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PROGRAM:

NAME


bladeRF-cli - command line interface and test utility

SYNOPSIS


bladeRF-cli <options>

DESCRIPTION


The bladeRF-cli utility is used to flash firmware files, load FPGA bitstreams, and perform
other tasks on the nuand bladeRF software-defined radio system.

For more information on obtaining or building firmware files and FPGA bitstreams, please
visit http://nuand.com/.

bladeRF command line interface and test utility (1.3.1-0.2016.01~rc1-3)

OPTIONS


-d, --device <device>
Use the specified bladeRF device.

-f, --flash-firmware <file>
Write the provided FX3 firmware file to flash.

-l, --load-fpga <file>
Load the provided FPGA bitstream.

-L, --flash-fpga <file>
Write the provided FPGA image to flash for autoloading. Use -L X or --flash-fpga X
to disable FPGA autoloading.

-p, --probe
Probe for devices, print results, then exit. A non-zero return status will be
returned if no devices are available.

-e, --exec <command>
Execute the specified interactive mode command. Multiple -e flags may be
specified. The commands will be executed in the provided order.

-s, --script <file>
Run provided script.

-i, --interactive
Enter interactive mode.

--lib-version
Print libbladeRF version and exit.

-v, --verbosity <level>
Set the libbladeRF verbosity level. Levels, listed in increasing verbosity, are:

critical, error, warning,
info, debug, verbose

--version
Print CLI version and exit.

-h, --help
Show this help text.

--help-interactive
Print help information for all interactive commands.

Notes:
The -d option takes a device specifier string. See the bladerf_open() documentation
for more information about the format of this string.

If the -d parameter is not provided, the first available device will be used for
the provided command, or will be opened prior to entering interactive mode.

Commands are executed in the following order:

Command line options, -e <command>, script commands, interactive mode commands.

When running 'rx/tx start' from a script or via -e, ensure these commands are later
followed by 'rx/tx wait [timeout]' to ensure the program will not attempt to exit
before reception/transmission is complete.

INTERACTIVE COMMANDS


bladeRF-cli supports a scriptable interactive mode. Run bladeRF-cli --interactive to
enter this mode. Type "help" for a listing of all commands, or "help <command>" for more
information about <command>.

calibrate
Usage: calibrate <operation> [options]

Perform the specified transceiver calibration operation.

Available operations:

· LMS internal DC offset auto-calibrations

· calibrate lms [show]

· calibrate lms tuning [value]

· calibrate lms txlpf [<I filter> <Q filter>]

· calibrate lms rxlpf [<I filter> <Q filter>]

· calibrate lms rxvga2 [<DC ref> <I1> <Q1> <I2> <Q2>]

Perform the specified auto-calibration, or all of them if none are provided. When
values are provided, these are used instead of the results of the auto-calibration
procedure. Use lms show to read and print the current LMS calibration values.

For rxvga2, I1 and Q1 are the Stage 1 I and Q components respectively, and I2 and Q2 are
the Stage 2 I and Q components.

· RX and TX I/Q DC offset correction parameter calibration

· calibrate dc <rx|tx> [<I> <Q>]

· calibrate dc <rxtx>

Calibrate the DC offset correction parameters for the current frequency and gain
settings. If a I/Q values are provided, they are applied directly. cal rxtx is
shorthand for cal rx followed by cal tx.

· RX and TX I/Q balance correction parameter calibration

· calibrate iq <rx|tx> <gain|phase> <value>

Set the specified IQ gain or phase balance parameters.

· Generate RX or TX I/Q DC correction parameter tables

· calibrate table dc <rx|tx> [<f_min> <f_max> [f_inc]]

Generate and write an I/Q correction parameter table to the current working directory,
in a file named <serial>_dc_<rx|tx>.tbl. f_min and f_max are min and max frequencies to
include in the table. f_inc is the frequency increment.

By default, tables are generated over the entire frequency range, in 2 MHz steps.

clear
Usage: clear

Clears the screen.

echo
Usage: echo [arg 1] [arg 2] ... [arg n]

Echo each argument on a new line.

erase
Usage: erase <offset> <count>

Erase specified erase blocks SPI flash.

· <offset> - Erase block offset

· <count> - Number of erase blocks to erase

flash_backup
Usage: flash_backup <file> (<type> | <address> <length>)

Back up flash data to the specified file. This command takes either two or four
arguments. The two-argument invocation is generally recommended for non-development use.

Parameters:

· <type> - Type of backup.

This selects the appropriate address and length values based upon the selected type.

Valid options are:

Option Description
────────────────────────────────────────────────────────────────────
cal Calibration data
fw Firmware
fpga40 Metadata and bitstream for 40 kLE FPGA
fpga115 Metadata and bitstream for 115 kLE FPGA

· <address> - Address of data to back up. Must be erase block-aligned.

