EnglishFrenchSpanish

Ad


OnWorks favicon

delv - Online in the Cloud

Run delv in OnWorks free hosting provider over Ubuntu Online, Fedora Online, Windows online emulator or MAC OS online emulator

This is the command delv that can be run in the OnWorks free hosting provider using one of our multiple free online workstations such as Ubuntu Online, Fedora Online, Windows online emulator or MAC OS online emulator

PROGRAM:

NAME


delv - DNS lookup and validation utility

SYNOPSIS


delv [@server] [-4] [-6] [-a anchor-file] [-b address] [-c class] [-d level] [-i] [-m]
[-p port#] [-q name] [-t type] [-x addr] [name] [type] [class] [queryopt...]

delv [-h]

delv [-v]

delv [queryopt...] [query...]

DESCRIPTION


delv (Domain Entity Lookup & Validation) is a tool for sending DNS queries and validating
the results, using the the same internal resolver and validator logic as named.

delv will send to a specified name server all queries needed to fetch and validate the
requested data; this includes the original requested query, subsequent queries to follow
CNAME or DNAME chains, and queries for DNSKEY, DS and DLV records to establish a chain of
trust for DNSSEC validation. It does not perform iterative resolution, but simulates the
behavior of a name server configured for DNSSEC validating and forwarding.

By default, responses are validated using built-in DNSSEC trust anchors for the root zone
(".") and for the ISC DNSSEC lookaside validation zone ("dlv.isc.org"). Records returned
by delv are either fully validated or were not signed. If validation fails, an explanation
of the failure is included in the output; the validation process can be traced in detail.
Because delv does not rely on an external server to carry out validation, it can be used
to check the validity of DNS responses in environments where local name servers may not be
trustworthy.

Unless it is told to query a specific name server, delv will try each of the servers
listed in /etc/resolv.conf. If no usable server addresses are found, delv will send
queries to the localhost addresses (127.0.0.1 for IPv4, ::1 for IPv6).

When no command line arguments or options are given, delv will perform an NS query for "."
(the root zone).

SIMPLE USAGE


A typical invocation of delv looks like:

delv @server name type

where:

server
is the name or IP address of the name server to query. This can be an IPv4 address in
dotted-decimal notation or an IPv6 address in colon-delimited notation. When the
supplied server argument is a hostname, delv resolves that name before querying that
name server (note, however, that this initial lookup is not validated by DNSSEC).

If no server argument is provided, delv consults /etc/resolv.conf; if an address is
found there, it queries the name server at that address. If either of the -4 or -6
options are in use, then only addresses for the corresponding transport will be tried.
If no usable addresses are found, delv will send queries to the localhost addresses
(127.0.0.1 for IPv4, ::1 for IPv6).

name
is the domain name to be looked up.

type
indicates what type of query is required — ANY, A, MX, etc. type can be any valid
query type. If no type argument is supplied, delv will perform a lookup for an A
record.

OPTIONS


-a anchor-file
Specifies a file from which to read DNSSEC trust anchors. The default is
/etc/bind.keys, which is included with BIND 9 and contains trust anchors for the root
zone (".") and for the ISC DNSSEC lookaside validation zone ("dlv.isc.org").

Keys that do not match the root or DLV trust-anchor names are ignored; these key names
can be overridden using the +dlv=NAME or +root=NAME options.

Note: When reading the trust anchor file, delv treats managed-keys statements and
trusted-keys statements identically. That is, for a managed key, it is the initial key
that is trusted; RFC 5011 key management is not supported. delv will not consult the
managed-keys database maintained by named. This means that if either of the keys in
/etc/bind.keys is revoked and rolled over, it will be necessary to update
/etc/bind.keys to use DNSSEC validation in delv.

-b address
Sets the source IP address of the query to address. This must be a valid address on
one of the host's network interfaces or "0.0.0.0" or "::". An optional source port may
be specified by appending "#<port>"

-c class
Sets the query class for the requested data. Currently, only class "IN" is supported
in delv and any other value is ignored.

