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PROGRAM:

NAME


pt-mysql-summary - Summarize MySQL information nicely.

SYNOPSIS


Usage: pt-mysql-summary [OPTIONS]

pt-mysql-summary conveniently summarizes the status and configuration of a MySQL database
server so that you can learn about it at a glance. It is not a tuning tool or diagnosis
tool. It produces a report that is easy to diff and can be pasted into emails without
losing the formatting. It should work well on any modern UNIX systems.

RISKS


Percona Toolkit is mature, proven in the real world, and well tested, but all database
tools can pose a risk to the system and the database server. Before using this tool,
please:

· Read the tool's documentation

· Review the tool's known "BUGS"

· Test the tool on a non-production server

· Backup your production server and verify the backups

DESCRIPTION


pt-mysql-summary works by connecting to a MySQL database server and querying it for status
and configuration information. It saves these bits of data into files in a temporary
directory, and then formats them neatly with awk and other scripting languages.

To use, simply execute it. Optionally add a double dash and then the same command-line
options you would use to connect to MySQL, such as the following:

pt-mysql-summary --user=root

The tool interacts minimally with the server upon which it runs. It assumes that you'll
run it on the same server you're inspecting, and therefore it assumes that it will be able
to find the my.cnf configuration file, for example. However, it should degrade gracefully
if this is not the case. Note, however, that its output does not indicate which
information comes from the MySQL database and which comes from the host operating system,
so it is possible for confusing output to be generated if you run the tool on one server
and connect to a MySQL database server running on another server.

OUTPUT


Many of the outputs from this tool are deliberately rounded to show their magnitude but
not the exact detail. This is called fuzzy-rounding. The idea is that it does not matter
whether a server is running 918 queries per second or 921 queries per second; such a small
variation is insignificant, and only makes the output hard to compare to other servers.
Fuzzy-rounding rounds in larger increments as the input grows. It begins by rounding to
the nearest 5, then the nearest 10, nearest 25, and then repeats by a factor of 10 larger
(50, 100, 250), and so on, as the input grows.

The following is a sample of the report that the tool produces:

# Percona Toolkit MySQL Summary Report #######################
System time | 2012-03-30 18:46:05 UTC
(local TZ: EDT -0400)
# Instances ##################################################
Port Data Directory Nice OOM Socket
===== ========================== ==== === ======
12345 /tmp/12345/data 0 0 /tmp/12345.sock
12346 /tmp/12346/data 0 0 /tmp/12346.sock
12347 /tmp/12347/data 0 0 /tmp/12347.sock

The first two sections show which server the report was generated on and which MySQL
instances are running on the server. This is detected from the output of "ps" and does not
always detect all instances and parameters, but often works well. From this point
forward, the report will be focused on a single MySQL instance, although several instances
may appear in the above paragraph.

# Report On Port 12345 #######################################
User | msandbox@%
Time | 2012-03-30 14:46:05 (EDT)
Hostname | localhost.localdomain
Version | 5.5.20-log MySQL Community Server (GPL)
Built On | linux2.6 i686
Started | 2012-03-28 23:33 (up 1+15:12:09)
Databases | 4
Datadir | /tmp/12345/data/
Processes | 2 connected, 2 running
Replication | Is not a slave, has 1 slaves connected
Pidfile | /tmp/12345/data/12345.pid (exists)

This section is a quick summary of the MySQL instance: version, uptime, and other very
basic parameters. The Time output is generated from the MySQL server, unlike the system
date and time printed earlier, so you can see whether the database and operating system
times match.