· <len> - Length of region to back up. Must be erase block-aligned.

Note: When an address and length are provided, the image type will default to raw.

Examples:

· flash_backup cal.bin cal

Backs up the calibration data region.

· flash_backup cal_raw.bin 0x30000 0x10000

Backs up the calibration region as a raw data image.

flash_image
Usage: flash_image <image> [output options]

Print a flash image's metadata or create a new flash image. When provided with the name
of a flash image file as the only argument, this command will print the metadata contents
of the image.

The following options may be used to create a new flash image.

· data=<file>

File to containing data to store in the image.

· address=<addr>

Flash address. The default depends upon type parameter.

· type=<type>

Type of flash image. Defaults to raw.

Valid options are:

Option Description
────────────────────────────────────────────────────────────────────
cal Calibration data
fw Firmware
fpga40 Metadata and bitstream for 40 kLE FPGA
fpga115 Metadata and bitstream for 115 kLE FPGA
raw Raw data. The address and length parameters must be
provided if this type is selected.

· serial=<serial>

Serial # to store in image. Defaults to zeros.

flash_init_cal
Usage: flash_init_cal <fpga_size> <vctcxo_trim> [<output_file>]

Create and write a new calibration data region to the currently opened device, or to a
file. Be sure to back up calibration data prior to running this command. (See the
flash_backup command.)

· <fpga_size>

Either 40 or 115, depending on the device model.

· <vctcxo_trim>

VCTCXO/DAC trim value (0x0-0xffff)

· <output_file>

File to write calibration data to. When this argument is provided, no data will be
written to the device's flash.

flash_restore
Usage: flash_restore <file> [<address> <length>]

Restore flash data from a file, optionally overriding values in the image metadata.

· <address>

Defaults to the address specified in the provided flash image file.

· <length>

Defaults to length of the data in the provided image file.

fw_log
Usage: fw_log [filename]

Read the contents of the device's firmware log and write it to the specified file. If no
filename is specified, the log content is written to stdout.

help
Usage: help [<command>]

Provides extended help, like this, on any command.

info
Usage: info

Prints the following information about an opened device:

· Serial number

· VCTCXO DAC calibration value

· FPGA size

· Whether or not the FPGA is loaded

· USB bus, address, and speed

· Backend (Denotes which device interface code is being used.)

· Instance number

jump_to_boot
Usage: jump_to_boot

Clear out a FW signature word in flash and jump to FX3 bootloader.

The device will continue to boot into the FX3 bootloader across power cycles until new
firmware is written to the device.

load
Usage: load <fpga|fx3> <filename>

Load an FPGA bitstream or program the FX3's SPI flash.

xb
Usage: xb <board_model> <subcommand> [parameters]

Enable or configure an expansion board.

Valid values for board_model:

· 100

XB-100 GPIO expansion board

· 200

XB-200 LF/MF/HF/VHF transverter expansion board

Common subcommands:

· enable

Enable the XB-100 or XB-200 expansion board.

XB-200 subcommands:

· filter [rx|tx] [50|144|222|custom|auto_1db|auto_3db]

Selects the specified RX or TX filter on the XB-200 board. Below are descriptions of
each of the filter options.

· 50

Select the 50-54 MHz (6 meter band) filter.

· 144

Select the 144-148 MHz (2 meter band) filter.

· 222

Select the 222-225 MHz (1.25 meter band) filter. Realistically,
this filter option is actually slightly wider, covering
206 MHz - 235 MHz.

· custom

Selects the custom filter path. The user should connect a filter
along the corresponding FILT and FILT-ANT connections when using
this option. Alternatively one may jumper the FILT and FILT-ANT
connections to achieve "no filter" for reception. (However, this is
_highly_ discouraged for transmissions.)

· auto_1db

Automatically selects one of the above choices based upon frequency
and the filters' 1dB points. The custom path is used for cases
that are not associated with the on-board filters.

· auto_3db

Automatically selects one of the above choices based upon frequency
and the filters' 3dB points. The custom path is used for cases
that are not associated with the on-board filters.

Examples:

· xb 200 enable

Enables and configures the XB-200 transverter expansion board.

· xb 200 filter rx 144

Selects the 144-148 MHz receive filter on the XB-200 transverter expansion board.

mimo
Usage: mimo [master | slave]

Modify device MIMO operation.

open
Usage: open [device identifiers]

Open the specified device for use with successive commands. Any previously opened device
will be closed.

