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ipa - Online in the Cloud

Run ipa in OnWorks free hosting provider over Ubuntu Online, Fedora Online, Windows online emulator or MAC OS online emulator

This is the command ipa that can be run in the OnWorks free hosting provider using one of our multiple free online workstations such as Ubuntu Online, Fedora Online, Windows online emulator or MAC OS online emulator

PROGRAM:

NAME


ipa - IPA command-line interface

SYNOPSIS


ipa [options] [-c FILE] [-e KEY=VAL] COMMAND [parameters]

DESCRIPTION


IPA is an integrated security information management solution based on 389 Directory
Server (formerly know as Fedora Directory Server), MIT Kerberos, Dogtag Certificate
System, NTP and DNS. It includes a web interface and command-line administration tools for
managing identity data.

This manual page focuses on the ipa script that serves as the main command-line interface
(CLI) for IPA administration.

More information about the project is available on its homepage located at
http://www.freeipa.org.

OPTIONS


-c FILE
Load configuration from FILE.

-d, --debug
Produce full debugging output.

--delegate
Delegate the user's TGT to the IPA server

-e KEY=VAL
Set environmental variable KEY to the value VAL. This option overrides
configuration files.

-h, --help
Display a help message with a list of options.

-n, --no-prompt
Don't prompt for any parameters of COMMAND, even if they are required.

-a, --prompt-all
Prompt for all parameters of COMMAND, even if they are optional.

-f, --no-fallback
Don't fall back to other IPA servers if the default doesn't work.

-v, --verbose
Produce verbose output. A second -v pretty-prints the JSON request and response. A
third -v displays the HTTP request and response.

--version
Display the IPA version and API version.

COMMANDS


The principal function of the CLI is to execute administrative commands specified by the
COMMAND argument. The majority of commands are executed remotely over XML-RPC on a IPA
server listed in the configuration file (see FILES section of this manual page).

From the implementation perspective, the CLI distinguishes two types of commands -
built-ins and plugin provided.

Built-in commands are static and are all available in all installations of IPA. There are
two of them:

console
Start the IPA interactive Python console.

help [TOPIC | COMMAND | topics | commands]
Display help for a command or topic.

The help command invokes the built-in documentation system. Without parameters a
list of built-in commands and help topics is displayed. Help topics are generated
from loaded IPA plugin modules. Executing help with the name of an available topic
displays a help message provided by the corresponding plugin module and list of
commands it contains.

Plugin provided commands, as the name suggests, originate from IPA plugin modules. The
available set may vary depending on your configuration and can be listed using the
built-in help command (see above).

Most plugin provided commands are tied to a certain type of IPA object. IPA objects
encompass common abstractions such as users (user identities/accounts), hosts (machine
identities), services, password policies, etc. Commands associated with an object are
easily identified thanks to the enforced naming convention; the command names are composed
of two parts separated with a dash: the name of the corresponding IPA object type and the
name of action performed on it. For example all commands used to manage user identities
start with "user-" (e.g. user-add, user-del).

The following actions are available for most IPA object types:

add [PRIMARYKEY] [options]
Create a new object.

show [PRIMARYKEY] [options]
Display an existing object.

mod [PRIMARYKEY] [options]
Modify an existing object.

del [PRIMARYKEY]
Delete an existing object.

find [CRITERIA] [options]
Search for existing objects.

The above types of commands except find take the objects primary key (e.g. user name for
users) as their only positional argument unless there can be only one object of the given
type. They can also take a number of options (some of which might be required in the case
of add) that represent the objects attributes.

find commands take an optional criteria string as their only positional argument. If
present, all objects with an attribute that contains the criteria string are displayed. If
an option representing an attribute is set, only object with the attribute exactly
matching the specified value are displayed. Options with empty values are ignored. Without
parameters all objects of the corresponding type are displayed.

For IPA objects with attributes that can contain references to other objects (e.g.
groups), the following action are usually available:

add-member [PRIMARYKEY] [options]
Add references to other objects.

remove-member [PRIMARYKEY] [options]
Remove references to other objects.

The above types of commands take the objects primary key as their only positional argument
unless there can be only one object of the given type. They also take a number of options
that represent lists of other object primary keys. Each of these options represent one
type of object.

For some types of objects, these commands might need to take more than one primary key.
This applies to IPA objects organized in hierarchies where the parent object needs to be
identified first. Parent primary keys are always aligned to the left (higher in the
hierarchy = more to the left). For example the automount IPA plugin enables users to
manage automount maps per location, as a result all automount commands take an
automountlocation primary key as their first positional argument.

All commands that display objects have three special options for controlling output:

--all Display all attributes. Without this option only the most relevant attributes are
displayed.

--raw Display objects as they are stored in the backing store. Disables formatting and
attribute labels.

--rights
Display effective rights on all attributes of the entry. You also have to specify
--all for this to work. User rights are returned as Python dictionary where index
is the name of an attribute and value is a unicode string composed (hence the
u'xxxx' format) of letters specified below. Note that user rights are primarily
used for internal purposes of CLI and WebUI.

r - read
s - search
w - write
o - obliterate (delete)
c - compare
W - self-write
O - self-obliterate

EXAMPLES


ipa help commands
Display a list of available commands ipa help topics Display a high-level list of
help topics ipa help user Display documentation and list of commands in the "user"
topic.

ipa env
List IPA environmental variables and their values.

ipa user-add foo --first foo --last bar
Create a new user with username "foo", first name "foo" and last name "bar".

ipa group-add bar --desc "this is an example group"
Create a new group with name "bar" and description "this is an example group".

ipa group-add-member bar --users=foo
Add user "foo" to the group "bar".

ipa group-add-member bar --users={admin,foo}
Add users "admin" and "foo" to the group "bar". This approach depends on shell
expansion feature.

ipa user-show foo --raw
Display user "foo" as (s)he is stored on the server.

ipa group-show bar --all
Display group "bar" and all of its attributes.

ipa config-mod --maxusername 20
Set maximum user name length to 20 characters.

ipa user-find foo
Search for all users with "foo" in either uid, first name, last name, full name,
etc. A user with uid "foobar" would match the search criteria.

ipa user-find foo --first bar
Same as the previous example, except this time the users first name has to be
exactly "bar". A user with uid "foobar" and first name "bar" would match the search
criteria.

ipa user-find foo --first bar --last foo
A user with uid "foobar", first name "bar" and last name "foo" would match the
search criteria.

ipa user-find --uuid 936407bd-da9b-11de-9abd-54520012e7cd
Only the user with the specified IPA unique ID would match the search criteria.

ipa user-find
All users would match the search criteria (as there are none).

SERVERS


The ipa client will determine which server to connect to in this order:

1. The server configured in /etc/ipa/default.conf in the xmlrpc_uri directive.

2. An unordered list of servers from the ldap DNS SRV records.

If a kerberos error is raised by any of the requests then it will stop processing and
display the error message.

Use ipa online using onworks.net services


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