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cset - manage cpusets functions in the Linux kernel


cset [--version | --help | --tohex]
cset [help <command> | <command> --help]
cset [cset options] <command> [command options] [args]


In general, you need to have root permissions to run cset. The tool mounts the cpusets
filesystem and manipulates it. Non-root users do not have permission for these
Cset is a Python application to make using the cpusets facilities in the Linux kernel
easier. The actual included command is called cset and it allows manipulation of cpusets
on the system and provides higher level functions such as implementation and control of a
basic cpu shielding setup.

Typical uses of cset include
Setting up and managing a simple shielded CPU environment
The concept of shielded cpus is that a certain number of cpus are partitioned off on
the system and only processes that are of interest are run on these cpus (i.e., inside
the shield).

For a simple shielded configuration, one typically uses three cpusets: the root set, a
system set and a user set. Cset includes a super command that implements this strategy
and lets you easily manage it. See cset-shield(1) for more details.

Setting up and managing a complex shielding environment
Shielding can be more complex of course where concepts such as priority cpusets and
intersecting cpuset can be used. You can use cset to help manage this type of
shielding as well. You will need to use the cset-set(1) and cset-proc(1) subcommands
directly to do that.

Managing cpusets on the system
The cset subcommand cset-set(1) allows you to create and destroy arbitrary cpusets on
the system and assign arbitrary cpus and memory nodes to them. The cpusets so created
have to follow the Linux kernel cpuset rules. See the cset-set(1) subcommand for more

Managing processes that run on various system cpusets
The cset subcommand cset-proc(1) allows you to manage processes running on various
cpusets created on the system. You can exec new processes in specific cpusets and move
tasks around existing cpusets. See the cset-proc(1) subcommand for more details.


The following generic option flags are available. Additional options are available
per-command, and documented in the command-specific documentation.

cset --version
Display version information and exits.

cset --help
Prints the synopsis and a list of all commands.

cset --log <filename>
Creates a log file for the current run. All manner of useful information is stored in
this file. This is usually used to debug cset when things don’t go as planned.

cset --machine
Makes cset output information for all operations in a format that is machine readable
(i.e. easy to parse).

cset --tohex <CPUSPEC>
Converts a CPUSPEC (see cset-set(1) for definition) to a hexadecimal number and
outputs it. Useful for setting IRQ stub affinity to a cpuset definition.


The cset commands are divided into groups, according to the primary purpose of those
commands. Following is a short description of each command. A more detailed description is
available in individual command manpages. Those manpages are named cset-<command>(1). The
first command, help, is especially useful as it prints out a long summary of what a
particular command does.

cset help command
print out a lengthy summary of how the specified subcommand works

cset command --help
print out an extended synopsis of the specified subcommand

cset shield
supercommand to set up and manage basic shielding (see cset-shield(1))

cset set
create, modify and destroy cpusets (see cset-set(1))

cset proc
create and manage processes within cpusets (see cset-proc(1))


To create a persistent cpuset setup, i.e. one that survives a reboot, you need to create
the file /etc/init.d/cset. This distribuition of cset includes an example cset init.d file
found in /usr/share/doc/pacakges/cpuset which is called cset.init.d. You will need to
alter the file to your specifications and copy it to be the file /etc/init.d/cset. See the
comments in that file for more details.

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