The general form of the device identifier string is:

<backend>:[device=<bus>:<addr>] [instance=<n>] [serial=<serial>]

See the bladerf_open() documentation in libbladeRF for the complete device specifier
format.

peek
Usage: peek <dac|lms|si> <address> [num_addresses]

The peek command can read any of the devices hanging off the FPGA which includes the
LMS6002D transceiver, VCTCXO trim DAC or the Si5338 clock generator chip.

If num_addresses is supplied, the address is incremented by 1 and another peek is
performed for that many addresses.

Valid Address Ranges:

Device Address Range
───────────────────────
dac 0 to 255

lms 0 to 127
si 0 to 255

Example:

· peek si ...

poke
Usage: poke <dac|lms|si> <address> <data>

The poke command can write any of the devices hanging off the FPGA which includes the
LMS6002D transceiver, VCTCXO trim DAC or the Si5338 clock generator chip.

Valid Address Ranges:

Device Address Range
───────────────────────
dac 0 to 255
lms 0 to 127
si 0 to 255

Example:

· poke lms ...

print
Usage: print [parameter]

The print command takes a parameter to print. Available parameters are listed below. If
no paremeter is specified, all parameters are printed.

Parameter Description
────────────────────────────────────────────────────────────────────────
bandwidth Bandwidth settings
frequency Frequency settings
gpio FX3 <-> FPGA GPIO state
loopback Loopback settings
lnagain Gain setting of the RX LNA, in dB
rx_mux FPGA RX FIFO input mux setting
rxvga1 Gain setting of RXVGA1, in dB
rxvga2 Gain setting of RXVGA2, in dB
txvga1 Gain setting of TXVGA1, in dB
txvga2 Gain setting of TXVGA2, in dB
sampling External or internal sampling mode
samplerate Samplerate settings
trimdac VCTCXO Trim DAC settings
vctcxo_tamer Current VCTCXO tamer mode.
xb_gpio Expansion board GPIO values
xb_gpio_dir Expansion board GPIO direction (1=output, 0=input)

probe
Usage: probe [strict]

Search for attached bladeRF device and print a list of results.

Without specifying strict, the lack of any available devices is not considered an error.

When provided the optional strict argument, this command will treat the situation where no
devices are found as an error, causing scripts or lists of commands provided via the -e
command line argument to terminate immediately.

quit
Usage: quit

Exit the CLI.

recover
Usage: recover [<bus> <address> <firmware file>]

Load firmware onto a device running in bootloader mode, or list all devices currently in
bootloader mode.

With no arguments, this command lists the USB bus and address for FX3-based devices
running in bootloader mode.

When provided a bus, address, and path to a firmware file, the specified device will be
loaded with and begin executing the provided firmware.

In most cases, after successfully loading firmware into the device's RAM, users should
open the device with the "open" command, and write the firmware to flash via
"load fx3 <firmware file>"

run
Usage: run <script>

Run the provided script.

rx
Usage: rx <start | stop | wait | config [param=val [param=val [...]]>

Receive IQ samples and write them to the specified file. Reception is controlled and
configured by one of the following:

Command Description
────────────────────────────────────────────────────────────────────────
start Start receiving samples
stop Stop receiving samples
wait Wait for sample transmission to complete, or until a
specified amount of time elapses
config Configure sample reception. If no parameters are
provided, the current parameters are printed.

Running rx without any additional commands is valid shorthand for rx config.

The wait command takes an optional timeout parameter. This parameter defaults to units of
milliseconds (ms). The timeout unit may be specified using the ms or s suffixes. If this
parameter is not provided, the command will wait until the reception completes or Ctrl-C
is pressed.

Configuration parameters take the form param=value, and may be specified in a single or
multiple rx config invocations. Below is a list of available parameters.

Parameter Description
────────────────────────────────────────────────────────────────────────
n Number of samples to receive. 0 = inf.
file Filename to write received samples to
format Output file format. One of the following:
csv: CSV of SC16 Q11 samples
bin: Raw SC16 Q11 DAC samples
samples Number of samples per buffer to use in the
asynchronous stream. Must be divisible by 1024 and
>= 1024.
buffers Number of sample buffers to use in the asynchronous
stream. The min value is 4.
xfers Number of simultaneous transfers to allow the
asynchronous stream to use. This should be less
than the buffers parameter.
timeout Data stream timeout. With no suffix, the default
unit is ms. The default value is 1000 ms (1 s).
Valid suffixes are ms and s.

Example:

· rx config file=/tmp/data.bin format=bin n=10K

Receive (10240 = 10 * 1024) samples, writing them to /tmp/data.bin in the binary DAC
format.

Notes:

· The n, samples, buffers, and xfers parameters support the suffixes K, M, and G, which
are multiples of 1024.

· An rx stop followed by an rx start will result in the samples file being truncated. If
this is not desired, be sure to run rx config to set another file before restarting the
rx stream.

