EnglishFrenchSpanish

Ad


OnWorks favicon

cone - Online in the Cloud

Run cone in OnWorks free hosting provider over Ubuntu Online, Fedora Online, Windows online emulator or MAC OS online emulator

This is the command cone that can be run in the OnWorks free hosting provider using one of our multiple free online workstations such as Ubuntu Online, Fedora Online, Windows online emulator or MAC OS online emulator

PROGRAM:

NAME


cone - Read and send E-mail messages

SYNOPSIS


cone [-r] [-c directory]

USAGE


Cone is a console newsreader and E-mail. It is an interactive program
for reading and sending E-mail messages. Cone is designed to be
intuitive and easy to learn. Starting Cone for the first time displays
two links: one for the default system mailbox, and a second link to a
quick online tutorial. The online tutorial provides a brief overview of
using Cone for reading and sending E-mail.

Pressing Q on most screens exits Cone. Cone tries to gracefully log
out and shut down all server connections. If Cone cannot log out of a
remote server because the remote server is down, press CTRL-C (after Q
to terminate Cone).

Use CTRL-Z to temporarily suspend Cone and drop back to the shell
prompt. Cone remains suspended in the background, and may be restarted
by using the shell´s fg command.

Note
Connections to remote mail servers may be disconnected for
inactivity if Cone remains suspended for a prolonged period of
time. When suspended, Cone cannot maintain any active connections
to remote mail servers.

The -c option names a directory where Cone saves its configuration
files, and defaults to $HOME/.cone. The configuration directory will be
created, if necessary.

The -r option recovers a backup copy of Cone´s configuration file. This
option is primarily used when remote configuration is enabled, but the
folder that contains Cone´s configuration on a remote server was
deleted, or is not available. In all cases, Cone makes a daily local
configuration file backup. The -r option searches for local
configuration file backups, and offers an option to restore the backup
copy.

Reading local mail with Cone
Cone reads local mail from either maildirs (the preferred format) or
mailbox files (or "mboxes"). When mboxes are used, Cone does not read
the system mailbox file directly (usually /var/spool/something). All
messages in the system mailbox are automatically moved to $HOME/Inbox,
which is then accessed as if it was the system mailbox. Starting Cone
for the first time on an mbox-based system automatically copies all
existing mail from the system mailbox file to $HOME/Inbox.

This is an intentional design choice. Normal user application cannot
create new files in /var/spool; all they can do is read the mailbox
file from /var/spool. Therefore, the only way to update the mailbox
file is by rewriting it from scratch (more or less). While the mailbox
file is in the process of being rewritten, if the Cone process is
interrupted, or killed, the resulted in a corrupted system mailbox.
There are way to minimize this vulnerability, but it cannot be
eliminated completely. Some Linux kernels use an “OOM killer” that may
terminate any process when the system memory is low. There is no way to
completely prevent corrupted system mailbox files on those kernels.

Cone uses an alternative way of updating mboxes. Cone updates mboxes
by creating a new mbox file separately, then replacing the original
mbox file with the new version. Unfortunately this cannot be done with
the system mailbox file, because of the restricted access rights on the
system spool directory. To solve this problem Cone automatically copies
the system mailbox file to $HOME/Inbox, each time the system mailbox
file is opened and whenever new mail is available.

Viewing MIME attachments
Cone displays text and simple HTML content by itself. Other kinds of
attachments may be viewed by using a helper script. Cone invokes a
helper script to open a MIME attachment. The helper script´s name is
TYPE.SUBTYPE.filter”, where “TYPE” and “SUBTYPE” corresponds to the
MIME type and subtype, accordingly. Cone looks for helper scripts in
$HOME/.cone (or the directory specified by -c) and in /usr/share/cone.

For example, a helper script named “IMAGE.GIF.filter”, if installed, is
invoked to process image/gif MIME attachments.

Helper scripts
Cone runs each helper script twice:

TYPE.SUBTYPE.filter check type/subtype

When the first argument is “check”, the helper script should
terminate with a zero exit code if it is willing to process an
attachment whose MIME type is specified by the second argument. A
script or a program that´s has multiple “TYPE.SUBTYPE.filter” links
may use the second argument to identify the attachment´s mime type.
If the helper script is unable to process the attachment, at this
time, it should terminate with a non-zero exit code.

The default helper script for image attachments terminates with a
non-zero exit code if the DISPLAY environment variable is not
initialized. When invoked from an X-Windows terminal, image
attachments will be automatically displayed; and image attachments
are ignored otherwise on non-graphical consoles.

TYPE.SUBTYPE.filter filter type/subtype filename

If the helper script initially terminates with a zero exit code, it
will be invoked again after the MIME attachment is downloaded and
decoded. The first argument will be “filter”, and the attachment´s
filename is specified by the third argument.

Note
This is a temporary file, whose extension will not necessary be
the file extension associated with this MIME type.

The helper script should read and process the file specified by the
third argument. Cone interprets anything the helper script writes
to standard output as HTML.

Note
Cone waits until the helper script terminates before displaying
the rest of the message. Most helper scripts should run in the
background. However, note that Cone removes the temporary file
when the original message is closed; the temporary file may be
removed any time after the helper script terminates. The helper
script should make its own private copy of the file, if
necessary.

Activating URLs
Cone has limited ability to activate URLs in HTML messages. Cone
handles “mailto:” URLs by itself. For other URLs Cone runs
/usr/share/cone/method.handler with the URL passed as an argument.

Cone installs http.handler (hard linked to https.handler). This script
checks if firefox or mozilla binaries are found in the current PATH,
and runs them.

Note
Cone also looks method.handler in $HOME/.cone (or the directory
specified by -c) in addition to /usr/share/cone.

Use cone online using onworks.net services


Free Servers & Workstations

Download Windows & Linux apps

  • 1
    Image Downloader
    Image Downloader
    Crawl and download images using
    Selenium Using python3 and PyQt5.
    Supported Search Engine: Google, Bing,
    Baidu. Keywords input from the keyboard
    or input from ...
    Download Image Downloader
  • 2
    Eclipse Tomcat Plugin
    Eclipse Tomcat Plugin
    The Eclipse Tomcat Plugin provides
    simple integration of a tomcat servlet
    container for the development of java
    web applications. You can join us for
    discussio...
    Download Eclipse Tomcat Plugin
  • 3
    WebTorrent Desktop
    WebTorrent Desktop
    WebTorrent Desktop is for streaming
    torrents on Mac, Windows or Linux. It
    connects to both BitTorrent and
    WebTorrent peers. Now there's no
    need to wait for...
    Download WebTorrent Desktop
  • 4
    GenX
    GenX
    GenX is a scientific program to refine
    x-ray refelcetivity, neutron
    reflectivity and surface x-ray
    diffraction data using the differential
    evolution algorithm....
    Download GenX
  • 5
    pspp4windows
    pspp4windows
    PSPP is a program for statistical
    analysis of sampled data. It is a free
    replacement for the proprietary program
    SPSS. PSPP has both text-based and
    graphical us...
    Download pspp4windows
  • 6
    Git Extensions
    Git Extensions
    Git Extensions is a standalone UI tool
    for managing Git repositories. It also
    integrates with Windows Explorer and
    Microsoft Visual Studio
    (2015/2017/2019). Th...
    Download Git Extensions
  • More »

Linux commands

Ad