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autoinst - wrapper around the LCDF TypeTools, for installing OpenType fonts in LaTeX.


autoinst [options] fontfile(s)


Eddie Kohler's LCDF TypeTools are superb tools for installing OpenType fonts in LaTeX, but
they can be hard to use: they need many, often long, command lines and don't generate the
fd and sty files LaTeX needs. autoinst simplifies the use of the TypeTools for font
installation by generating and executing all commands for otftotfm and by creating and
installing all necessary fd and sty files.

Given a family of font files (in otf or ttf format), autoinst will create several LaTeX
font families:

- Four text families (with lining and oldstyle digits, in both tabular and proportional
variants), each with the following shapes:

n Roman text

it, sl Italic and slanted (sometimes called oblique) text

sc Small caps

sw Swash

tl Titling shape. Meant for all-caps text only (even though it sometimes
contains lowercase glyphs as well), where letterspacing and the positioning
of punctuation characters have been adjusted to suit all-caps text. (This
shape is only generated for the families with lining digits, since old-
style digits make no sense with all-caps text.)

scit, scsl
Italic and slanted small caps

nw "Upright swash"; usually normal text with "oldstyle" ligatures such as ct,
sp and st.

tlit, tlsl
Italic and slanted titling text

- For each text family: a family of TS1-encoded symbol fonts, in roman, italic and
slanted shapes.

- Four families with superiors, inferiors, numerators and denominators, in roman,
italic and slanted shapes.

- An ornament family, in roman, italic and slanted shapes.

Of course, if the fonts don't contain italics, oldstyle digits, small caps etc., the
corresponding shapes and families are not created. Furthermore, the creation of most
families and shapes can be controlled by command-line options (see "COMMAND-LINE OPTIONS"

These families use the FontPro project's naming scheme: <FontFamily>-<Suffix>, where
<Suffix> is:

LF proportional (i.e., figures have varying widths) lining figures

TLF tabular (i.e., all figures have the same width) lining figures

OsF proportional oldstyle figures

TOsF tabular oldstyle figures

Sup superior characters (many fonts have only an incomplete set of superior
characters: digits, some punctuation and the letters abdeilmnorst; normal forms
are used for other characters)

Inf inferior characters; usually only digits and some punctuation, normal forms for
other characters

Orn ornaments

Numr numerators

Dnom denominators

The generated fonts are named <FontName>-<suffix>-<shape>-<enc>, where <suffix> is the
same as above (but in lowercase), <shape> is either empty, "sc", "swash" or "titling", and
<enc> is the encoding. A typical name in this scheme is "LinLibertineO-osf-sc-ly1".

On the choice of text encoding
By default, autoinst generates text fonts with OT1, T1 and LY1 encodings, and the
generated style files use LY1 as the default text encoding. LY1 has been chosen over T1
because it has some empty slots to accomodate the additional ligatures provided by many
OpenType fonts. Different encodings can be chosen using the -encoding command-line option

Using the fonts in your LaTeX documents
autoinst generates a style file for using the font in LaTeX documents, named
<FontFamily>.sty. This style file also takes care of loading the fontenc and textcomp
packages. To use the font, simply put "\usepackage{<FontFamily>}" in the preamble of your

This style file defines a number of options:

"lining", "oldstyle", "tabular", "proportional"
Choose which figure style to use. The defaults are "oldstyle" and "proportional" (if

Scale the font by a factor of <number>. For example: to increase the size of the font
by 5%, use "\usepackage[scale=1.05]{<FontFamily>}". May also be spelled "scaled".

This option is only available when you have the xkeyval package installed.

"ultrablack", "ultrabold", "heavy", "extrablack", "black", "extrabold", "demibold",
"semibold", "bold"
Choose the weight that LaTeX will use for the "bold" weight.

"light", "medium", "regular"
Choose the weight that LaTeX will use for the "regular" weight.

These last two groups of options will only work if you have the mweights package

The style file will also try to load the fontaxes package (available on CTAN), which gives
easy access to various font shapes and styles. Using the machinery set up by fontaxes,
the generated style file defines a number of commands (which take the text to be typeset
as argument) and declarations (which don't take arguments, but affect all text up to the
end of the current group) of its own:


\tlshape \texttitling \texttl
\sufigures \textsuperior \textsu
\infigures \textinferior \textin

In addition, the "\swshape" and "\textsw" commands are redefined to place swash on the
secondary shape axis (fontaxes places it on the primary shape axis); this makes these
commands behave properly when nested, so that "\swshape\upshape" will give upright swash.

