EnglishFrenchSpanish

Ad


OnWorks favicon

bwping - Online in the Cloud

Run bwping in OnWorks free hosting provider over Ubuntu Online, Fedora Online, Windows online emulator or MAC OS online emulator

This is the command bwping that can be run in the OnWorks free hosting provider using one of our multiple free online workstations such as Ubuntu Online, Fedora Online, Windows online emulator or MAC OS online emulator

PROGRAM:

NAME


bwctl, bwping, bwtraceroute - Client application to request throughput, traceroute, ping
and owamp tests.

SYNOPSIS


bwctl [options] -c recvhost -s sendhost
bwctl [options] -c recvhost
bwctl [options] -s sendhost
bwping [options] -c recvhost -s sendhost
bwping [options] -c recvhost
bwping [options] -s sendhost
bwtraceroute [options] -c recvhost -s sendhost
bwtraceroute [options] -c recvhost
bwtraceroute [options] -s sendhost

DESCRIPTION


bwctl is a command line client application that is used to initiate throughput tests.

This version of bwctl is capable of initiating Iperf, Nuttcp, Iperf3, Ping, Traceroute,
Tracepath and Owamp tests.

bwctl works by contacting a bwctld daemon on both the receiving host and the sending host.
bwctld manages and schedules the resources of the host it runs on. In the case where only
one of the receiving host or sending host is specified, bwctl assumes the local host is
the other endpoint. bwctl will attempt to contact a local bwctld if it can. If there is no
local bwctld running, bwctl assumes the local host does not require policy controls and
will execute the bwctld functionality required to run the test directly.

If cases where bwctl is directly running the test on the host, there are several
configuration options that are shared with bwctld. Those configuration options can be set
using the bwctlrc(5) configuration file in a way very similar to the way they are
specified in the bwctld.conf(5) file.

The bwctl, bwping and bwtraceroute clients are used to request the desired type of
throughput, latency or traceroute test. Furthermore, it requests when the test is wanted.
bwctld on each endpoint either responds with a tentative reservation or a test denied
message. Once bwctl is able to get a matching reservation from both bwctld processes (one
for each host involved in the test), it confirms the reservation. Then, the bwctld
processes run the test and return the results. The results are returned to the client from
both sides of the test from the respective bwctld processes. Additionally, the bwctld
processes share the results from their respective side of the test with each other.

BWCTL (bwctl and bwctld) is used to enable non-specific network measurement tests to hosts
without having to give full user accounts on the given systems. Users want the ability to
run throughput tests to determine the achievable or available bandwidth between a pair of
hosts. It is often useful to test to multiple points along a network path to determine the
network characteristics along that path. Typically, users who want to do this path
decomposition have to directly contact the network/system administrators who control the
hosts along the path. The administrator needs to either run half of the test for the user
or give them a user account on the host. Also, network paths of interest are typically
controlled by multiple administrators. These hurdles have made this kind of testing
difficult in practice.

BWCTL was designed to help with this problem. It allows an administrator to configure a
given host as an Iperf, Iperf3, Nuttcp, or Owamp endpoint. The endpoint can be a packet
sender (e.g. Iperf client) or a packet receiver (e.g. Iperf server). It can be shared by
multiple users without concern that those users will interfere with each other. Specific
policy limits can be applied to specific users, and individual tests are scheduled so they
will not interfere with each other. Additionally, full user accounts are not required for
the users running the tests.

BWCTL allows the administrator to classify incoming connections based upon a user name and
AES key combination or, alternatively, based upon an IP/netmask. Once the connection is
classified, the bwctld can determine the exact type and intensities of througput tests
that will be allowed. More information on the policy controls can be found in the
bwctld(8) man page.

BWCTL makes use of a distributed scheduling algorithm. Each host maintains a schedule
independently. As a client requests a test, the two endpoints are contacted and each
bwctld server responds with the first available open schedule slot. This enables on-demand
tests to co-exist with regularly scheduled tests since regularly scheduled tests are
implemented by having the client request tests on regular intervals. Different priorities
can be implemented using the event_horizon configuration directive to bwctld. (By allowing
clients that implement regularly scheduled tests to reserve their time slots further into
the future.)

