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db5.3_load - Load data from standard input


db5.3_load [-nTV] [-c name=value] [-f file] [-h home] [-P password] [-t btree | hash |
queue | recno] file

db5.3_load [-r lsn | fileid] [-h home] [-P password] file


The db5.3_load utility reads from the standard input and loads it into the database file.
The database file is created if it does not already exist.

The input to db5.3_load must be in the output format specified by the db5.0_dump utility,
utilities, or as specified for the -T below.


-c Specify configuration options ignoring any value they may have based on the input.
The command-line format is name=value. See the Supported Keywords section below
for a list of keywords supported by the -c option.

-f Read from the specified input file instead of from the standard input.

-h Specify a home directory for the database environment.

If a home directory is specified, the database environment is opened using the
DB_ENV->open. (This means that db5.3_load can be used to load data into databases
while they are in use by other processes.) If the DB_ENV->open call fails, or if no
home directory is specified, the database is still updated, but the environment is
ignored; for example, no locking is done.

-n Do not overwrite existing keys in the database when loading into an already
existing database. If a key/data pair cannot be loaded into the database for this
reason, a warning message is displayed on the standard error output, and the
key/data pair are skipped.

-P Specify an environment password. Although Berkeley DB utilities overwrite password
strings as soon as possible, be aware there may be a window of vulnerability on
systems where unprivileged users can see command-line arguments or where utilities
are not able to overwrite the memory containing the command-line arguments.

-r Reset the database's file ID or log sequence numbers (LSNs).

All database pages in transactional environments contain references to the
environment's log records. In order to copy a database into a different database
environment, database page references to the old environment's log records must be
reset, otherwise data corruption can occur when the database is modified in the new
environment. The -r lsn option resets a database's log sequence numbers.

All databases contain an ID string used to identify the database in the database
environment cache. If a database is copied, and used in the same environment as
another file with the same ID string, corruption can occur. The -r fileid option
resets a database's file ID to a new value.

In both cases, the physical file specified by the file argument is modified in-

-T The -T option allows non-Berkeley DB applications to easily load text files into

If the database to be created is of type Btree or Hash, or the keyword keys is
specified as set, the input must be paired lines of text, where the first line of
the pair is the key item, and the second line of the pair is its corresponding data
item. If the database to be created is of type Queue or Recno and the keyword keys
is not set, the input must be lines of text, where each line is a new data item for
the database.

A simple escape mechanism, where newline and backslash (\) characters are special,
is applied to the text input. Newline characters are interpreted as record
separators. Backslash characters in the text will be interpreted in one of two
ways: If the backslash character precedes another backslash character, the pair
will be interpreted as a literal backslash. If the backslash character precedes
any other character, the two characters following the backslash will be interpreted
as a hexadecimal specification of a single character; for example, \0a is a newline
character in the ASCII character set.

For this reason, any backslash or newline characters that naturally occur in the
text input must be escaped to avoid misinterpretation by db5.3_load.

If the -T option is specified, the underlying access method type must be specified
using the -t option.

-t Specify the underlying access method. If no -t option is specified, the database
will be loaded into a database of the same type as was dumped; for example, a Hash
database will be created if a Hash database was dumped.

Btree and Hash databases may be converted from one to the other. Queue and Recno
databases may be converted from one to the other. If the -k option was specified
on the call to db5.3_dump then Queue and Recno databases may be converted to Btree
or Hash, with the key being the integer record number.

-V Write the library version number to the standard output, and exit.

The db5.3_load utility may be used with a Berkeley DB environment (as described for the -h
option, the environment variable DB_HOME, or because the utility was run in a directory
containing a Berkeley DB environment). In order to avoid environment corruption when
using a Berkeley DB environment, db5.3_load should always be given the chance to detach
from the environment and exit gracefully. To cause db5.3_load to release all environment
resources and exit cleanly, send it an interrupt signal (SIGINT).

The db5.3_load utility exits 0 on success, 1 if one or more key/data pairs were not loaded
into the database because the key already existed, and >1 if an error occurs.


The db5.3_load utility can be used to load text files into databases. For example, the
following command loads the standard UNIX /etc/passwd file into a database, with the login
name as the key item and the entire password entry as the data item:

awk -F: '{print $1; print $0}' < /etc/passwd |
sed 's/\\/\\\\/g' | db5.3_load -T -t hash passwd.db

Note that backslash characters naturally occurring in the text are escaped to avoid
interpretation as escape characters by db5.3_load.


If the -h option is not specified and the environment variable DB_HOME is set, it
is used as the path of the database home, as described in DB_ENV->open.


The following keywords are supported for the -c command-line ption to the db5.3_load
utility. See DB->open for further discussion of these keywords and what values should be

The parenthetical listing specifies how the value part of the name=value pair is
interpreted. Items listed as (boolean) expect value to be 1 (set) or 0 (unset). Items
listed as (number) convert value to a number. Items listed as (string) use the string
value without modification.

bt_minkey (number)
The minimum number of keys per page.

chksum (boolean)
Enable page checksums.

database (string)
The database to load.

db_lorder (number)
The byte order for integers in the stored database metadata.

db_pagesize (number)
The size of database pages, in bytes.

duplicates (boolean)
The value of the DB_DUP flag.

dupsort (boolean)
The value of the DB_DUPSORT flag.

extentsize (number)
The size of database extents, in pages, for Queue databases configured to use

h_ffactor (number)
The density within the Hash database.

h_nelem (number)
The size of the Hash database.

keys (boolean)
Specify whether keys are present for Queue or Recno databases.

re_len (number)
Specify fixed-length records of the specified length.

re_pad (string)
Specify the fixed-length record pad character.

recnum (boolean)
The value of the DB_RECNUM flag.

renumber (boolean)
The value of the DB_RENUMBER flag.

subdatabase (string)
The subdatabase to load.


Sleepycat Software, Inc. This manual page was created based on the HTML documentation for
db_load from Sleepycat, by Thijs Kinkhorst <[email protected]>, for the Debian system
(but may be used by others).

22 November 2009 DB5.3_LOAD(1)

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