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funcone - cone search of a binary table containing RA, Dec columns
funcone <switches> <iname> <oname> <ra[hdr]> <dec[hdr]> <radius[dr'"]> [columns]
-d deccol:[hdr] # Dec column name, units (def: DEC:d)
-j # join columns from list file
-J # join columns from list file, output all rows
-l listfile # read centers and radii from a list
-L listfile # read centers and radii from a list, output list rows
-n # don't use cone limits as a filter
-r racol:[hdr] # RA column name, units (def: RA:h)
-x # append RA_CEN, DEC_CEN, RAD_CEN, CONE_KEY cols
-X # append RA_CEN, DEC_CEN, RAD_CEN, CONE_KEY cols, output all rows
Funcone performs a cone search on the RA and Dec columns of a FITS binary table. The
distance from the center RA, Dec position to the RA, Dec in each row in the table is
calculated. Rows whose distance is less than the specified radius are output.
The first argument to the program specifies the FITS file, raw event file, or raw array
file. If "stdin" is specified, data are read from the standard input. Use Funtools
Bracket Notation to specify FITS extensions, and filters. The second argument is the
output FITS file. If "stdout" is specified, the FITS binary table is written to the
The third and fourth required arguments are the RA and Dec center position. By default,
RA is specified in hours while Dec is specified in degrees. You can change the units of
either of these by appending the character "d" (degrees), "h" (hours) or "r" (radians).
Sexagesimal notation is supported, with colons or spaces separating hms and dms. (When
using spaces, please ensure that the entire string is quoted.)
The fifth required argument is the radius of the cone search. By default, the radius value
is given in degrees. The units can be changed by appending the character "d" (degrees),
"r" (radians), "'" (arc minutes) or '"' (arc seconds).
By default, all columns of the input file are copied to the output file. Selected columns
can be output using an optional sixth argument in the form:
"column1 column1 ... columnN"
A seventh argument allows you to output selected columns from the list file when -j switch
is used. Note that the RA and Dec columns used in the cone calculation must not be
Also by default, the RA and Dec column names are named "RA" and "Dec", and are given in
units of hours and degrees respectively. You can change both the name and the units using
the -r [RA] and/or -d [Dec] switches. Once again, one of "h", "d", or "r" is appended to
the column name to specify units but in this case, there must be a colon ":" between the
name and the unit specification.
If the -l [listfile] switch is used, then one or more of the center RA, center Dec, and
radius can be taken from a list file (which can be a FITS table or an ASCII column text
file). In this case, the third (center RA), fourth (center Dec), and fifth (radius)
command line arguments can either be a column name in the list file (if that parameter
varies) or else a numeric value (if that parameter is static). When a column name is
specified for the RA, Dec, or radius, you can append a colon followed by "h", "d", or "r"
to specify units (also ' and " for radius). The cone search algorithm is run once for each
row in the list, taking RA, Dec, and radius values from the specified columns or from
static numeric values specified on the command line.
When using a list, all valid rows from each iteration are written to a single output file.
Use the -x switch to help delineate which line of the list file was used to produce the
given output row(s). This switch causes the values for the center RA, Dec, radius, and
row number to be appended to the output file, in columns called RA_CEN, DEC_CEN, RAD_CEN
and CONE_KEY, respectively. Alternatively, the -j (join) switch will append all columns
from the list row to the output row (essentially a join of the list row and input row),
along with the CONE_KEY row number. These two switches are mutually exclusive.
The -X and -J switches write out the same data as their lower case counterparts for each
row satisfying a cone search. In addition, these switches also write out rows from the
event file that do not satisfy any cone search. In such cases, that CONE_KEY column will
be given a value of -1 and the center and list position information will be set to zero
for the given row. Thus, all rows of the input event file are guaranteed to be output,
with rows satisfying at least one cone search having additional search information.
The -L switch acts similarly to the -l switch in that it takes centers from a list file.
However, it also implicitly sets the -j switch, so that output rows are the join of the
input event row and the center position row. In addition, this switch also writes out all
center position rows for which no event satisfies the cone search criteria of that row.
The CONE_KEY column will be given a value of -2 for center rows that were not close to any
data row and the event columns will be zeroed out for such rows. In this way, all centers
rows are guaranteed to be output at least once.
If any of "all row" switches (-X, -J, or -L) are specified, then a new column named JSTAT
is added to the output table. The positive values in this column indicate the center
position row number (starting from 1) in the list file that this data row successful
matched in a cone search. A value of -1 means that the data row did not match any center
position. A value of -2 means that the center position was not matched by any data row.
Given a center position and radius, the cone search algorithm calculates limit parameters
for a box enclosing the specified cone, and only tests rows whose positions values lie
within those limits. For small files, the overhead associated with this cone limit
filtering can cause the program to run more slowly than if all events were tested. You can
turn off cone limit filtering using the -n switch to see if this speeds up the processing
(especially useful when processing a large list of positions).
For example, the default cone search uses columns "RA" and "Dec" in hours and degrees
(respectively) and RA position in hours, Dec and radius in degrees:
funone in.fits out.fits 23.45 34.56 0.01
To specify the RA position in degrees:
funcone in.fits out.fits 23.45d 34.56 0.01
To get RA and Dec from a list but use a static value for radius (and also write
identifying info for each row in the list):
funcone -x -l list.txt in.fits out.fits MYRA MYDec 0.01
User specified columns in degrees, RA position in hours (sexagesimal notation), Dec
position in degrees (sexagesimal notation) and radius in arc minutes:
funcone -r myRa:d -d myDec in.fits out.fits 12:30:15.5 30:12 15'
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