ARGUMENTS


Connection/Authentication Arguments:
-4, --ipv4
Forces bwctl to use IPv4 addresses only.

Default:
Unspecified (IPv6 is preferred).

-6, --ipv6
Forces bwctl to use IPv6 addresses only.

Default:
Unspecified (IPv6 is preferred).

-A authmethod
authmethod is used to specify the authentication method the bwctl client is willing
to use for communication with the bwctld on the sendhost and recvhost. The
authentication options of bwctl are intended to be extensible. The communication
from the bwctl client to each bwctld server may take different options for
different types of authentication. If the authmethod option is specified for
either the -s, or the -c argument, it overrides the authmethod specified with the
-A option for communication with that particular host. (Therefore, the -A argument
is really only useful if the same authentication can be used with both hosts.)

Allowing different authentication methods for each connection should allow a client
to use different authentication methods with different servers which should in turn
allow cross-domain tests to occur more easily.

The format for authmethod is:

authmode [authscheme schemeopts]

authmode
Specifies the authentication mode the client is willing to speak with a
server. It must be set as a character string with any or all of the
characters "AEO". The modes are:

A [A]uthenticated. This mode encrypts the control connection.

E [E]ncrypted. This mode encrypts the control connection. If the test
supports encryption, this mode will additionally encrypt the test
stream. (Encryption of the test stream is not currently supported, so
this mode is currently identical to authenticated.)

O [O]pen. No encryption of any kind is done.

The client can specify all the modes with which it is willing to
communicate. The most strict mode that both the server and the client are
willing to use will be selected.

Default:
"AEO"

authscheme schemeopts
authscheme indicates the authentication scheme that should be used to
achieve the authenticated or encrypted modes. schemeopts are a list of
arguments specific to each particular authentication scheme. Supported
authscheme values follow (listed with the schemeopts each scheme requires):

AESKEY userid [keyfile]
This is the initial "simple" shared secret (AES key) model. userid is
required to identify which shared secret the server and client should
use. keyfile optionally specifies a file to retrieve the AES key
from. If keyfile is not specified, the user will be prompted for a
passphrase. keyfile can be generated using the aespasswd(1)
application.

Default:
Unauthenticated

authscheme and schemeopts are only needed if authenticated communication (A or E
modes of authmode) is wanted with sendhost and recvhost.

-B, --local_address srcaddr
Bind the local address of the client socket to srcaddr. srcaddr can be specified
using a DNS name or using standard textual notations for the IP addresses.

Default:
Unspecified (wild-card address selection).

-c, --receiver recvhost[:port] [authmethod]
Specifies the host that will run the Iperf, Iperf3 or Nuttcp server. The :port
suffix is optional and is only needed if bwctld is being run on a non-default port
number. If an IPv6 address is being specified, note that the accepted format
contains the recvhost portion of the specification in square brackets as:
[fe80::fe9f:62d8]:4823. This ensures the port number is distinct from the address
specification, and is not needed if the :port suffix is not being used.

At least one of the -c or -s options must be specified. If one of them is not
specified, it is assumed to be the local host.

authmethod is a specifically ordered list of keywords that is only needed if
authenticated communication is wanted with recvhost. These keywords are used to
describe the type of communication and authentication that should be used to
contact the recvhost. If recvhost and sendhost share the same authentication
methods and identities, it is possible to specify the authmethod for both recvhost
and sendhost using the -A argument. An authmethod specified with the -c option
will override an authmethod specified with the -A argument for communication with
the recvhost.

The format for authmethod and a description of the currently available
authentication methods are described with the -A argument.

-s, --sender sendhost[:port] [authmethod]
Specifies the host that will run the Iperf, Iperf3 or Nuttcp client. The :port
suffix is optional and is only needed if bwctld is being run on a non-default port
number. If an IPv6 address is being specified, note that the accepted format
contains the sendhost portion of the specification in square brackets as:
[fe80::fe9f:62d8]:4823. This ensures the port number is distinct from the address
specification, and is not needed if the :port suffix is not being used.

At least one of the -c or -s options must be specified. If one of them is not
specified, it is assumed to be the local.

authmethod is a specifically ordered list of keywords that is only needed if
authenticated communication is wanted with sendhost. These keywords are used to
describe the type of communication and authentication that should be used to
contact the sendhost. If recvhost and sendhost share the same authentication
methods and identities, it is possible to specify the authmethod for both recvhost
and sendhost using the -A argument. An authmethod specified with the -s option
will override an authmethod specified with the -A argument for communication with
the sendhost.