# Processlist ################################################

Command COUNT(*) Working SUM(Time) MAX(Time)
------------------------------ -------- ------- --------- ---------
Binlog Dump 1 1 150000 150000
Query 1 1 0 0

User COUNT(*) Working SUM(Time) MAX(Time)
------------------------------ -------- ------- --------- ---------
msandbox 2 2 150000 150000

Host COUNT(*) Working SUM(Time) MAX(Time)
------------------------------ -------- ------- --------- ---------
localhost 2 2 150000 150000

db COUNT(*) Working SUM(Time) MAX(Time)
------------------------------ -------- ------- --------- ---------
NULL 2 2 150000 150000

State COUNT(*) Working SUM(Time) MAX(Time)
------------------------------ -------- ------- --------- ---------
Master has sent all binlog to 1 1 150000 150000
NULL 1 1 0 0

This section is a summary of the output from SHOW PROCESSLIST. Each sub-section is
aggregated by a different item, which is shown as the first column heading. When
summarized by Command, every row in SHOW PROCESSLIST is included, but otherwise, rows
whose Command is Sleep are excluded from the SUM and MAX columns, so they do not skew the
numbers too much. In the example shown, the server is idle except for this tool itself,
and one connected replica, which is executing Binlog Dump.

The columns are the number of rows included, the number that are not in Sleep status, the
sum of the Time column, and the maximum Time column. The numbers are fuzzy-rounded.

# Status Counters (Wait 10 Seconds) ##########################
Variable Per day Per second 10 secs
Binlog_cache_disk_use 4
Binlog_cache_use 80
Bytes_received 15000000 175 200
Bytes_sent 15000000 175 2000
Com_admin_commands 1
...................(many lines omitted)............................
Threads_created 40 1
Uptime 90000 1 1

This section shows selected counters from two snapshots of SHOW GLOBAL STATUS, gathered
approximately 10 seconds apart and fuzzy-rounded. It includes only items that are
incrementing counters; it does not include absolute numbers such as the Threads_running
status variable, which represents a current value, rather than an accumulated number over
time.

The first column is the variable name, and the second column is the counter from the first
snapshot divided by 86400 (the number of seconds in a day), so you can see the magnitude
of the counter's change per day. 86400 fuzzy-rounds to 90000, so the Uptime counter should
always be about 90000.

The third column is the value from the first snapshot, divided by Uptime and then fuzzy-
rounded, so it represents approximately how quickly the counter is growing per-second over
the uptime of the server.

The third column is the incremental difference from the first and second snapshot, divided
by the difference in uptime and then fuzzy-rounded. Therefore, it shows how quickly the
counter is growing per second at the time the report was generated.

# Table cache ################################################
Size | 400
Usage | 15%

This section shows the size of the table cache, followed by the percentage of the table
cache in use. The usage is fuzzy-rounded.

# Key Percona Server features ################################
Table & Index Stats | Not Supported
Multiple I/O Threads | Enabled
Corruption Resilient | Not Supported
Durable Replication | Not Supported
Import InnoDB Tables | Not Supported
Fast Server Restarts | Not Supported
Enhanced Logging | Not Supported
Replica Perf Logging | Not Supported
Response Time Hist. | Not Supported
Smooth Flushing | Not Supported
HandlerSocket NoSQL | Not Supported
Fast Hash UDFs | Unknown

This section shows features that are available in Percona Server and whether they are
enabled or not. In the example shown, the server is standard MySQL, not Percona Server, so
the features are generally not supported.

# Plugins ####################################################
InnoDB compression | ACTIVE

This feature shows specific plugins and whether they are enabled.

# Query cache ################################################
query_cache_type | ON
Size | 0.0
Usage | 0%
HitToInsertRatio | 0%

This section shows whether the query cache is enabled and its size, followed by the
percentage of the cache in use and the hit-to-insert ratio. The latter two are fuzzy-
rounded.

