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dh_shlibdeps - calculate shared library dependencies


dh_shlibdeps [debhelper options] [-Lpackage] [-ldirectory] [-Xitem] [-- params]


dh_shlibdeps is a debhelper program that is responsible for calculating shared library
dependencies for packages.

This program is merely a wrapper around dpkg-shlibdeps(1) that calls it once for each
package listed in the control file, passing it a list of ELF executables and shared
libraries it has found.


-Xitem, --exclude=item
Exclude files that contain item anywhere in their filename from being passed to dpkg-
shlibdeps. This will make their dependencies be ignored. This may be useful in some
situations, but use it with caution. This option may be used more than once to exclude
more than one thing.

-- params
Pass params to dpkg-shlibdeps(1).

-uparams, --dpkg-shlibdeps-params=params
This is another way to pass params to dpkg-shlibdeps(1). It is deprecated; use --

-ldirectory[:directory ...]
With recent versions of dpkg-shlibdeps, this option is generally not needed.

It tells dpkg-shlibdeps (via its -l parameter), to look for private package libraries
in the specified directory (or directories -- separate with colons). With recent
versions of dpkg-shlibdeps, this is mostly only useful for packages that build
multiple flavors of the same library, or other situations where the library is
installed into a directory not on the regular library search path.

-Lpackage, --libpackage=package
With recent versions of dpkg-shlibdeps, this option is generally not needed, unless
your package builds multiple flavors of the same library.

It tells dpkg-shlibdeps (via its -S parameter) to look first in the package build
directory for the specified package, when searching for libraries, symbol files, and
shlibs files.

If needed, this can be passed multiple times with different package names.


Suppose that your source package produces libfoo1, libfoo-dev, and libfoo-bin binary
packages. libfoo-bin links against libfoo1, and should depend on it. In your rules file,
first run dh_makeshlibs, then dh_shlibdeps:


This will have the effect of generating automatically a shlibs file for libfoo1, and using
that file and the libfoo1 library in the debian/libfoo1/usr/lib directory to calculate
shared library dependency information.

If a libbar1 package is also produced, that is an alternate build of libfoo, and is
installed into /usr/lib/bar/, you can make libfoo-bin depend on libbar1 as follows:

dh_shlibdeps -Llibbar1 -l/usr/lib/bar

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