The format for authmethod and a description of the currently available
authentication methods are described with the -A argument.

-o, --flip
By default, the sender will connect to the receiver. The --flip option causes the
receiver to connect to the sender. This option is not available for all test types
(e.g. for iperf tests). This is most useful if the receiver is behind a firewall.

bwctl Test Arguments:
The arguments were named to match their counterparts in Iperf as closely as possible.

-T, --tool
Specify which throughput tester to use:

iperf

iperf3

nuttcp

Default:
None. Selects a tool that the client and server have in common

-S, --tos TOS
Set the TOS byte in the sending packets.

Default:
None.

-D, --dscp DSCP
Set an RFC 2474 style DSCP value for the TOS byte in the sending packets. This can
be set using a 6-bit numeric value in decimal, hex, or octal. Additionally, the
following set of symbolic DSCP name constants are understood. (Example applications
are taken from RFC 4594.)

┌────────┬────────┬─────────────────────────┬───────────────────────────┐
NameValueService ClassExamples
├────────├────────├─────────────────────────├───────────────────────────┤
NONE │ │ │ │
DEFAULT │ 000000 │ Standard │ Undifferentiated │
DF │ │ │ │
CS0 │ │ │ │
├────────┼────────┼─────────────────────────┼───────────────────────────┤
CS1 │ 001000 │ Low-Priority Data │ No BW assurance │
├────────┼────────┼─────────────────────────┼───────────────────────────┤
AF11 │ 001010 │ │ │
AF12 │ 001100 │ High-Throughput Data │ Store and forward │
AF13 │ 001110 │ │ │
├────────┼────────┼─────────────────────────┼───────────────────────────┤
CS2 │ 010000 │ OAM │ OAM&P │
├────────┼────────┼─────────────────────────┼───────────────────────────┤
AF21 │ 010010 │ │ │
AF22 │ 010100 │ Low-Latency Data │ Web-based ordering │
AF23 │ 010110 │ │ │
├────────┼────────┼─────────────────────────┼───────────────────────────┤
CS3 │ 011000 │ Broadcast Video │ TV & live events │
├────────┼────────┼─────────────────────────┼───────────────────────────┤
AF31 │ 011010 │ │ │
AF32 │ 011100 │ Multimedia Streaming │ Streaming video and audio │
AF33 │ 011110 │ │ │
├────────┼────────┼─────────────────────────┼───────────────────────────┤
CS4 │ 100000 │ Real-Time Interactive │ Video conf and gaming │
├────────┼────────┼─────────────────────────┼───────────────────────────┤
AF41 │ 100010 │ │ │
AF42 │ 100100 │ Multimedia Conferencing │ H.323 video conferencing │
AF43 │ 100110 │ │ │
├────────┼────────┼─────────────────────────┼───────────────────────────┤
CS5 │ 101000 │ Signaling │ Video conf and gaming │
├────────┼────────┼─────────────────────────┼───────────────────────────┤
EF │ 101110 │ Telephony │ IP Telephony bearer │
├────────┼────────┼─────────────────────────┼───────────────────────────┤
CS6 │ 110000 │ Network Control │ Network routing │
├────────┼────────┼─────────────────────────┼───────────────────────────┤
CS7 │ 111000 │ │ │
└────────┴────────┴─────────────────────────┴───────────────────────────┘
Default:
Unset.

-b, --bandwidth bandwidth
Limit UDP send rate to bandwidth (bits/sec).

Default:
1 Mb

-i, --report_interval interval
Report interval (seconds).

Default:
unset (no intervals reported)

-l, --buffer_length len
length of read/write buffers (bytes).

Default:
8 KB TCP, 1470 bytes UDP

-O, --omit seconds
Initial period of data to omit from the final statistics. This is so that you can
skip past initial conditions such as TCP Slow Start. Currently only implemented by
the iperf3 tool.

-P, --parallel nStreams
Number of concurrent streams for the test. See the -P option of Iperf for details.

-t,--test_duration time
Duration of test (seconds).

