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git-revert - Revert some existing commits


git revert [--[no-]edit] [-n] [-m parent-number] [-s] [-S[<keyid>]] <commit>...
git revert --continue
git revert --quit
git revert --abort


Given one or more existing commits, revert the changes that the related patches introduce,
and record some new commits that record them. This requires your working tree to be clean
(no modifications from the HEAD commit).

Note: git revert is used to record some new commits to reverse the effect of some earlier
commits (often only a faulty one). If you want to throw away all uncommitted changes in
your working directory, you should see git-reset(1), particularly the --hard option. If
you want to extract specific files as they were in another commit, you should see git-
checkout(1), specifically the git checkout <commit> -- <filename> syntax. Take care with
these alternatives as both will discard uncommitted changes in your working directory.


Commits to revert. For a more complete list of ways to spell commit names, see
gitrevisions(7). Sets of commits can also be given but no traversal is done by
default, see git-rev-list(1) and its --no-walk option.

-e, --edit
With this option, git revert will let you edit the commit message prior to committing
the revert. This is the default if you run the command from a terminal.

-m parent-number, --mainline parent-number
Usually you cannot revert a merge because you do not know which side of the merge
should be considered the mainline. This option specifies the parent number (starting
from 1) of the mainline and allows revert to reverse the change relative to the
specified parent.

Reverting a merge commit declares that you will never want the tree changes brought in
by the merge. As a result, later merges will only bring in tree changes introduced by
commits that are not ancestors of the previously reverted merge. This may or may not
be what you want.

See the revert-a-faulty-merge How-To[1] for more details.

With this option, git revert will not start the commit message editor.

-n, --no-commit
Usually the command automatically creates some commits with commit log messages
stating which commits were reverted. This flag applies the changes necessary to revert
the named commits to your working tree and the index, but does not make the commits.
In addition, when this option is used, your index does not have to match the HEAD
commit. The revert is done against the beginning state of your index.

This is useful when reverting more than one commits' effect to your index in a row.

-S[<keyid>], --gpg-sign[=<keyid>]
GPG-sign commits. The keyid argument is optional and defaults to the committer
identity; if specified, it must be stuck to the option without a space.

-s, --signoff
Add Signed-off-by line at the end of the commit message. See the signoff option in
git-commit(1) for more information.

Use the given merge strategy. Should only be used once. See the MERGE STRATEGIES
section in git-merge(1) for details.

-X<option>, --strategy-option=<option>
Pass the merge strategy-specific option through to the merge strategy. See git-
merge(1) for details.


Continue the operation in progress using the information in .git/sequencer. Can be
used to continue after resolving conflicts in a failed cherry-pick or revert.

Forget about the current operation in progress. Can be used to clear the sequencer
state after a failed cherry-pick or revert.

Cancel the operation and return to the pre-sequence state.


git revert HEAD~3
Revert the changes specified by the fourth last commit in HEAD and create a new commit
with the reverted changes.

git revert -n master~5..master~2
Revert the changes done by commits from the fifth last commit in master (included) to
the third last commit in master (included), but do not create any commit with the
reverted changes. The revert only modifies the working tree and the index.

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