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dbus-uuidgen - Utility to generate UUIDs


dbus-uuidgen [--version] [--ensure [=FILENAME]] [--get [=FILENAME]]


The dbus-uuidgen command generates or reads a universally unique ID.

Note that the D-Bus UUID has no relationship to RFC 4122 and does not generate UUIDs
compatible with that spec. Many systems have a separate command for that (often called

See http://www.freedesktop.org/software/dbus/ for more information about D-Bus.

The primary usage of dbus-uuidgen is to run in the post-install script of a D-Bus package
like this:

dbus-uuidgen --ensure

This will ensure that /var/lib/dbus/machine-id exists and has the uuid in it. It won't
overwrite an existing uuid, since this id should remain fixed for a single machine until
the next reboot at least.

The important properties of the machine UUID are that 1) it remains unchanged until the
next reboot and 2) it is different for any two running instances of the OS kernel. That
is, if two processes see the same UUID, they should also see the same shared memory, UNIX
domain sockets, local X displays, localhost.localdomain resolution, process IDs, and so

If you run dbus-uuidgen with no options it just prints a new uuid made up out of thin air.

If you run it with --get, it prints the machine UUID by default, or the UUID in the
specified file if you specify a file.

If you try to change an existing machine-id on a running system, it will probably result
in bad things happening. Don't try to change this file. Also, don't make it the same on
two different systems; it needs to be different anytime there are two different kernels

The UUID should be different on two different virtual machines, because there are two
different kernels.


The following options are supported:

If a filename is not given, defaults to localstatedir/lib/dbus/machine-id
(localstatedir is usually /var). If this file exists and is valid, the uuid in the
file is printed on stdout. Otherwise, the command exits with a nonzero status.

If a filename is not given, defaults to localstatedir/lib/dbus/machine-id
(localstatedir is usually /var). If this file exists then it will be validated, and a
failure code returned if it contains the wrong thing. If the file does not exist, it
will be created with a new uuid in it. On success, prints no output.

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