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pdftex - PDF output from TeX


pdftex [options] [&format] [file|\commands]


Run the pdfTeX typesetter on file, usually creating file.pdf. If the file argument has no
extension, ".tex" will be appended to it. Instead of a filename, a set of pdfTeX commands
can be given, the first of which must start with a backslash. With a &format argument
pdfTeX uses a different set of precompiled commands, contained in format.fmt; it is
usually better to use the -fmt format option instead.

pdfTeX is a version of TeX, with the e-TeX extensions, that can create PDF files as well
as DVI files.

In DVI mode, pdfTeX can be used as a complete replacement for the TeX engine.

The typical use of pdfTeX is with a pregenerated formats for which PDF output has been
enabled. The pdftex command uses the equivalent of the plain TeX format, and the pdflatex
command uses the equivalent of the LaTeX format. To generate formats, use the -ini

The pdfinitex and pdfvirtex commands are pdfTeX's analogues to the initex and virtex
commands. In this installation, if the links exist, they are symbolic links to the pdftex

In PDF mode, pdfTeX can natively handle the PDF, JPG, JBIG2, and PNG graphics formats.
pdfTeX cannot include PostScript or Encapsulated PostScript (EPS) graphics files; first
convert them to PDF using epstopdf(1). pdfTeX's handling of its command-line arguments is
similar to that of of the other TeX programs in the web2c implementation.


This version of pdfTeX understands the following command line options.

Sets \pdfdraftmode so pdfTeX doesn't write a PDF and doesn't read any included
images, thus speeding up execution.

-enc Enable the encTeX extensions. This option is only effective in combination with
-ini. For documentation of the encTeX extensions see

-etex Enable the e-TeX extensions. This option is only effective in combination with
-ini. See etex(1).

Print error messages in the form file:line:error which is similar to the way many
compilers format them.

Disable printing error messages in the file:line:error style.

This is the old name of the -file-line-error option.

-fmt format
Use format as the name of the format to be used, instead of the name by which
pdfTeX was called or a %& line.

Exit with an error code when an error is encountered during processing.

-help Print help message and exit.

-ini Start in INI mode, which is used to dump formats. The INI mode can be used for
typesetting, but no format is preloaded, and basic initializations like setting
catcodes may be required.

-interaction mode
Sets the interaction mode. The mode can be either batchmode, nonstopmode,
scrollmode, and errorstopmode. The meaning of these modes is the same as that of
the corresponding \commands.

-ipc Send DVI or PDF output to a socket as well as the usual output file. Whether this
option is available is the choice of the installer.

As -ipc, and starts the server at the other end as well. Whether this option is
available is the choice of the installer.

-jobname name
Use name for the job name, instead of deriving it from the name of the input file.

-kpathsea-debug bitmask
Sets path searching debugging flags according to the bitmask. See the Kpathsea
manual for details.

-mktex fmt
Enable mktexfmt, where fmt must be either tex or tfm.

-mltex Enable MLTeX extensions. Only effective in combination with -ini.

-no-mktex fmt
Disable mktexfmt, where fmt must be either tex or tfm.

-output-comment string
In DVI mode, use string for the DVI file comment instead of the date. This option
is ignored in PDF mode.

-output-directory directory
Write output files in directory instead of the current directory. Look up input
files in directory first, the along the normal search path.

-output-format format
Set the output format mode, where format must be either pdf or dvi. This also
influences the set of graphics formats understood by pdfTeX.

If the first line of the main input file begins with %& parse it to look for a dump
name or a -translate-file option.

Disable parsing of the first line of the main input file.

-progname name
Pretend to be program name. This affects both the format used and the search

Enable the filename recorder. This leaves a trace of the files opened for input
and output in a file with extension .fls.

Enable the \write18{command} construct. The command can be any shell command.
This construct is normally disallowed for security reasons.

Disable the \write18{command} construct, even if it is enabled in the texmf.cnf

In DVI mode, insert source specials into the DVI file. This option is ignored in
PDF mode.

-src-specials where
In DVI mode, insert source specials in certain placed of the DVI file. where is a
comma-separated value list: cr, display, hbox, math, par, parent, or vbox. This
option is ignored in PDF mode.

-translate-file tcxname
Use the tcxname translation table to set the mapping of input characters and re-
mapping of output characters.

-default-translate-file tcxname
Like -translate-file except that a %& line can overrule this setting.

Print version information and exit.


See the Kpathsearch library documentation (the `Path specifications' node) for precise
details of how the environment variables are used. The kpsewhich utility can be used to
query the values of the variables.

One caveat: In most pdfTeX formats, you cannot use ~ in a filename you give directly to
pdfTeX, because ~ is an active character, and hence is expanded, not taken as part of the
filename. Other programs, such as Metafont, do not have this problem.

Normally, pdfTeX puts its output files in the current directory. If any output
file cannot be opened there, it tries to open it in the directory specified in the
environment variable TEXMFOUTPUT. There is no default value for that variable.
For example, if you say pdftex paper and the current directory is not writable and
TEXMFOUTPUT has the value /tmp, pdfTeX attempts to create /tmp/paper.log (and
/tmp/paper.pdf, if any output is produced.) TEXMFOUTPUT is also checked for input
files, as TeX often generates files that need to be subsequently read; for input,
no suffixes (such as ``.tex'') are added by default, the input name is simply
checked as given.

Search path for \input and \openin files. This should start with ``.'', so that
user files are found before system files. An empty path component will be replaced
with the paths defined in the texmf.cnf file. For example, set TEXINPUTS to
".:/home/user/tex:" to prepend the current directory and ``/home/user/tex'' to the
standard search path.

Search path for format files.

search path for pdftex internal strings.

Command template for switching to editor. The default, usually vi, is set when
pdfTeX is compiled.

Search path for font metric (.tfm) files.

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