There are no commands for accessing the numerator and denominator fonts; these can be
selected using fontaxes' standard commands, e.g.,

The style file also provides a command "\ornament{<number>}", where "<number>" is a number
from 0 to the total number of ornaments minus one. Ornaments are always typeset using the
current family, series and shape. A list of all ornaments in a font can be created by
running LaTeX on the file nfssfont.tex (part of a standard LaTeX installation) and
supplying the name of the ornament font.

To access the ornaments, autoinst creates a font-specific encoding file
<FontFamily>_orn.enc, but only if that file doesn't yet exist in the current directory.
This is a deliberate feature that allows you to provide your own encoding vector, e.g. if
your fonts use non-standard glyph names for ornaments.

These commands are only generated for existing shapes and number styles; no commands are
generated for shapes and styles that don't exist, or whose generation has been turned off
using command-line options. Also: these commands are built on top of fontaxes; if that
package cannot be found, you're limited to using the lower-level commands from standard
NFSS ("\fontfamily", "\fontseries", "\fontshape" etc.).

Using multiple font families in one document
Style files generated by versions of autoinst older dan 2013-07-25 redefined "\mddefault"
and "\bfdefault", whereas newer style files use the mweights package instead. If you use
multiple autoinst-generated font familes in the same document, it is best if all style
files are generated by the same version of autoinst; re-generate the older families if

NFSS codes
NFSS identifies fonts by a combination of family, series (weight plus width), shape and
size. autoinst parses the output of "otfinfo --info" to determine these parameters. When
this fails (e.g., because the font family contains uncommon widths or weights), autoinst
ends up with different fonts having the same values for these font parameters, which means
that these fonts cannot be used in NFSS. In that case, autoinst will split the font
family into multiple subfamilies (based on each font file's "Subfamily" value) and try
again. (Since many font vendors misunderstand the "Subfamily" concept and make each font
file its own separate subfamily, this strategy is only used as a last resort.)

If such a proliferation of font families is unwanted, either run autoinst on a smaller set
of fonts or add the missing widths, weights and shapes to the tables %FD_WIDTH, %FD_WEIGHT
and %FD_SHAPE, at the top of the source code. Please also send a bug report (see AUTHOR

autoinst maps widths, weights and shapes to NFSS codes using the following tables. These
are based as much as possible on the standard Fontname scheme and Philipp Lehman's Font
Installation Guide, but some changes were made to avoid name clashes in font families with
many widths and weights.


Thin t Ultra Compressed up
Ultra Light ul Extra Compressed ep
Extra Light el Compressed p
Light l Compact p
Book [1] Ultra Condensed uc
Regular [1] Extra Condensed ec
Medium mb Condensed c
Demibold db Narrow n
Semibold sb Semicondensed sc
Bold b Regular [1]
Extra Bold eb Semiextended sx
Ultra ub Extended x
Ultra Bold ub Expanded e
Black k Wide w
Extra Black ek
Ultra Black uk
Heavy h SHAPE
Poster r
Roman, Upright n [2]
Italic it
Cursive, Kursiv it
Oblique sl [3]
Slanted sl [3]
Incline(d) sl [3]


[1] When both weight and width are empty, the "series" attribute becomes "m".

[2] Adobe Silentium Pro contains two "Roman" shapes ("RomanI" and "RomanII"); the first of
these is mapped to "n", the second one to "it".

[3] New in release 2014-01-21; before that, slanted fonts were mapped to "it".

A note for MiKTeX users
Automatically installing the fonts into a suitable TEXMF tree (as autoinst does by
default) requires a TeX-installation that uses the kpathsea library; with TeX
distributions that implement their own directory searching (such as MiKTeX), autoinst will
complain that it cannot find the kpsewhich program and install all generated files into
subdirectories of the current directory. If you use such a TeX distribution, you should
either move these files to their correct destinations by hand, or use the -target option
(see "COMMAND-LINE OPTIONS" below) to specify a TEXMF tree.

Also, some OpenType fonts may lead to pl and vpl files that are too big for MiKTeX's
pltotf and vptovf; the versions that come with W32TeX (http://www.w32tex.org) and TeXLive
(http://tug.org/texlive) don't have this problem.


autoinst tries hard to do The Right Thing (TM) by default, so in many cases you won't need
these options; but most aspects of its operation can be changed if you want to.

You may use either one or two dashes before options, and option names may be shortened to
a unique prefix (e.g., -encoding may be abbreviated to -enc or even -en, but -e is
ambiguous (-encoding, -extra).

