptly repo list

List command shows full list of local package repositories.

Example:

$ aptly repo list

Options:

-raw=false
display list in machine-readable format

MOVE PACKAGES BETWEEN LOCAL REPOSITORIES


aptly repo move src-name dst-name package-query ...

Command move moves packages matching package-query from local repo src-name to local repo
dst-name.

Example:

$ aptly repo move testing stable ’myapp (=0.1.12)’

Options:

-dry-run=false
don’t move, just show what would be moved

-with-deps=false
follow dependencies when processing package-spec

REMOVE PACKAGES FROM LOCAL REPOSITORY


aptly repo remove name package-query ...

Commands removes packages matching package-query from local repository name. If removed
packages are not referenced by other repos or snapshots, they can be removed completely
(including files) by running ’aptly db cleanup’.

Example:

$ aptly repo remove testing ’myapp (=0.1.12)’

Options:

-dry-run=false
don’t remove, just show what would be removed

SHOW DETAILS ABOUT LOCAL REPOSITORY


aptly repo show name

Show command shows full information about local package repository.

ex: $ aptly repo show testing

Options:

-with-packages=false
show list of packages

RENAMES LOCAL REPOSITORY


aptly repo rename old-name new-name

Command changes name of the local repo. Local repo name should be unique.

Example:

$ aptly repo rename wheezy-min wheezy-main

SEARCH REPO FOR PACKAGES MATCHING QUERY


aptly repo search name package-query

Command search displays list of packages in local repository that match package query

Example:

$ aptly repo search my-software ’$Architecture (i386), Name (% *-dev)’

Options:

-format=
custom format for result printing

-with-deps=false
include dependencies into search results

ADD PACKAGES TO LOCAL REPOSITORIES BASED ON .CHANGES FILES


aptly repo include <file.changes>|directory ...

Command include looks for .changes files in list of arguments or specified directories.
Each .changes file is verified, parsed, referenced files are put into separate temporary
directory and added into local repository. Successfully imported files are removed by
default.

Additionally uploads could be restricted with <uploaders.json> file. Rules in this file
control uploads based on GPG key ID of .changes file signature and queries on .changes
file fields.

Example:

$ aptly repo include -repo=foo-release incoming/

Options:

-accept-unsigned=false
accept unsigned .changes files

-force-replace=false
when adding package that conflicts with existing package, remove existing package

-ignore-signatures=false
disable verification of .changes file signature

-keyring=
gpg keyring to use when verifying Release file (could be specified multiple times)

-no-remove-files=false
don’t remove files that have been imported successfully into repository

-repo={{.Distribution}}
which repo should files go to, defaults to Distribution field of .changes file

-uploaders-file=
path to uploaders.json file

CREATES SNAPSHOT OF MIRROR (LOCAL REPOSITORY) CONTENTS


aptly snapshot create name from mirror mirror-name | from repo repo-name | empty

Command create name from mirror makes persistent immutable snapshot of remote repository
mirror. Snapshot could be published or further modified using merge, pull and other aptly
features.

Command create name from repo makes persistent immutable snapshot of local repository.
Snapshot could be processed as mirror snapshots, and mixed with snapshots of remote
mirrors.

Command create name empty creates empty snapshot that could be used as a basis for
snapshot pull operations, for example. As snapshots are immutable, creating one empty
snapshot should be enough.

Example:

$ aptly snapshot create wheezy-main-today from mirror wheezy-main

LIST SNAPSHOTS


aptly snapshot list

Command list shows full list of snapshots created.

Example:

$ aptly snapshot list

Options:

-raw=false
display list in machine-readable format

-sort=name
display list in ’name’ or creation ’time’ order

SHOWS DETAILS ABOUT SNAPSHOT


aptly snapshot show name

Command show displays full information about a snapshot.

Example:

$ aptly snapshot show wheezy-main

Options:

-with-packages=false
show list of packages

VERIFY DEPENDENCIES IN SNAPSHOT


aptly snapshot verify name [source ...]

Verify does dependency resolution in snapshot name, possibly using additional snapshots
source as dependency sources. All unsatisfied dependencies are printed.