-d level
Set the systemwide debug level to level. The allowed range is from 0 to 99. The
default is 0 (no debugging). Debugging traces from delv become more verbose as the
debug level increases. See the +mtrace, +rtrace, and +vtrace options below for
additional debugging details.

-h
Display the delv help usage output and exit.

-i
Insecure mode. This disables internal DNSSEC validation. (Note, however, this does not
set the CD bit on upstream queries. If the server being queried is performing DNSSEC
validation, then it will not return invalid data; this can cause delv to time out.
When it is necessary to examine invalid data to debug a DNSSEC problem, use dig +cd.)

-m
Enables memory usage debugging.

-p port#
Specifies a destination port to use for queries instead of the standard DNS port
number 53. This option would be used with a name server that has been configured to
listen for queries on a non-standard port number.

-q name
Sets the query name to name. While the query name can be specified without using the
-q, it is sometimes necessary to disambiguate names from types or classes (for
example, when looking up the name "ns", which could be misinterpreted as the type NS,
or "ch", which could be misinterpreted as class CH).

-t type
Sets the query type to type, which can be any valid query type supported in BIND 9
except for zone transfer types AXFR and IXFR. As with -q, this is useful to
distinguish query name type or class when they are ambiguous. it is sometimes
necessary to disambiguate names from types.

The default query type is "A", unless the -x option is supplied to indicate a reverse
lookup, in which case it is "PTR".

-v
Print the delv version and exit.

-x addr
Performs a reverse lookup, mapping an addresses to a name. addr is an IPv4 address in
dotted-decimal notation, or a colon-delimited IPv6 address. When -x is used, there is
no need to provide the name or type arguments. delv automatically performs a lookup
for a name like 11.12.13.10.in-addr.arpa and sets the query type to PTR. IPv6
addresses are looked up using nibble format under the IP6.ARPA domain.

-4
Forces delv to only use IPv4.

-6
Forces delv to only use IPv6.

QUERY OPTIONS


delv provides a number of query options which affect the way results are displayed, and in
some cases the way lookups are performed.

Each query option is identified by a keyword preceded by a plus sign (+). Some keywords
set or reset an option. These may be preceded by the string no to negate the meaning of
that keyword. Other keywords assign values to options like the timeout interval. They have
the form +keyword=value. The query options are:

+[no]cdflag
Controls whether to set the CD (checking disabled) bit in queries sent by delv. This
may be useful when troubleshooting DNSSEC problems from behind a validating resolver.
A validating resolver will block invalid responses, making it difficult to retrieve
them for analysis. Setting the CD flag on queries will cause the resolver to return
invalid responses, which delv can then validate internally and report the errors in
detail.

+[no]class
Controls whether to display the CLASS when printing a record. The default is to
display the CLASS.

+[no]ttl
Controls whether to display the TTL when printing a record. The default is to display
the TTL.

+[no]rtrace
Toggle resolver fetch logging. This reports the name and type of each query sent by
delv in the process of carrying out the resolution and validation process: this
includes including the original query and all subsequent queries to follow CNAMEs and
to establish a chain of trust for DNSSEC validation.

This is equivalent to setting the debug level to 1 in the "resolver" logging category.
Setting the systemwide debug level to 1 using the -d option will product the same
output (but will affect other logging categories as well).

+[no]mtrace
Toggle message logging. This produces a detailed dump of the responses received by
delv in the process of carrying out the resolution and validation process.

This is equivalent to setting the debug level to 10 for the the "packets" module of
the "resolver" logging category. Setting the systemwide debug level to 10 using the -d
option will produce the same output (but will affect other logging categories as
well).

+[no]vtrace
Toggle validation logging. This shows the internal process of the validator as it
determines whether an answer is validly signed, unsigned, or invalid.

This is equivalent to setting the debug level to 3 for the the "validator" module of
the "dnssec" logging category. Setting the systemwide debug level to 3 using the -d
option will produce the same output (but will affect other logging categories as
well).

+[no]short
Provide a terse answer. The default is to print the answer in a verbose form.

+[no]comments
Toggle the display of comment lines in the output. The default is to print comments.