Don't actually generate any fonts and files, only create a logfile showing which fonts
would be generated. By default, this information is written to autoinst.log; use the
-logfile option to specify a different filename.

Generate the specified encoding(s) for the text fonts. The default is "OT1,T1,LY1".
For each encoding, a file <encoding>.enc (lowercase) should be somewhere where
otftotfm can find it. Suitable encoding files for OT1, T1/TS1 and LY1 come with
autoinst. (These files are called fontools_ot1.enc etc. to avoid name clashes with
other packages; the "fontools_" prefix may be omitted.)

Multiple text encodings can be specified as a comma-separated list:
"-encoding=OT1,T1". The encodings are passed to fontenc in the order specified, so the
last one will be the default text encoding.

-ts1 / -nots1
Control the creation of TS1-encoded fonts. The default is -ts1 if the text encodings
(see -encoding above) include T1, -nots1 otherwise.

Install the font as a sanserif font, accessed via "\sffamily" and "\textsf". The
generated style file redefines "\familydefault", so including it will still make this
font the default text font.

Install the font as a typewriter font, accessed via "\ttfamily" and "\texttt". The
generated style file redefines "\familydefault", so including it will still make this
font the default text font.

-lining / -nolining
Control the creation of fonts with lining figures. The default is -lining.

-oldstyle / -nooldstyle
Control the creation of fonts with oldstyle figures. The default is -oldstyle.

-proportional / -noproportional
Control the creation of fonts with proportional figures. The default is -proportional.

-tabular / -notabular
Control the creation of fonts with tabular figures. The default is -tabular.

-smallcaps / -nosmallcaps
Control the creation of small caps fonts. The default is -smallcaps.

-swash / -noswash
Control the creation of swash fonts. The default is -swash.

-titling / -notitling
Control the creation of titling fonts. The default is -titling.

-superiors / -nosuperiors
Control the creation of fonts with superior characters. The default is -superiors.

-inferiors / -noinferiors
Control the creation of fonts with inferior digits. The default is -noinferiors.

-fractions / -nofractions
Control the creation of fonts with numerators and denominators. The default is

-ornaments / -noornaments
Control the creation of ornament fonts. The default is -ornaments.

Verbose mode; print detailed information about which fonts autoinst is generating. By
default, this information is written to autoinst.log; a different filename can be
specified using the -logfile option. Repeat this option for even more detailed

Write the logging information to LOGFILE instead of autoinst.log.

-defaultlining / -defaultoldstyle
-defaulttabular / -defaultproportional
Tell autoinst which figure style is the current font family's default (i.e., which
figures you get when you don't specify any OpenType features).

Don't use these options unless you are certain you need them! They are only needed
for fonts that don't provide OpenType features for their default figure style; and
even in that case, the default values (-defaultlining and -defaulttabular) are usually

-figurekern / -nofigurekern
Some fonts provide kerning pairs for tabular figures. This is very probably not what
you want (e.g., numbers in tables won't line up exactly). The option -nofigurekern
adds extra --ligkern options to the commands for otftotfm to suppress such kerns (but
of course only for the families with tabular figures). Since this leads to very long
commands (one hundred such options in total!) and the problem only occurs in very few
fonts, the default is -figurekern.

Add text to the command line to otftotfm. To prevent text from accidentily being
interpreted as options to autoinst, it should be properly quoted.

Manual mode. By default, autoinst executes all otftotfm commands it generates; with
the -manual option, these commands are instead written to a file autoinst.bat. Also,
the generated otftotfm commands specify the --pl option (which tells otftotfm to
generate human readable/editable pl and vpl files instead of the default tfm and vf
files) and omit the --automatic option (which causes otftotfm to leave all generated
files in the current directory, rather than install them into your TEXMF tree).

When using this option, you should run pltotf and vptovf after executing all commands,
to convert the pl and vf files to tfm and vf format.

The following options are only meaningful in automatic mode, and hence ignored in manual

Install all generated files into the TEXMF tree at DIRECTORY.

By default, autoinst searches your $TEXMFLOCAL and $TEXMFHOME paths and installs all
files into subdirectories of the first writable TEXMF tree it finds (or into
subdirectories of the current directory, if no writable directory is found).

These options are equivalent to otftotfm's --vendor and --typeface options: they
change the "vendor" and "typeface" parts of the names of the subdirectories in the
TEXMF tree where generated files will be stored. The default values are "lcdftools"
and the font's FontFamily name.

Note that these options change only directory names, not the names of any generated

-updmap / -noupdmap
Control whether or not updmap is called after the last call to otftotfm. The default
is -updmap.

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