Example:

$ aptly snapshot verify wheezy-main wheezy-contrib wheezy-non-free

PULL PACKAGES FROM ANOTHER SNAPSHOT


aptly snapshot pull name source destination package-query ...

Command pull pulls new packages along with its’ dependencies to snapshot name from
snapshot source. Pull can upgrade package version in name with versions from source
following dependencies. New snapshot destination is created as a result of this process.
Packages could be specified simply as ’package-name’ or as package queries.

Example:

$ aptly snapshot pull wheezy-main wheezy-backports wheezy-new-xorg xorg-server-server

Options:

-all-matches=false
pull all the packages that satisfy the dependency version requirements

-dry-run=false
don’t create destination snapshot, just show what would be pulled

-no-deps=false
don’t process dependencies, just pull listed packages

-no-remove=false
don’t remove other package versions when pulling package

DIFFERENCE BETWEEN TWO SNAPSHOTS


aptly snapshot diff name-a name-b

Displays difference in packages between two snapshots. Snapshot is a list of packages, so
difference between snapshots is a difference between package lists. Package could be
either completely missing in one snapshot, or package is present in both snapshots with
different versions.

Example:

$ aptly snapshot diff -only-matching wheezy-main wheezy-backports

Options:

-only-matching=false
display diff only for matching packages (don’t display missing packages)

MERGES SNAPSHOTS


aptly snapshot merge destination source [source...]

Merge command merges several source snapshots into one destination snapshot. Merge happens
from left to right. By default, packages with the same name-architecture pair are replaced
during merge (package from latest snapshot on the list wins). If run with only one source
snapshot, merge copies source into destination.

Example:

$ aptly snapshot merge wheezy-w-backports wheezy-main wheezy-backports

Options:

-latest=false
use only the latest version of each package

-no-remove=false
don’t remove duplicate arch/name packages

DELETE SNAPSHOT


aptly snapshot drop name

Drop removes information about a snapshot. If snapshot is published, it can’t be dropped.

Example:

$ aptly snapshot drop wheezy-main

Options:

-force=false
remove snapshot even if it was used as source for other snapshots

RENAMES SNAPSHOT


aptly snapshot rename old-name new-name

Command changes name of the snapshot. Snapshot name should be unique.

Example:

$ aptly snapshot rename wheezy-min wheezy-main

SEARCH SNAPSHOT FOR PACKAGES MATCHING QUERY


aptly snapshot search name package-query

Command search displays list of packages in snapshot that match package query

Example:

$ aptly snapshot search wheezy-main ’$Architecture (i386), Name (% *-dev)’

Options:

-format=
custom format for result printing

-with-deps=false
include dependencies into search results

FILTER PACKAGES IN SNAPSHOT PRODUCING ANOTHER SNAPSHOT


aptly snapshot filter source destination package-query ...

Command filter does filtering in snapshot source, producing another snapshot destination.
Packages could be specified simply as ’package-name’ or as package queries.

Example:

$ aptly snapshot filter wheezy-main wheezy-required ’Priorioty (required)’

Options:

-with-deps=false
include dependent packages as well

REMOVE PUBLISHED REPOSITORY


aptly publish drop distribution [[endpoint:]prefix]

Command removes whatever has been published under specified prefix, publishing endpoint
and distribution name.

Example:

$ aptly publish drop wheezy

Options:

-force-drop=false
remove published repository even if some files could not be cleaned up

LIST OF PUBLISHED REPOSITORIES


aptly publish list

Display list of currently published snapshots.

Example:

$ aptly publish list

Options:

-raw=false
display list in machine-readable format

PUBLISH LOCAL REPOSITORY


aptly publish repo name [[endpoint:]prefix]

Command publishes current state of local repository ready to be consumed by apt tools.
Published repostiories appear under rootDir/public directory. Valid GPG key is required
for publishing.

Multiple component repository could be published by specifying several components split by
commas via -component flag and multiple local repositories as the arguments:

aptly publish repo -component=main,contrib repo-main repo-contrib

It is not recommended to publish local repositories directly unless the repository is for
testing purposes and changes happen frequently. For production usage please take snapshot
of repository and publish it using publish snapshot command.

