EnglishFrenchSpanish

Ad


OnWorks favicon

cxref - Online in the Cloud

Run cxref in OnWorks free hosting provider over Ubuntu Online, Fedora Online, Windows online emulator or MAC OS online emulator

This is the command cxref that can be run in the OnWorks free hosting provider using one of our multiple free online workstations such as Ubuntu Online, Fedora Online, Windows online emulator or MAC OS online emulator

PROGRAM:

NAME


cxref - C Cross Referencing & Documenting tool.

SYNOPSIS


cxref filename [ ... filename] [-Odirname] [-Nbasename] [-Rbasename] [-all-comments]
[-no-comments] [-verbatim-comments] [-block-comments]
[-xref[-all][-file][-func][-var][-type]] [-warn[-all][-comment][-xref]]
[-index[-all][-file][-func][-var][-type]] [-raw] [-latex] [-html[-src]] [-rtf] [-sgml]
[-Idirname] [-Ddefine] [-Udefine] [-CPP cpp_program] [-- cpp_args ... cpp_args]

cxref filename [ ... filename] -delete [-Odirname] [-Nbasename] [-Rbasename]

DESCRIPTION


A program that can automatically generate documentation and cross references for a C
program.

The input is any C program with appropriate comments and the output is LaTeX, HTML, RTF or
SGML files.

OPTIONS


filename
The name of the file to document, any number of files may be documented at a time.

-delete
The files named are to be deleted from the output directory and their entries in
the cross reference database and main output files are to be removed.

-Odirname
The name of a directory to use for the output latex files and the location of the
cross reference files that are created.

-Nbasename
The name to use for the first part of the output and cross reference files instead
of cxref, the file extensions remain the same.

-Rdirname
When the source files are in more than one directory, set dirname to the name of
the root directory of the source tree (use relative path if easier e.g. `-R../..').
This will then run cxref from that root directory and the `-Odirname' must be
relative to that directory.

-all-comments
In case you think that the existing comments might work, (see above for description
of special comments). [Danger! This option can produce weird results.]

-no-comments
Ignores all comments, useful if you just want the cross references and not the
documentation.

-verbatim-comments
When the comments that you have in the code are formatted in a predetermined style
that you want to preserve on the output, this option will force them not to be
reformatted. [Note, this is for file and function comments only.]

-block-comments
When the comments in the program are formatted in the `block' style (with a leading
'*' character on every line), this option will remove that character from the
output. [Works for a single `*', `+', `|' or `:' on each line.]

-xref Produce cross referencing information (see below).
-all All cross references.
-file Cross references for files.
-func Cross references for functions.
-var Cross references for variables.
-type Cross references for types.

-warn Produce warnings, the options must be concatenated together:
-all All warnings.
-comment Warn of missing comments.
-xref Warn of missing cross references.

-index Produce a cross reference index, the options must be concatenated together:
-all All indexes.
-file Index of files.
-func Index of functions.
-var Index of variables.
-type Index of types.

-raw Produce a raw form of output, not really of much use except with -warn.

-latex Produce a LaTeX file to document each of the source files and also an extra file
that includes each of these files.

-html Produce an HTML 4.01 file to document each of the source files and a main file to
reference each of these files.

-html-src
Produce the HTML output and an HTML version of the source file with links into it.

-rtf Produce a Rich Text Format (RTF) file to document the source file.

-sgml Produce an SGML file to document the source file. (Using the LinuxDoc DTD).

-Idirname
GCC option to specify the path for include files.

-Ddefine
GCC option to define a pre-processor symbol.

-Udefine
GCC option to undefine a pre-processor symbol.

-CPP program
The name of the program to use instead of the compile time default. The program
must be able to perform all of the actions that `gcc -E -C -dD' does to work. If
the program takes arguments then the whole thing needs to be in quotes so that it
is interpreted as a single argument to cxref.

--arg ... arg
Extra arguments to be passed to the pre-processor can be placed after the `--'
separator.

C Compiler Replacement cxref-cc
To simplify using cxref on existing source code, there is now a shell script that will
call the C compiler and then call cxref to process the source file. This means that it
can be used as a drop in replacement for CC in Makefiles and the like.

Usage: cxref-cc [usual cc options]

The name of the source file is extracted from the list of options as well as the `-D*',
`-I*', `-U*' flags and when the C compiler exits succesfully cxref will be called. The
name of the C compiler to use is controlled by the CXREFCC environment variable, or if
this is not set then the CC environment variable, or failing this just gcc.

Using this script requires the use of a `.cxref' configuration file to contain the options
since there is nowhere to put the options on the command line for the C compiler.

