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apt-src - manage debian source package trees


apt-src [options] command

apt-src [options] install|remove pkg1 [pkg2 ...]

apt-src location pkg


apt-src is a command line interface for downloading, installing, upgrading, and tracking
debian source packages. It can be run as a normal user, or as root.

Unlike binary packages, source packages are not installed into a canonical location.
Instead, they are "installed" by unpacking their source tree into a directory, which can
be anywhere you wish. A source package can be installed multiple times, in different
locations. This program manages source packages installed in this way, and provides
querying facilities to help find where a source package is installed.

Unless the -h or --help option is given one of the commands below must be present.

Update the lists of available packages. Identical to apt-get update, really, and must
be run as root in the default configuration.

Install the named source package or packages into the current directory. If a package
in the current directory is already installed, it will attempt to upgrade it.

This command will accept the names of binary packages, or source packages. Just like
with apt-get install, you can prefix the name with =version or /release to specify
what version to install or what release to take the source from.

It will make sure that the build-dependencies of the source package are satisfied.

If the --location option is given, the source package will be installed or upgraded
into the given location instead of the current directory.

If the --build option is given, each newly installed or upgraded package will be

Upgrade all installed source packages, or, if the --location or --here options are
used, update only source packages in the specified directory.

If the --patch option is given (the default), apt-src will attempt to generate a patch
containing any local changes made to the source package, and will apply this patch to
the updated tree. This will allow your local changes to be preserved across package
upgrades, but it may not always work, and you might sometimes have to merge in your
changes by hand.

If the --build option is given, each newly installed or upgraded package will be

Remove the named source package or packages. The --location and --here options may be
used to only remove packages in a particular directory.

Build the specified source or sources. If the source is not installed yet, it will
first be installed.

Clean the trees of the named source package or packages. The --location and --here
options may be used to only clean packages in a particular directory.

Use this option to let apt-src know about an existing, unpacked source tree. Besides
the name under which it should be imported, you must specify the location of the
source tree (with --location), and you may need to tell the version of the source
(with --version). Don't expect the build command to work on this source, unless it has
a debian/ directory.

With no other parameters, it will list all installed source packages; their status,
and the directory they are installed in. If a package's name is given, it will display
only installed instances of that source package. If the --location or --here options
are used, they will limit the list to packages in the specified directory.

Takes a single parameter; the name of a source package. If the package is installed,
it will return the root of the package's source tree.

This command can be used when you need to include files from another source package,
or something like that. For example:

-I`apt-src location pkg`

Takes a single parameter; the name of a source package. If the package is installed,
it will return the version of the package that is installed.

Takes a single parameter; the name of a source package (may be specified with
regexps). Returns the name of the source package installed matching that name, if any.


All command line options may be set using the configuration file, the descriptions
indicate the configuration option to set. For boolean options you can override the
defaults file by using something like -f-,--no-f, -f=no or several other variations.

-h, --help
Show this help text.

-b, --build, --compile
Build source packages after installing or upgrading them. Configuration Item:

-i, --installdebs
Install packages after building sources. Implies --build. Configuration Item:

Note that if multiple packages are generated from a single source package, they will
all be installed.

-p, --patch
Try to patch local changes into new source tree when upgrading. On by default, use
--no-p to disable. Configuration Item: APT::Src::Patch.

-l, --location
Specify a directory; only operate on packages in that directory. Configuration Item:

-c, --cwd, --here
Only operate on packages in the current directory. Configuration Item:

Only of use with the version command; makes it omit the debian version number from the
version of the package output.

-k, --keep-built
Do not delete .debs and other built files after installing them with the --installdebs
option. Configuration Item: APT::Src::KeepBuilt

-n, --no-delete-source
Do not delete source files when removing source package. Configuration Item:

Specify a source tree version. Of use with the import command.

-q, --quiet
Direct all command output to /dev/null unless a command fails to run as expected.
Configuration item: APT::Src::Quiet

-t, --trace
Output each command as it is run. Configuration item: APT::Src::Trace

In addition to the above options, some less-used configuration items may only be specified
in the config files, /etc/apt/apt.conf and ~/.apt-src/config. They are:

The command to use to build a tree. Run in the tree to build, it defaults to "dpkg-
buildpackage -b -us -uc", with "-rfakeroot" appended for non-root users.

The command to use if a non-root user needs to become root. This is used for, example,
to satisfy build-deps. sudo is a good choice and the default. If you want to use su,
you'll need to set it to "su -c".

Controls whether apt-src makes sure a source package's build dependencies are
installed when installing or upgrading it. Defaults to true, if you turn it off,
packages may fail to build due to missing build dependencies.


You can use either binary package names, or source package names when installing a new
source package.

The rest of the time, when dealing with already installed packages, you currently have to
use the source package names (this may later changes). However, you may use regexps as
part of the names.


This program sets APT_SRC_BUILD when it is building a package.


To install the source to pine to /usr/src, build it, and install the resulting debs:

apt-src install --location=/usr/src -i pine

To track changes to said installed pine source package, and install debs whenever a new
version comes out:

apt-src install -i pine

To install a local copy of package foo, which you are going to apply a local patch to:

apt-src install foo
cd foo-version
patch <~/my-foo-patch
apt-src build --installdebs foo

To upgrade your local copy of foo, bringing your patch forward, and building and
installing new debs:

apt-src install -i foo

To import the source tree in /usr/src/linux, which you unpacked from a ftp.kernel.org
tarball (or from the kernel-source package) into apt-src, so it knows about it:

apt-src import kernel --location=/usr/src/linux --version=2.4.18

In a debian/rules of a kernel module package that needs to figure out if it is being built
by apt-src, and if so set the KVERS, KSRC. and KDREV variables that make-kpkg normally

KDREV=$(shell apt-src version kernel\(-source.\*\)\?)
KSRC=$(shell apt-src location kernel\(-source.\*\)\?)
KVERS=$(shell apt-src name kernel\(-source.\*\)\? | sed s/kernel-source-//)

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