+[no]rrcomments
Toggle the display of per-record comments in the output (for example, human-readable
key information about DNSKEY records). The default is to print per-record comments.

+[no]crypto
Toggle the display of cryptographic fields in DNSSEC records. The contents of these
field are unnecessary to debug most DNSSEC validation failures and removing them makes
it easier to see the common failures. The default is to display the fields. When
omitted they are replaced by the string "[omitted]" or in the DNSKEY case the key id
is displayed as the replacement, e.g. "[ key id = value ]".

+[no]trust
Controls whether to display the trust level when printing a record. The default is to
display the trust level.

+[no]split[=W]
Split long hex- or base64-formatted fields in resource records into chunks of W
characters (where W is rounded up to the nearest multiple of 4). +nosplit or +split=0
causes fields not to be split at all. The default is 56 characters, or 44 characters
when multiline mode is active.

+[no]all
Set or clear the display options +[no]comments, +[no]rrcomments, and +[no]trust as a
group.

+[no]multiline
Print long records (such as RRSIG, DNSKEY, and SOA records) in a verbose multi-line
format with human-readable comments. The default is to print each record on a single
line, to facilitate machine parsing of the delv output.

+[no]dnssec
Indicates whether to display RRSIG records in the delv output. The default is to do
so. Note that (unlike in dig) this does not control whether to request DNSSEC records
or whether to validate them. DNSSEC records are always requested, and validation will
always occur unless suppressed by the use of -i or +noroot and +nodlv.

+[no]root[=ROOT]
Indicates whether to perform conventional (non-lookaside) DNSSEC validation, and if
so, specifies the name of a trust anchor. The default is to validate using a trust
anchor of "." (the root zone), for which there is a built-in key. If specifying a
different trust anchor, then -a must be used to specify a file containing the key.

+[no]dlv[=DLV]
Indicates whether to perform DNSSEC lookaside validation, and if so, specifies the
name of the DLV trust anchor. The default is to perform lookaside validation using a
trust anchor of "dlv.isc.org", for which there is a built-in key. If specifying a
different name, then -a must be used to specify a file containing the DLV key.

Use delv online using onworks.net services


Free Servers & Workstations

Download Windows & Linux apps

  • 1
    wxPython
    wxPython
    A set of Python extension modules that
    wrap the cross-platform GUI classes from
    wxWidgets.. Audience: Developers. User
    interface: X Window System (X11), Win32 ...
    Download wxPython
  • 2
    packfilemanager
    packfilemanager
    This is the Total War pack file manager
    project, starting from version 1.7. A
    short introduction into Warscape
    modding: ...
    Download packfilemanager
  • 3
    IPerf2
    IPerf2
    A network traffic tool for measuring
    TCP and UDP performance with metrics
    around both throughput and latency. The
    goals include maintaining an active
    iperf cod...
    Download IPerf2
  • 4
    fre:ac - free audio converter
    fre:ac - free audio converter
    fre:ac is a free audio converter and CD
    ripper for various formats and encoders.
    It features MP3, MP4/M4A, WMA, Ogg
    Vorbis, FLAC, AAC, and Bonk format
    support, ...
    Download fre:ac - free audio converter
  • 5
    BotMan
    BotMan
    Write your chatbot logic once and
    connect it to one of the available
    messaging services, including Amazon
    Alexa, Facebook Messenger, Slack,
    Telegram or even yo...
    Download BotMan
  • 6
    gerbv  a Gerber (RS-274X) viewer
    gerbv a Gerber (RS-274X) viewer
    Gerbv is an open source Gerber file
    (RS-274X only) viewer. Gerbv lets you
    load several files on top of each other,
    do measurements on the displayed image,
    etc. ...
    Download gerbv a Gerber (RS-274X) viewer
  • 7
    Iometer
    Iometer
    I/O performance Analysis Tool.
    Audience: Developers, Information
    Technology, Science/Research, System
    Administrators. User interface: Win32
    (MS Windows). Progr...
    Download Iometer
  • More »

Linux commands

Ad