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xwit - window interface tool: pop or iconify this xterm window or named windows


xwit [-display display] [-sync] [-pop] [-focus] [-iconify] [-unmap]
[-raise] [-lower] [-opposite] [-[un]circulate]
[-resize w h] [-rows r] [-columns c] [-[r]move x y]
[-[r]warp x y] [-colormap colormapid] [-[no]save]
[-name name] [-iconname name]
[-bitmap file] [-mask file] [-[r]iconmove x y]
[-[no]backingstore] [-[no]saveunder]
[-[no]keyrepeat keycode ... keycode - keycode ...]
[-id windowid] [-root] [-current] [-select] [-all] [-names initialsubstring...]


xwit is an X window interface tool. By default when used with no arguments in an xterm it
de-iconifies and raises the window. You can specify a different function to do, such as
iconifying the window, and apply it to several windows whose name begins with one of the
given strings, or a particular window id given, or the window id found in the environment
variable WINDOWID (which is set by xterm for the program it runs), or the window under the
mouse cursor.


is followed by the display to open.

-sync causes all X requests to be performed synchronously.

-property property
causes the specified property to be used instead of the windows name (which is
WM_NAME). Some possible values are: WM_CLASS, WM_COMMAND, WM_ICON_NAME,

-pop is the default action. It need only be given if it is wanted as well as some other

-focus will give the input focus to the specified window.

will iconify the windows instead of popping them.

-unmap will iconify windows by unmapping with a non ICCCM compliant window manager.
(Beware, this option is not usually what you want).

-raise raise windows (but do not map them if unmapped).

-lower lower windows.

toggle the stacking of windows from top to bottom among any overlapping windows.

circulate a window's subwindows forward. Use this with -root.

circulate a window's subwindows backward. Use this with -root.

-resize w h
resize windows to the given pixel size.

-rows r
resize windows to the given number of rows.

-columns c
resize windows to the given number of columns.

-move x y
move windows to the given absolute position relative to its parent. (If the x or y
value is negative it is taken relative to the right or bottom edge of the parent.)

-rmove x y
move windows by the given relative amount.

-warp x y
move the cursor to the given position relative to the specified window. Add -root
to warp to an absolute position.

-rwarp x y
move the cursor by the given relative amount.

-colormap colormapid
install the given colormap into the given window. -save -nosave immediately enable
or disable the screen saver.

-name name
set the WM_NAME property to the given string.

-iconname name
set the WM_ICON_NAME property to the given string.

-bitmap file
use the given bitmap file as the icon bitmap for the window.

-mask file
use the given bitmap file as the icon mask for the window.

-iconmove x y
move icons to the given absolute position. (Will not work with some window

-riconmove x y
move icons by the given relative amount. (Will not work with some window

-backingstore -bs -nobackingstore -nobs
enable or disable backing store for the window.

-saveunder -su -nosaveunder -nosu
enable or disable saveunders for the window.

-keyrepeat -nokeyrepeat
is followed by a list of keycodes (decimal numbers, see xmodmap(1)). A range can
be specified as a lower number, ``-'', and upper number as three separate
arguments. The individual setting of auto-repeat for those keycodes is set on or
off. The global setting of auto-repeat can be set with xset(1). When off, no keys
will repeat.

-print will print the id, the coordinates, the depth and the name of all selected windows.
If -property is given, that one will be printed instead of the name.

Window Selection
If no window is specified, $WINDOWID will be used if set; otherwise the window
under the cursor will be selected.

-id is followed by a single window number, in decimal; or, if it begins with 0x, in

-root selects the root window.

selects the window under the cursor (default if no window specified and $WINDOWID
not set).

allows the user to interactively select a window with the mouse.

-all is equivalent to -names '', as easier to remember.

-names if given must be the last option and is followed by a list of strings. All windows
that have a name that begins exactly like one of the strings will be acted upon.
If -property is given, this property is used instead of the name. By using a null
string (-names ''), all names will be matched.


To de-iconify and pop ``this'' xterm and warp the cursor into it:

xwit -pop -warp 50 50

To interactively select an xterm, and resize it to 34 rows and 80 columns:

xwit -select -rows 34 -columns 80

To gently agitate your oclock on the screen:

while xwit -rmove 0 10 -names oclock
do xwit -rmove 0 -10 -names oclock


Exit status is 0 if any action is taken, 1 if no window matches the list supplied to
-names, 2 if an error occurs.


Since each application is supposed to request these functions of the window manager, some
of them may not like other clients mapping and unmapping them behind their backs.
Iconification is requested of the window manager using the ICCCM. Non ICCCM compliant
window managers may not react correctly.


Mark M Martin, CETIA France, [email protected]
David DiGiacomo, [email protected]


Thanks to Andre Delafontaine, Norman R. McBride, Keith Thompson, Glen R. Walker, Michael
Mauch, Dima Barsky and Decklin Foster for bug reports, suggestions and/or patches.

2 Dec 2005 XWIT(1)

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