This will only cross-reference and document the C source files since they are the only
ones that are compiled, but it will make sure that they are cross-referenced with the
correct options etc.

Cxref Configuration File
These command line arguments can also be put into a file named `.cxref' instead of on the
command line. When cxref is run the arguments to the program are interpreted in the
following order.

(1) Those on the command line. (2) Those in the `.cxref' file in the current directory.
(3) Those in the `.cxref' file in the source tree root specified by `-R'.

This means that in a multi-directory source tree, each sub-directory can have a `.cxref'
file containing just the line `-R..' or appropriate. The main directory can have a
`.cxref' file containing the remainder of the options. This removes completely the need
to have any options on the command line apart from the source file names.

The format of the `.cxref' file is any number of lines, each one containing a single
command line argument (equivalent to one of the argv). The only options that cannot be
used are the names of source files themselves and the `-delete' option. Blank lines are
ignored and lines starting with a '#' are comments.

Program Documentation Comments
The documentation for the program is produced from comments in the code that are
appropriately formatted. The cross referencing comes from the code itself and requires no
extra work.

The special comments are `/**** ****/' (for a file) and `/*++++ ++++*/' (for a data
object) any number of `*' or `+' can be used inside of the standard `/*' and `*/' comment
delimiters in the comments, they are ignored.

If a comment line starts with whitespace and is followed by `+html+' then the rest of the
line is included only in the HTML output, and is not processed so it can include HTML
markup, `-html-' means that the rest of the line is included in all except the HTML
output. The same also applies to the other output formats, `+none+' can be used for lines
not to appear in any output. The exception to this is that the raw output does not do any
checking and will output all lines.

In any situation where a comment follows a `,', `;' or `)' separated only by spaces and
tabs, the comment is pushed to before the punctuation to apply to object there.

The program is implemented using a full ANSI C grammar parser with some GCC extensions,
this means that the style of the code is unimportant, only the content and comments.

Cross Referencing
The cross referencing is performed for the following items

Files
The files that the current file is included in
(even when included via other files).

#includes
Files included in the current file.
Files included by these files etc.

Variables
The location of the definition of external variables.
The files that have visibility of global variables.
The files / functions that use the variable.

Functions
The file that the function is prototyped in.
The functions that the function calls.
The functions that call the function.
The files and functions that reference the function.
The variables that are used in the function.

Each of these items is cross referenced in the output.

The cross referencing uses files `cxref.variable', `cxref.function', `cxref.include' and
`cxref.typedef' in the output directory. These are a complete list of the function and
variable usage in the program and could be used to generate a function call hierarchy or
variable usage diagram for example. Two cxref passes of each file is needed, the first to
build up the cross referencing files and the second to use them.

(The file names are different if the `-N' option is used.)

LaTeX Output
The default LaTeX output is a file for each of the source files with one extra file
`cxref.tex' that includes each of the other files. This is to allow a makefile to only
update the changed files (although the references may require all of the files to be
checked again). When the cxref.tex file has been written it can be modified by the user,
any new files that are added are added at the end of the source code section, the rest of
the file being unchanged.

The index is written to a file called `cxref.apdx.tex' and cxref.tex is updated to refer
to it.

Also written out are three LaTeX style files `page.sty', `fonts.sty' and `cxref.sty'.
These set up the page to use a smaller margin and smaller fonts to allow more to appear on
a page and also define the new commands for typesetting the cxref output.

(The file names `cxref.tex' and `cxref.apdx.tex' are different if the `-N' option is
used.)

HTML Output
The default HTML output is a file for each of the source files with one extra file
`cxref.html' that includes each of the other files. This is to allow a makefile to only
update the changed files (although the references may require all of the files to be
checked again). When the cxref.html file has been written it can be modified by the user,
any new files that are added are added at the end before the table of contents, the rest
of the file being unchanged.

The index is written to a file called `cxref.apdx.html' and cxref.html is updated to refer
to it.

(The file names `cxref.html' and `cxref.apdx.html' are different if the `-N' option is
used.)

The HTML output uses the HTML 4.01 standard and all pages validate correctly.

RTF Output
Rich Text Format is a fairly low level page description format devised by Microsoft. It
is not a well defined and easy to understand standard as are the other formats, but it is
popular for document exchange.

There is a single output file for each of the source files and an index file.

SGML Output
Since SGML is a meta-language it is necessary to define the layout elements as well as
provide the information. The cxref output uses the LinuxDoc document format and is
designed for use with the SGMLtools programs (http://www.sgmltools.org/).

There is a single output file for each of the source files and an index file.

Use cxref online using onworks.net services


Free Servers & Workstations

Download Windows & Linux apps

Linux commands

Ad