OnWorks favicon

comigrate - Online in the Cloud

Run comigrate in OnWorks free hosting provider over Ubuntu Online, Fedora Online, Windows online emulator or MAC OS online emulator

This is the command comigrate that can be run in the OnWorks free hosting provider using one of our multiple free online workstations such as Ubuntu Online, Fedora Online, Windows online emulator or MAC OS online emulator



comigrate - managing package migrations from Debian unstable to testing


comigrate [options] [--heidi file] [--hints file]
comigrate [options] --update
comigrate [options] --migrate package
comigrate [options] --equivocal
comigrate [options] --excuses file [--svg]
comigrate [options] --explain dir


comigrate is a tool designed to manage the migration of packages from Debian unstable to
testing. It can be used in different ways. First, it can compute which packages can
migrate into testing; it can output either an HeidiResult file listing the updated
contents of testing, or a set of hints that can be fed to Britney to help it perform the
migration. Second, it can output detailed reports of what prevents packages from
migrating. Last, it can be used to interactively troubleshoot the migration of a given

Unless an alternative command is given, comigrate will perform package migration and
output the corresponding HeidiResult file at the location indicated in the configuration


The default behavior of comigrate is to compute which packages can migrate from unstable
to testing. This behavior can be overriden by the options below.

Output the set of packages that can migrate without making any package non-
installable but that will make it impossible to install some set of packages
together (package co-installability would no be preserved). This makes it possible
to find the packages that would be allowed to migrate when using the --inst option
(preserving only package installability), but that could nonetheless be

--excuses file
Write to this HTML file a detailed explanation of why some packages cannot migrate.
With the --svg option, an SVG graph is also included for each installability or co-
installability issue (set of packages that one would not be able to install
together anymore) that prevents the migration. The dot tool is required to produce
these graphs.

--explain dir
This command is designed to produce a report that can be published over HTTP. An
HTML file is created for each package that cannot migrate, providing a detailed
explanation of why this package cannot migrate. A file listing co-installability
issues (that is, set of packages that can no longer be installed together) that
would result from forthcoming migrations is also created. The --popcon option can
be used to specify popcon data to use for the report. The dot tool is required for
this command.

--migrate package
Compute whether it is possible to migrate this source package. If this is indeed
possible, a corresponding Britney hint is outputted, by default on the standard
output (this can be overridden with the --hints option).

Initialize or update the data directory.

Common Options
--arches lst
Comma-separated list of architectures to consider (default to all).

-c file, --config file
Use this Britney configuration file.

Package Migration Options
Show all hints. By default, hints consisting of a single package are omitted when
outputting hints.

--break sets
Override the default migration constraint that set of packages that could be
install together can still be installed together after migration (package co-
installability). This option allows to specify that some precise set of packages
can become non co-installable (or, in the case of a single package, that this
package can become non installable). This is crucial to allow the migration of
packages that are no longer compatible. The argument sets is a comma-separated list
of sets of packages. Each set is either a list of binary package names separated by
a vertical bar symbol |, or a wildcard _ standing for any package. We explain this
option through examples. You can write --break libjpeg62-dev to state that package
libjpeg62-dev does not have to remain installable. But it is usually better to
indicate that the package should remain installable but that it is fine if it is no
longer installable with some other packages: --break libjpeg62-dev,_. You can be
even more precise and specify that two given packages can become incompatible, but
no other incompatibility should be introduced: --break parallel,moreutils.
Finally, you can use the vertical bar symbol to factorize several sets of packages:
--break 'unoconv,python-uno|docvert-libreoffice' means that package unoconv does
not have to remain installable together with python-uno nor docvert-libreoffice.

--heidi HeidiResult
Write the result of package migration to file HeidiResult. When HeidiResult is -,
write to standard output. The option only make sense when no specific command is

--hints file
Output hints to this file. When file is -, write to standard output. This disable
the ouput of the HeidiResult file, unless an explicit --heidi option is provided as

--inst When computing possible migration, only preserves single package installability.
This is similar to what Britney does. The default is to ensure the stronger
requirement that set of packages that could be install together can still be
installed together after migration (that is, package co-installability).

--offset n
Move n days into the future. This is convenient to see what packages will be able
to migrate in a few days.

--remove pkg
Compute package migration as if the source package pkg and its associated binary
packages had been removed from unstable. This is a convenient way to migrate an
important package when its migration is prevented by packages of low importance.
Together with the --migrate command, this option can help finding out all issues
preventing the migration of a given package.

Command-Specific Options
--svg Include conflict graphs (in SVG format) in excuse output. This option only makes
sense together with the --excuses option.

--popcon file
Use popcon data from this file. This option only makes sense together with the
--explain option.

--source url
Download package information from the given url. This option only makes sense
together with the --update option.

Miscellaneous Options
--debug name
Activate debug option name. Use --debug help to list available debug options.

-help, --help
Print a usage message briefly summarizing the command-line options.

--input dir
Select the directory containing Britney data.

Disable on-disk caching.

--proc n
Provide number of processors. Use 1 to disable concurrency. Defaults to use all

Ignored Options
These two Britney options are currently ignored and are present only for compatibility.

Currently ignored.

-v Currently ignored.


To get started, you need to use a Britney configuration file britney.conf. The files
specifies in particular the location of migration data (control files, hint files, ...).
These data can then be downloaded (or updated) with the command below.

comigrate -c britney.conf --update

Running comigrate without option will make it behave like Britney: it will compute the set
of packages that can migrate and write a corresponding HeidiResult file at the location
indicated in the configuration file.

comigrate -c britney.conf

By default, comigrate is more picky than Britney: it will not allow packages to migrate if
any set of packages that could be installed together can no longer be installed together.
With the --inst option, comigrate will only check that packages remain installable, just
like Britney does.

comigrate -c britney.conf --inst

Alternatively, you can get the set of Britney easy hints corresponding to the migration.

comigrate -c britney.conf --hints - --all-hints

The --migrate option will give you an explanation of why a package cannot migrate. (If
the package can in fact migrate, the corresponding easy hint will be printed.)

comigrate -c britney.conf --migrate ghc

The --remove and --break options can be used together with this option to get a clear
understand of what needs to be done to migrate the package.

Use comigrate online using onworks.net services

Free Servers & Workstations

Download Windows & Linux apps

Linux commands

  • 1
    4g8 - Packet Capture and Interception
    for Switched Networks ...
    Run 4g8
  • 2
    4s-admin � 4store cluster management
    tool ...
    Run 4s-adminJ
  • 3
    cpipe - copy stdin to stdout while
    counting bytes and reporting progress ...
    Run cpipe
  • 4
    cplay - a front-end for various audio
    players ...
    Run cplay
  • 5
    g.ppmtopng - Converts between PPM/PGM
    and PNG image formats. KEYWORDS:
    general, display ...
    Run g.ppmtopnggrass
  • 6
    g.proj - Prints or modifies GRASS
    projection information files (in various
    co-ordinate system descriptions). Can
    also be used to create new GRASS
    locations. KE...
    Run g.projgrass
  • More »