# Schema #####################################################

Database Tables Views SPs Trigs Funcs FKs Partn
mysql 24
performance_schema 17
sakila 16 7 3 6 3 22

Database MyISAM CSV PERFORMANCE_SCHEMA InnoDB
mysql 22 2
performance_schema 17
sakila 8 15

Database BTREE FULLTEXT
mysql 31
performance_schema
sakila 63 1

c t s e l d i t m v s
h i e n o a n i e a m
a m t u n t t n d r a
r e m g e y i c l
s b t i u h l
t l i n m a i
a o m t t r n
m b e e t
p x
t
Database === === === === === === === === === === ===
mysql 61 10 6 78 5 4 26 3 4 5 3
performance_schema 5 16 33
sakila 1 15 1 3 4 3 19 42 26

If you specify "--databases" or "--all-databases", the tool will print the above section.
This summarizes the number and type of objects in the databases. It is generated by
running "mysqldump --no-data", not by querying the INFORMATION_SCHEMA, which can freeze a
busy server.

The first sub-report in the section is the count of objects by type in each database:
tables, views, and so on. The second one shows how many tables use various storage engines
in each database. The third sub-report shows the number of each type of indexes in each
database.

The last section shows the number of columns of various data types in each database. For
compact display, the column headers are formatted vertically, so you need to read
downwards from the top. In this example, the first column is "char" and the second column
is "timestamp". This example is truncated so it does not wrap on a terminal.

All of the numbers in this portion of the output are exact, not fuzzy-rounded.

# Noteworthy Technologies ####################################
Full Text Indexing | Yes
Geospatial Types | No
Foreign Keys | Yes
Partitioning | No
InnoDB Compression | Yes
SSL | No
Explicit LOCK TABLES | No
Delayed Insert | No
XA Transactions | No
NDB Cluster | No
Prepared Statements | No
Prepared statement count | 0

This section shows some specific technologies used on this server. Some of them are
detected from the schema dump performed for the previous sections; others can be detected
by looking at SHOW GLOBAL STATUS.

# InnoDB #####################################################
Version | 1.1.8
Buffer Pool Size | 16.0M
Buffer Pool Fill | 100%
Buffer Pool Dirty | 0%
File Per Table | OFF
Page Size | 16k
Log File Size | 2 * 5.0M = 10.0M
Log Buffer Size | 8M
Flush Method |
Flush Log At Commit | 1
XA Support | ON
Checksums | ON
Doublewrite | ON
R/W I/O Threads | 4 4
I/O Capacity | 200
Thread Concurrency | 0
Concurrency Tickets | 500
Commit Concurrency | 0
Txn Isolation Level | REPEATABLE-READ
Adaptive Flushing | ON
Adaptive Checkpoint |
Checkpoint Age | 0
InnoDB Queue | 0 queries inside InnoDB, 0 queries in queue
Oldest Transaction | 0 Seconds
History List Len | 209
Read Views | 1
Undo Log Entries | 1 transactions, 1 total undo, 1 max undo
Pending I/O Reads | 0 buf pool reads, 0 normal AIO,
0 ibuf AIO, 0 preads
Pending I/O Writes | 0 buf pool (0 LRU, 0 flush list, 0 page);
0 AIO, 0 sync, 0 log IO (0 log, 0 chkp);
0 pwrites
Pending I/O Flushes | 0 buf pool, 0 log
Transaction States | 1xnot started

This section shows important configuration variables for the InnoDB storage engine. The
buffer pool fill percent and dirty percent are fuzzy-rounded. The last few lines are
derived from the output of SHOW INNODB STATUS. It is likely that this output will change
in the future to become more useful.

# MyISAM #####################################################
Key Cache | 16.0M
Pct Used | 10%
Unflushed | 0%

This section shows the size of the MyISAM key cache, followed by the percentage of the
cache in use and percentage unflushed (fuzzy-rounded).

# Security ###################################################
Users | 2 users, 0 anon, 0 w/o pw, 0 old pw
Old Passwords | OFF

This section is generated from queries to tables in the mysql system database. It shows
how many users exist, and various potential security risks such as old-style passwords and
users without passwords.