Example:

$ aptly publish repo testing

Options:

-batch=false
run GPG with detached tty

-component=
component name to publish (for multi-component publishing, separate components with
commas)

-distribution=
distribution name to publish

-force-overwrite=false
overwrite files in package pool in case of mismatch

-gpg-key=
GPG key ID to use when signing the release

-keyring=
GPG keyring to use (instead of default)

-label=
label to publish

-origin=
origin name to publish

-passphrase=
GPG passhprase for the key (warning: could be insecure)

-passphrase-file=
GPG passhprase-file for the key (warning: could be insecure)

-secret-keyring=
GPG secret keyring to use (instead of default)

-skip-contents=false
don’t generate Contents indexes

-skip-signing=false
don’t sign Release files with GPG

PUBLISH SNAPSHOT


aptly publish snapshot name [[endpoint:]prefix]

Command publishes snapshot as Debian repository ready to be consumed by apt tools.
Published repostiories appear under rootDir/public directory. Valid GPG key is required
for publishing.

Multiple component repository could be published by specifying several components split by
commas via -component flag and multiple snapshots as the arguments:

aptly publish snapshot -component=main,contrib snap-main snap-contrib

Example:

$ aptly publish snapshot wheezy-main

Options:

-batch=false
run GPG with detached tty

-component=
component name to publish (for multi-component publishing, separate components with
commas)

-distribution=
distribution name to publish

-force-overwrite=false
overwrite files in package pool in case of mismatch

-gpg-key=
GPG key ID to use when signing the release

-keyring=
GPG keyring to use (instead of default)

-label=
label to publish

-origin=
origin name to publish

-passphrase=
GPG passhprase for the key (warning: could be insecure)

-passphrase-file=
GPG passhprase-file for the key (warning: could be insecure)

-secret-keyring=
GPG secret keyring to use (instead of default)

-skip-contents=false
don’t generate Contents indexes

-skip-signing=false
don’t sign Release files with GPG

UPDATE PUBLISHED REPOSITORY BY SWITCHING TO NEW SNAPSHOT


aptly publish switch distribution [[endpoint:]prefix] new-snapshot

Command switches in-place published snapshots with new snapshot contents. All publishing
parameters are preserved (architecture list, distribution, component).

For multiple component repositories, flag -component should be given with list of
components to update. Corresponding snapshots should be given in the same order, e.g.:

aptly publish switch -component=main,contrib wheezy wh-main wh-contrib

Example:

$ aptly publish switch wheezy ppa wheezy-7.5

This command would switch published repository (with one component) named ppa/wheezy
(prefix ppa, dsitribution wheezy to new snapshot wheezy-7.5).

Options:

-batch=false
run GPG with detached tty

-component=
component names to update (for multi-component publishing, separate components with
commas)

-force-overwrite=false
overwrite files in package pool in case of mismatch

-gpg-key=
GPG key ID to use when signing the release

-keyring=
GPG keyring to use (instead of default)

-passphrase=
GPG passhprase for the key (warning: could be insecure)

-passphrase-file=
GPG passhprase-file for the key (warning: could be insecure)

-secret-keyring=
GPG secret keyring to use (instead of default)

-skip-contents=false
don’t generate Contents indexes

-skip-signing=false
don’t sign Release files with GPG

UPDATE PUBLISHED LOCAL REPOSITORY


aptly publish update distribution [[endpoint:]prefix]

Command re-publishes (updates) published local repository. distribution and prefix should
be occupied with local repository published using command aptly publish repo. Update
happens in-place with minimum possible downtime for published repository.

For multiple component published repositories, all local repositories are updated.

Example:

$ aptly publish update wheezy ppa

Options:

-batch=false
run GPG with detached tty

-force-overwrite=false
overwrite files in package pool in case of mismatch

-gpg-key=
GPG key ID to use when signing the release

-keyring=
GPG keyring to use (instead of default)

-passphrase=
GPG passhprase for the key (warning: could be insecure)

-passphrase-file=
GPG passhprase-file for the key (warning: could be insecure)

-secret-keyring=
GPG secret keyring to use (instead of default)

-skip-contents=false
don’t generate Contents indexes

-skip-signing=false
don’t sign Release files with GPG

SEARCH FOR PACKAGES MATCHING QUERY


aptly package search package-query

Command search displays list of packages in whole DB that match package query

Example:

$ aptly package search ’$Architecture (i386), Name (% *-dev)’

Options:

-format=
custom format for result printing

SHOW DETAILS ABOUT PACKAGES MATCHING QUERY


aptly package show package-query

Command shows displays detailed meta-information about packages matching query.
Information from Debian control file is displayed. Optionally information about package
files and inclusion into mirrors/snapshots/local repos is shown.