· For higher sample rates, it is advised that the binary output format be used, and the
output file be written to RAM (e.g. /tmp, /dev/shm), if space allows. For larger
captures at higher sample rates, consider using an SSD instead of a HDD.

tx
Usage: tx <start | stop | wait | config [parameters]>

Read IQ samples from the specified file and transmit them. Transmission is controlled and
configured by one of the following:

Command Description
────────────────────────────────────────────────────────────────────────
start Start transmitting samples
stop Stop transmitting samples
wait Wait for sample transmission to complete, or until a
specified amount of time elapses
config Configure sample transmission. If no parameters are
provided, the current parameters are printed.

Running tx without any additional commands is valid shorthand for tx config.

The wait command takes an optional timeout parameter. This parameter defaults to units of
milliseconds (ms). The timeout unit may be specified using the ms or s suffixes. If this
parameter is not provided, the command will wait until the transmission completes or
Ctrl-C is pressed.

Configuration parameters take the form param=value, and may be specified in a single or
multiple tx config invocations. Below is a list of available parameters.

Parameter Description
────────────────────────────────────────────────────────────────────────
file Filename to read samples from
format Input file format. One of the following:
csv: CSV of SC16 Q11 samples ([-2048, 2047])
bin: Raw SC16 Q11 DAC samples ([-2048, 2047])
repeat The number of times the file contents should be
transmitted. 0 implies repeat until stopped.
delay The number of microseconds to delay between
retransmitting file contents. 0 implies no delay.
samples Number of samples per buffer to use in the
asynchronous stream. Must be divisible by 1024 and
>= 1024.
buffers Number of sample buffers to use in the asynchronous
stream. The min value is 4.
xfers Number of simultaneous transfers to allow the
asynchronous stream to use. This should be < the
buffers parameter.
timeout Data stream timeout. With no suffix, the default
unit is ms. The default value is 1000 ms (1 s).
Valid suffixes are 'ms' and 's'.

Example:

· tx config file=data.bin format=bin repeat=2 delay=250000

Transmitting the contents of data.bin two times, with a ~250ms delay between
transmissions.

Notes:

· The n, samples, buffers, and xfers parameters support the suffixes K, M, and G, which
are multiples of 1024.

· For higher sample rates, it is advised that the input file be stored in RAM (e.g. /tmp,
/dev/shm) or on an SSD, rather than a HDD.

· When providing CSV data, this command will first convert it to a binary format, stored
in a file in the current working directory. During this process, out-of-range values
will be clamped.

· When using a binary format, the user is responsible for ensuring that the provided data
values are within the allowed range. This prerequisite alleviates the need for this
program to perform range checks in time-sensitive callbacks.

set
Usage: set <parameter> <arguments>

The set command takes a parameter and an arbitrary number of arguments for that particular
parameter. The parameter is one of:

Parameter Description
────────────────────────────────────────────────────────────────────────
bandwidth Bandwidth settings
frequency Frequency settings
gpio FX3 <-> FPGA GPIO state
loopback Loopback settings. Run 'set loopback' to list modes.
lnagain Gain setting of the RX LNA, in dB. Values: 0, 3, 6
rxvga1 Gain setting of RXVGA1, in dB. Range: [5, 30]
rx_mux FPGA RX FIFO input mux mode. Options are:
BASEBAND_LMS, 12BIT_COUNTER, 32BIT_COUNTER,
DIGITAL_LOOPBACK
rxvga1 Gain setting of RXVGA1, in dB. Range: [5, 30]
rxvga2 Gain setting of RXVGA2, in dB. Range: [0, 30]
txvga1 Gain setting of TXVGA1, in dB. Range: [-35, -4]
txvga2 Gain setting of TXVGA2, in dB. Range: [0, 25]
sampling External or internal sampling mode
samplerate Sample rate settings
trimdac VCTCXO trim DAC settings
vctcxo_tamer VCTCXO tamer mode. Options: Disabled, 1PPS, 10MHz
xb_gpio Expansion board GPIO values
xb_gpio_dir Expansion board GPIO direction (1=output, 0=input)

version
Usage: version

Prints version information for host software and the current device.

EXAMPLES


$ bladeRF-cli -l hostedx40.rbf

Loads an FPGA image named hostedx40.rbf onto the bladeRF's FPGA.

Note: The FPGA image loaded with --load-fpga will be lost on power-off.

$ bladeRF-cli -f firmware.img

Flashes firmware.img onto the bladeRF's firmware.

$ bladeRF-cli -L hostedx40.rbf

Flashes the FPGA image named hostedx40.rbf onto the bladeRF, where it will be
automatically loaded on power-up.

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