# Binary Logging #############################################
Binlogs | 1
Zero-Sized | 0
Total Size | 21.8M
binlog_format | STATEMENT
expire_logs_days | 0
sync_binlog | 0
server_id | 12345
binlog_do_db |
binlog_ignore_db |

This section shows configuration and status of the binary logs. If there are zero-sized
binary logs, then it is possible that the binlog index is out of sync with the binary logs
that actually exist on disk.

# Noteworthy Variables #######################################
Auto-Inc Incr/Offset | 1/1
default_storage_engine | InnoDB
flush_time | 0
init_connect |
init_file |
sql_mode |
join_buffer_size | 128k
sort_buffer_size | 2M
read_buffer_size | 128k
read_rnd_buffer_size | 256k
bulk_insert_buffer | 0.00
max_heap_table_size | 16M
tmp_table_size | 16M
max_allowed_packet | 1M
thread_stack | 192k
log | OFF
log_error | /tmp/12345/data/mysqld.log
log_warnings | 1
log_slow_queries | ON
log_queries_not_using_indexes | OFF
log_slave_updates | ON

This section shows several noteworthy server configuration variables that might be
important to know about when working with this server.

# Configuration File #########################################
Config File | /tmp/12345/my.sandbox.cnf
[client]
user = msandbox
password = msandbox
port = 12345
socket = /tmp/12345/mysql_sandbox12345.sock
[mysqld]
port = 12345
socket = /tmp/12345/mysql_sandbox12345.sock
pid-file = /tmp/12345/data/mysql_sandbox12345.pid
basedir = /home/baron/5.5.20
datadir = /tmp/12345/data
key_buffer_size = 16M
innodb_buffer_pool_size = 16M
innodb_data_home_dir = /tmp/12345/data
innodb_log_group_home_dir = /tmp/12345/data
innodb_data_file_path = ibdata1:10M:autoextend
innodb_log_file_size = 5M
log-bin = mysql-bin
relay_log = mysql-relay-bin
log_slave_updates
server-id = 12345
report-host = 127.0.0.1
report-port = 12345
log-error = mysqld.log
innodb_lock_wait_timeout = 3
# The End ####################################################

This section shows a pretty-printed version of the my.cnf file, with comments removed and
with whitespace added to align things for easy reading. The tool tries to detect the
my.cnf file by looking at the output of ps, and if it does not find the location of the
file there, it tries common locations until it finds a file. Note that this file might not
actually correspond with the server from which the report was generated. This can happen
when the tool isn't run on the same server it's reporting on, or when detecting the
location of the configuration file fails.

OPTIONS


All options after -- are passed to "mysql".

--all-databases
mysqldump and summarize all databases. See "--databases".

--ask-pass
Prompt for a password when connecting to MySQL.

--config
type: string

Read this comma-separated list of config files. If specified, this must be the first
option on the command line.

--databases
type: string

mysqldump and summarize this comma-separated list of databases. Specify
"--all-databases" instead if you want to dump and summary all databases.

--defaults-file
short form: -F; type: string

Only read mysql options from the given file. You must give an absolute pathname.

--help
Print help and exit.

--host
short form: -h; type: string

Host to connect to.

--password
short form: -p; type: string

Password to use when connecting. If password contains commas they must be escaped
with a backslash: "exam\,ple"

--port
short form: -P; type: int

Port number to use for connection.

--read-samples
type: string

Create a report from the files found in this directory.

--save-samples
type: string

Save the data files used to generate the summary in this directory.

--sleep
type: int; default: 10

Seconds to sleep when gathering status counters.

--socket
short form: -S; type: string

Socket file to use for connection.

--user
short form: -u; type: string

User for login if not current user.

--version
Print tool's version and exit.

ENVIRONMENT


This tool does not use any environment variables.

SYSTEM REQUIREMENTS


This tool requires Bash v3 or newer, Perl 5.8 or newer, and binutils. These are generally
already provided by most distributions. On BSD systems, it may require a mounted procfs.

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