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git-status - Show the working tree status


git status [<options>...] [--] [<pathspec>...]


Displays paths that have differences between the index file and the current HEAD commit,
paths that have differences between the working tree and the index file, and paths in the
working tree that are not tracked by Git (and are not ignored by gitignore(5)). The first
are what you would commit by running git commit; the second and third are what you could
commit by running git add before running git commit.


-s, --short
Give the output in the short-format.

-b, --branch
Show the branch and tracking info even in short-format.

Give the output in an easy-to-parse format for scripts. This is similar to the short
output, but will remain stable across Git versions and regardless of user
configuration. See below for details.

Give the output in the long-format. This is the default.

-v, --verbose
In addition to the names of files that have been changed, also show the textual
changes that are staged to be committed (i.e., like the output of git diff --cached).
If -v is specified twice, then also show the changes in the working tree that have not
yet been staged (i.e., like the output of git diff).

-u[<mode>], --untracked-files[=<mode>]
Show untracked files.

The mode parameter is used to specify the handling of untracked files. It is optional:
it defaults to all, and if specified, it must be stuck to the option (e.g. -uno, but
not -u no).

The possible options are:

· no - Show no untracked files.

· normal - Shows untracked files and directories.

· all - Also shows individual files in untracked directories.

When -u option is not used, untracked files and directories are shown (i.e. the
same as specifying normal), to help you avoid forgetting to add newly created
files. Because it takes extra work to find untracked files in the filesystem, this
mode may take some time in a large working tree. Consider enabling untracked cache
and split index if supported (see git update-index --untracked-cache and git
update-index --split-index), Otherwise you can use no to have git status return
more quickly without showing untracked files.

The default can be changed using the status.showUntrackedFiles configuration
variable documented in git-config(1).

Ignore changes to submodules when looking for changes. <when> can be either "none",
"untracked", "dirty" or "all", which is the default. Using "none" will consider the
submodule modified when it either contains untracked or modified files or its HEAD
differs from the commit recorded in the superproject and can be used to override any
settings of the ignore option in git-config(1) or gitmodules(5). When "untracked" is
used submodules are not considered dirty when they only contain untracked content (but
they are still scanned for modified content). Using "dirty" ignores all changes to the
work tree of submodules, only changes to the commits stored in the superproject are
shown (this was the behavior before 1.7.0). Using "all" hides all changes to
submodules (and suppresses the output of submodule summaries when the config option
status.submoduleSummary is set).

Show ignored files as well.

Terminate entries with NUL, instead of LF. This implies the --porcelain output format
if no other format is given.

--column[=<options>], --no-column
Display untracked files in columns. See configuration variable column.status for
option syntax.--column and --no-column without options are equivalent to always and
never respectively.


The output from this command is designed to be used as a commit template comment. The
default, long format, is designed to be human readable, verbose and descriptive. Its
contents and format are subject to change at any time.

The paths mentioned in the output, unlike many other Git commands, are made relative to
the current directory if you are working in a subdirectory (this is on purpose, to help
cutting and pasting). See the status.relativePaths config option below.

Short Format
In the short-format, the status of each path is shown as


where PATH1 is the path in the HEAD, and the " -> PATH2" part is shown only when PATH1
corresponds to a different path in the index/worktree (i.e. the file is renamed). The XY
is a two-letter status code.

The fields (including the ->) are separated from each other by a single space. If a
filename contains whitespace or other nonprintable characters, that field will be quoted
in the manner of a C string literal: surrounded by ASCII double quote (34) characters, and
with interior special characters backslash-escaped.

For paths with merge conflicts, X and Y show the modification states of each side of the
merge. For paths that do not have merge conflicts, X shows the status of the index, and Y
shows the status of the work tree. For untracked paths, XY are ??. Other status codes can
be interpreted as follows:

· ' ' = unmodified

· M = modified

· A = added

· D = deleted

· R = renamed

· C = copied

· U = updated but unmerged

Ignored files are not listed, unless --ignored option is in effect, in which case XY are

X Y Meaning
[MD] not updated
M [ MD] updated in index
A [ MD] added to index
D [ M] deleted from index
R [ MD] renamed in index
C [ MD] copied in index
[MARC] index and work tree matches
[ MARC] M work tree changed since index
[ MARC] D deleted in work tree
D D unmerged, both deleted
A U unmerged, added by us
U D unmerged, deleted by them
U A unmerged, added by them
D U unmerged, deleted by us
A A unmerged, both added
U U unmerged, both modified
? ? untracked
! ! ignored

If -b is used the short-format status is preceded by a line

## branchname tracking info

Porcelain Format
The porcelain format is similar to the short format, but is guaranteed not to change in a
backwards-incompatible way between Git versions or based on user configuration. This makes
it ideal for parsing by scripts. The description of the short format above also describes
the porcelain format, with a few exceptions:

1. The user’s color.status configuration is not respected; color will always be off.

2. The user’s status.relativePaths configuration is not respected; paths shown will
always be relative to the repository root.

There is also an alternate -z format recommended for machine parsing. In that format, the
status field is the same, but some other things change. First, the -> is omitted from
rename entries and the field order is reversed (e.g from -> to becomes to from). Second, a
NUL (ASCII 0) follows each filename, replacing space as a field separator and the
terminating newline (but a space still separates the status field from the first
filename). Third, filenames containing special characters are not specially formatted; no
quoting or backslash-escaping is performed.


The command honors color.status (or status.color — they mean the same thing and the latter
is kept for backward compatibility) and color.status.<slot> configuration variables to
colorize its output.

If the config variable status.relativePaths is set to false, then all paths shown are
relative to the repository root, not to the current directory.

If status.submoduleSummary is set to a non zero number or true (identical to -1 or an
unlimited number), the submodule summary will be enabled for the long format and a summary
of commits for modified submodules will be shown (see --summary-limit option of git-
submodule(1)). Please note that the summary output from the status command will be
suppressed for all submodules when diff.ignoreSubmodules is set to all or only for those
submodules where submodule.<name>.ignore=all. To also view the summary for ignored
submodules you can either use the --ignore-submodules=dirty command line option or the git
submodule summary command, which shows a similar output but does not honor these settings.

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