Default:
10

-u, --udp
UDP test.

Default:
TCP test

-W,--dynamic_window window
Same as the -w option, except that the value is advisory. bwctl will attempt to
dynamically determine the appropriate TCP window, based upon RTT information
gathered from the control socket. If bwctl is unable to dynamically determine a
window, the value window will be used.

Default:
Unset (system defaults)

-w, --window window
Socket buffer sizes (bytes). For TCP, this sets the TCP window size. For UDP, this
sets the socket receive buffer size.

Default:
Unset (system defaults)

bwping Test Arguments:
-T, --tool
Specify which throughput tester to use:

ping

owamp

Default:
None. Selects a tool that the client and server have in common

-E, --no_endpoint
Allow a ping test to run where the receiver may not have bwctl available.

-l, --packet_length length
The size of the packets to send for the ping or owamp test

Default:
Minimally sized packets

-N, --num_packets nPackets
The number of packets to send in this test

Default:
10

-i, --packet_interval seconds
The time between when each packet is sent for the test

Default:
1.0 seconds

-t, --ttl ttl
The TTL value to tag each packet with. This only applies to ping tests.

Default:
None

bwtraceroute Test Arguments:
-T, --tool
Specify which throughput tester to use:

traceroute

tracepath

Default:
None. Selects a tool that the client and server have in common

-E, --no_endpoint
Allow a test to run where the receiver may not have bwctl available.

-l, --packet_length length
The size of the packets to send for the tests

Default:
Minimally sized packets

-F, --first_ttl ttl
The minimum TTL to set for traceroute. This sets the first hop in the route that
will be returned. This does not work for tracepath tests.

Default:
None

-M, --max_ttl ttl
The maximum TTL to set for traceroute. This sets the last hop in the route that
will be returned. This does not work for tracepath tests.

Default:
None

-t, --test_duration secondsfR
The maximum amount of time to wait for the traceroute test to finish.

Default:
10 seconds

Scheduling Arguments:
-a, --allow_ntp_unsync syncfuzz
Allow bwctl to run without a synchronized system clock. Use this to specify how far
off the local clock is from UTC. bwctl prefers to have an NTP synchronized system
clock to ensure the two endpoints of the test are actually agreeing to the same
scheduled time window for test execution.

If two systems do NOT have a close enough notion of time, then the throughput test
will eventually fail because one endpoint of the test will attempt to run at a
different time than the other.

If the operating system supports the NTP system calls, and the system clock is
determined to be unsynchronized, error messages will still be reported depending
upon the value of the -e flag.

When calculating the time errors, this value will be aded in to account for the
difference. The maximum time offset can be bounded on the server side, using the
max_time_error directive, to prevent a denial of service attack. If set, the server
will reject any requests to test with a peer that has too high a timestamp error.

Default:
Unset (Defaults to Set for systems without the NTP system calls)

-I, --test_interval interval
Specifies that bwctl should attempt to run a throughput test every interval
seconds.

Default:
Unset. If it is unset, bwctl only runs the test once.

-L, --latest_time longest
Specifies the longest amount of time the client is willing to wait for a
reservation window. When bwctl requests a test from the bwctld server, it specifies
the earliest time and the latest time it is willing to accept. The latest time is
determined by adding this longest option to the earliest time. The earliest time is
essentially 'now'. The longest time is specified as a number of seconds.

Default:
If interval is set, the default is 50% of interval. Otherwise, the default
is twice the test duration time but no smaller than 10 minutes. (See -t.)

-n, --num_tests nIntervals
Number of tests to perform if the -I option is set.

Default:
Continuous

-R, --randomize alpha
Randomize the start time of the test within this alpha percent of the interval.
Valid values for alpha are from 0-50. bwctl will attempt to run the test every
interval +/- alpha percent. For example, if the interval is 300 seconds and alpha
is set to 10 percent, then bwctl will attempt to run a test every 270-330 seconds.
This option is only useful with the -I option.

Default:
0 (no randomness)

Output Arguments:
-d, --output_dir dir
Specifies directory for results files if the -p option is set.

-e, --facility facility
Syslog facility to log messages to.

Default:
LOG_USER

-f, --units units
Specify the units for the tool to use when displaying the results. The accepted
values for units are tool specific.

