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dvi2ps - convert a DVI file to PostScript


dvi2ps [-D var=val] [-F fontdesc] [-K] [-R n] [-S]
[-c output-file] [-d] [-f n] [-i file] [-m n] [-n n]
[-o str] [-q] [-r] [-s file] [-t n] [-w]


This program converts a DVI file to PostScript, and writes the result to standard output.
If no dvifile is given, it reads from standard input. The setting for the printer is
given by the fontdesc file.


-D var=val
specify a value of a variable var as val.

-F fontdesc
specify a fontdesc file.

-K remove comments from included PS files.

-R n specify the resolution of the printer (n dpi).

-S turn on printing of statistics. Some versions of dvi2ps will optionally print
statistics about font usage and some other information that is generally only
interesting to developers. On these systems, -S turns on the statistics printing.

-c output-file
write the output to output-file instead of the standard output.

-d select debugging output (you probably don't want to).

-f n specify a starting page number (this is a TeX page number - \count0).

-i file
copy the named file to the output. The contents of the file named will be copied
to the Prolog-part (cf. PostScript Document Structuring Convention) of the output.

-m0 | -mh | -m1 | -m2 | -m3 | -m4 | -m5
specify a magstep to use to print the document. This overrides whatever might be
in the DVI file.

-m n specify a magnification to use to print the document. Magic numbers 1000, 1095,
1200, 1440, 1728, 2074 or 2488 correspond to above magsteps.

-n n specify the number of copies to print.

-o str specify a printing option. Valid options are letter, note, legal, tabloid, a3, a4,
a5, b4, b5, landscape, letterlandscape, notelandscape, legalenvelope,
tabloidlandscape, a3landscape, a4landscape, a5landscape, b4landscape, b5landscape,
envelope, large, small, and manualfeed. This argument may be repeated several
times. envelope is a variant of landscape that selects manual feed and does proper
positioning for regular envelopes.

-q be quiet. Don't chatter about pages converted, etc.

-r stack pages in reverse order. Normally, the DVI pages are processed in reverse
order, with the result that they are stacked in the correct order in the output
tray. This option reverses that.

-s file
copy the named file to the output. The contents of the file named will be copied
to the Setup-part (cf. PostScript Document Structuring Convention) of the output.

-t n specify an ending page number.

-w Don't print out warnings.


This is a `bare bones' DVI-to-PostScript program. Minimal error checking is done.

Not all fonts are available in the resolution needed to display on the laser printer;
when a missing font is encountered, dvi2ps will continue to process your DVI file, and
will log a warning message. Gaps will appear in the document where the missing characters
should have been.

It can take up to 60 seconds for the first page to be output. After a head of steam has
been built up, it can roll along at 5-10 seconds per page.


This program supports use of the \special command in TeX to include special PostScript
code for graphics, etc. Specifying \special{psfile=foo.ps} in the TeX source will result
in the contents of file foo.ps (assumed to contain PostScript code) being copied into the
output at that point. For most included graphics, the user's (0,0) point will be set to
the point of the \special command with x and y coordinates increasing up and to the right
and in units of PostScript points (72/inch) — thus you must explicitly leave space above
the \special command for most graphics. For graphics produced by Apple Macintoshes (i.e.,
MacDraw, MacPaint, etc.), the top left corner of the drawing will be at the point of the
\special command; in this case you must leave the required space below the \special.

The \special string can contain any number of the following keyword=value pairs, separated
by blanks:

Keyword Value Type (dimensions in points: 72 pt = 1 in)

psfile string - PostScript file to include
epsfile string - Encapsulated PostScript file to include
hsize dimension - maximum horizontal size (for clipping)
vsize dimension - maximum vertical size (for clipping). Use negative values to
specify a clipping region below the current position.
hoffset dimension - amount to shift right
voffset dimension - amount to shift up
hscale number - scale factor in x-dimension
vscale number - scale factor in y-dimension
rotation number - counter-clockwise rotation angle

\special{psfile=foo.ps hoffset=72 hscale=0.9 vscale=0.9}
will shift the graphics produced by file foo.ps right by 1", and will draw it at 0.9
normal size.

hsize and vsize are given relative to the (0,0) point of the drawing and are unaffected by
offsets and scales.

Offsets are given relative to the point of the \special command, and are unaffected by

If Macintosh drawings are to be included, the proper LaserPrep file must be downloaded to
the printer, either permanently or as another header file in addition to the standard
tex.ps header file.

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