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doveadm-pw - Dovecot's password hash generator


doveadm [-Dv] pw -l
doveadm [-Dv] pw [-p password] [-r rounds] [-s scheme] [-u user] [-V]
doveadm [-Dv] pw -t hash [-p password] [-u user]


doveadm pw is used to generate password hashes for different password schemes and
optionally verify the generated hash.

All generated password hashes have a {scheme} prefix, for example {SHA512-CRYPT.HEX}. All
passdbs have a default scheme for passwords stored without the {scheme} prefix. The
default scheme can be overridden by storing the password with the scheme prefix.


Global doveadm(1) options:

-D Enables verbosity and debug messages.

-o setting=value
Overrides the configuration setting from /etc/dovecot/dovecot.conf and from the
userdb with the given value. In order to override multiple settings, the -o option
may be specified multiple times.

-v Enables verbosity, including progress counter.

Command specific options:

-l List all supported password schemes and exit successfully.
There are up to three optional password schemes: BLF-CRYPT (Blowfish crypt),
SHA256-CRYPT and SHA512-CRYPT. Their availability depends on the system's
currently used libc.

-p password
The plain text password for which the hash should be generated. If no password was
given doveadm(1) will prompt interactively for one.

-r rounds
The password schemes BLF-CRYPT, SHA256-CRYPT and SHA512-CRYPT supports a variable
number of encryption rounds. The following table shows the minimum/maximum number
of encryption rounds per scheme. When the -r option was omitted the default number
of encryption rounds will be applied.

Scheme | Minimum | Maximum | Default
BLF-CRYPT | 4 | 31 | 5
SHA256-CRYPT | 1000 | 999999999 | 5000
SHA512-CRYPT | 1000 | 999999999 | 5000

-s scheme
The password scheme which should be used to generate the hashed password. By
default the CRAM-MD5 scheme will be used. It is also possible to append an
encoding suffix to the scheme. Supported encoding suffixes are: .b64, .base64 and
See also http://wiki2.dovecot.org/Authentication/PasswordSchemes for more details
about password schemes.

-t hash
Test if the given password hash matches a given plain text password. You should
enclose the password hash in single quotes, if it contains one or more dollar signs
($). The plain text password may be passed using the -p option. When no password
was specified, doveadm(1) will prompt interactively for one.

-u user
When the DIGEST-MD5 scheme is used, also the user name must be given, because the
user name is a part of the generated hash. For more information about Digest-MD5
please read also: http://wiki2.dovecot.org/Authentication/Mechanisms/DigestMD5

-V When this option is given, the hashed password will be internally verified. The
result of the verification will be shown after the hashed password, enclosed in


The first password hash is a DIGEST-MD5 hash for [email protected]. The second
password hash is a CRAM-MD5 hash for [email protected].

doveadm pw -s digest-md5 -u [email protected]
Enter new password:
Retype new password:
doveadm pw
Enter new password:
Retype new password:


Report bugs, including doveconf -n output, to the Dovecot Mailing List
<[email protected]>. Information about reporting bugs is available at:

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