Iperf:

k Kilobits per second

K Kilobytes per second

m Megabits per second

M Megabytes per second

-h, --help
Print a help message.

-p, --print
Place test results in files. Print the filenames to stdout when results are
complete.

-q, --quiet
Quiet output. Output as little as possible.

-r, --syslog_to_stderr
Send syslog messages to stderr. This is the default unless the -q option is
specified so this option is only useful with the -q option.

-V, --version
Print version information and exit.

-v, --verbose
Verbose output. Specifying additional -v's increases the verbosity.

-x, --both
Output both sender and receiver results. By default, only the results from the
appropriate side for the given tool are output. If the -p option is specified, the
sender results are placed in an additional file.

-y, --format format
Specify the output format of the tool. The accepted values for format are tool
specific.

Iperf:

c [c]omma-separated output

ENVIRONMENT VARIABLES


bwctl Environment Variable use default

────────────────────────────────────────────────────────

BWCTLRC Config file ~/.bwctlrc
BWCTL_DEBUG_TIMEOFFSET Offset 0.0(seconds)

EXAMPLES


bwctl -c somehost.example.com

Run a default 10 second TCP test as soon as possible with local as the sender and
somehost.example.com as the receiver, using whichever tools they have in common.
Return the results from the receive side of the test.

bwctl -x -c somehost.example.com

Like the previous test, but also return the results from the sender side of the
test.

bwctl -x -c somehost.example.com -s otherhost.example.com

Like the previous test, but with otherhost.example.com as the sender instead of
local.

bwctl -t 30 -T iperf -s somehost.example.com

Run a 30 second TCP Iperf test with somehost.example.com as the sender and local as
the receiver.

bwctl -I 3600 -R 10 -t 10 -u -b 10m -s somehost.example.com

Run a 10 second UDP test about every hour (3600 +/- 360 seconds) with the sender
rate limited to 10 Mbits per second from somehost.example.com to local.

bwctl -s somehost.example.com AE AESKEY someuser

Run the default 10 second TCP test. Authenticate using the identity someuser. bwctl
will prompt for a passphrase that will be used to create an AES key.

bwping --no_endpoint -N 30 -i 0.5 --ttl 150 -c somehost.example.com

Run a ping test that sends 30 pings, one packet per half-second, with a TTL of 150
to somehost.example.com from local. If somehost.example.com does not have bwctl
running, the ping test runs anyway.

bwtraceroute -T tracepath -E -c somehost.example.com

Run a tracepath test to somehost.example.com from local. If somehost.example.com
does not have bwctl running, the tracepath test runs anyway.

Use bwping online using onworks.net services


Free Servers & Workstations

Download Windows & Linux apps

  • 1
    OfficeFloor
    OfficeFloor
    OfficeFloor provides inversion of
    coupling control, with its: - dependency
    injection - continuation injection -
    thread injection For more information
    visit the...
    Download OfficeFloor
  • 2
    DivKit
    DivKit
    DivKit is an open source Server-Driven
    UI (SDUI) framework. It allows you to
    roll out server-sourced updates to
    different app versions. Also, it can be
    used fo...
    Download DivKit
  • 3
    subconverter
    subconverter
    Utility to convert between various
    subscription format. Shadowrocket users
    should use ss, ssr or v2ray as target.
    You can add &remark= to
    Telegram-liked HT...
    Download subconverter
  • 4
    SWASH
    SWASH
    SWASH is a general-purpose numerical
    tool for simulating unsteady,
    non-hydrostatic, free-surface,
    rotational flow and transport phenomena
    in coastal waters as ...
    Download SWASH
  • 5
    VBA-M (Archived - Now on Github)
    VBA-M (Archived - Now on Github)
    Project has moved to
    https://github.com/visualboyadvance-m/visualboyadvance-m
    Features:Cheat creationsave statesmulti
    system, supports gba, gbc, gb, sgb,
    sgb2Tu...
    Download VBA-M (Archived - Now on Github)
  • 6
    Stacer
    Stacer
    Linux System Optimizer and Monitoring
    Github Repository:
    https://github.com/oguzhaninan/Stacer.
    Audience: End Users/Desktop. User
    interface: Qt. Programming La...
    Download Stacer
  • More »

Linux commands

Ad