Example:

$ aptly package show nginx-light_1.2.1-2.2+wheezy2_i386’

Options:

-with-files=false
display information about files from package pool

-with-references=false
display information about mirrors, snapshots and local repos referencing this
package

CLEANUP DB AND PACKAGE POOL


aptly db cleanup

Database cleanup removes information about unreferenced packages and removes files in the
package pool that aren’t used by packages anymore

Example:

$ aptly db cleanup

Options:

-dry-run=false
don’t delete anything

-verbose=false
be verbose when loading objects/removing them

RECOVER DB AFTER CRASH


aptly db recover

Database recover does its’ best to recover the database after a crash. It is recommended
to backup the DB before running recover.

Example:

$ aptly db recover

HTTP SERVE PUBLISHED REPOSITORIES


aptly serve

Command serve starts embedded HTTP server (not suitable for real production usage) to
serve contents of public/ subdirectory of aptly’s root that contains published
repositories.

Example:

$ aptly serve -listen=:8080

Options:

-listen=:8080
host:port for HTTP listening

START API HTTP SERVICE


aptly api serve

Stat HTTP server with aptly REST API.

Example:

$ aptly api serve -listen=:8080

Options:

-listen=:8080
host:port for HTTP listening

-no-lock=false
don’t lock the database

RENDER GRAPH OF RELATIONSHIPS


aptly graph

Command graph displays relationship between mirrors, local repositories, snapshots and
published repositories using graphviz package to render graph as an image.

Example:

$ aptly graph

Options:

-format=png
render graph to specified format (png, svg, pdf, etc.)

-output=
specify output filename, default is to open result in viewer

SHOW CURRENT APTLY’S CONFIG


aptly config show

Command show displays the current aptly configuration.

Example:

$ aptly config show

RUN APTLY TASKS


aptly task run -filename=filename | command1, command2, ...

Command helps organise multiple aptly commands in one single aptly task, running as single
thread.

Example:

$ aptly task run
> repo create local
> repo add local pkg1
> publish repo local
> serve
>

Options:

-filename=
specifies the filename that contains the commands to run

SHOW CURRENT APTLY’S CONFIG


aptly config show

Command show displays the current aptly configuration.

Example:

$ aptly config show

ENVIRONMENT


If environment variable HTTP_PROXY is set aptly would use its value to proxy all HTTP
requests.

RETURN VALUES


aptly exists with:

0 success

1 general failure

2 command parse failure

AUTHORS


List of contributors, in chronological order:

○ Andrey Smirnov (https://github.com/smira)

○ Sebastien Binet (https://github.com/sbinet)

○ Ryan Uber (https://github.com/ryanuber)

○ Simon Aquino (https://github.com/queeno)

○ Vincent Batoufflet (https://github.com/vbatoufflet)

○ Ivan Kurnosov (https://github.com/zerkms)

○ Dmitrii Kashin (https://github.com/freehck)

○ Chris Read (https://github.com/cread)

○ Rohan Garg (https://github.com/shadeslayer)

○ Russ Allbery (https://github.com/rra)

○ Sylvain Baubeau (https://github.com/lebauce)

○ Andrea Bernardo Ciddio (https://github.com/bcandrea)

○ Michael Koval (https://github.com/mkoval)

○ Alexander Guy (https://github.com/alexanderguy)

○ Sebastien Badia (https://github.com/sbadia)

○ Szymon Sobik (https://github.com/sobczyk)

○ Paul Krohn (https://github.com/paul-krohn)

○ Vincent Bernat (https://github.com/vincentbernat)

○ x539 (https://github.com/x539)

January 2016 APTLY(1)

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