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doveadm-user - Perform a user lookup in Dovecot's userdbs


doveadm [-Dv] user [-a userdb_socket_path] [-f field] [-u] [-x auth_info] user ...


The user command is used to perform a user lookup - to show what information Dovecot sees
about the user(s), or if it exists at all in the configured userdb(s).

The auth_info may be useful when the userdb is for example a SQL database and you are
using %variables, like %s or %l, in the user_query setting. Or when you have configured
the userdb in a way like this:

userdb {
driver = passwd-file
args = /etc/%s.passwd


Global doveadm(1) options:

-D Enables verbosity and debug messages.

-o setting=value
Overrides the configuration setting from /etc/dovecot/dovecot.conf and from the
userdb with the given value. In order to override multiple settings, the -o option
may be specified multiple times.

-v Enables verbosity, including progress counter.

Command specific options:

-a userdb_socket_path
This option is used to specify an absolute path to an alternative UNIX domain

By default doveadm(1) will use the socket /var/run/dovecot/auth-userdb. The socket
may be located in another directory, when the default base_dir setting was
overridden in /etc/dovecot/dovecot.conf.

-f field
When this option and the name of a userdb field is given, doveadm(1) will show only
the value of the specified field.

-u When this option is given, doveadm(1) will only show values from the userdb.
Without -u parameter if any of the uid, gid, home or mail fields are missing, their
defaults are taken from configuration file.

-x auth_info
auth_info specifies additional conditions for the user command. The auth_info
option string has to be given as name=value pair. For multiple conditions the -x
option could be supplied multiple times.
Possible names for the auth_info are:

The service for which the userdb lookup should be tested. The value may be
the name of a service, commonly used with Dovecot. For example: imap,
pop3 or smtp.

lip The local IP address (server) for the test.

rip The remote IP address (client) for the test.

lport The local port, e.g. 143

rport The remote port, e.g. 24567


user Is a user's login name. Depending on the configuration, a login name may be for
example jane or [email protected]. It's also possible to use '*' and '?' wildcards
(e.g. -u *@example.org).


Perform a user lookup for the users jane and [email protected].

doveadm user jane [email protected]
userdb: jane
uid : 8001
gid : 8001
home : /home/jane
mail : sdbox:~/sdbox
plugins : sieve
quota_rule: *:storage=150M

userdb: [email protected]
home : /srv/mail/8/70312/79832
uid : 79832
gid : 70312
mail : mdbox:~/mdbox

The next example shows a user lookup, using wildcards.

doveadm user *.?[email protected]
[email protected]
[email protected]
[email protected]


Report bugs, including doveconf -n output, to the Dovecot Mailing List
<[email protected]>. Information about reporting bugs is available at:

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