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hls - list files in an HFS directory


hls [options] [hfs-path ...]


hls lists files and directories contained in an HFS volume. If one or more arguments are
given, each specified file or directory is shown; otherwise, the contents of the current
working directory are shown.


-1 Output is formatted such that each entry appears on a single line. This is the
default when stdout is not a terminal.

-a All files and directories are shown, including "invisible" files, as would be
perceived by the Macintosh Finder. Normally invisible files are omitted from
directory listings.

-b Special characters are displayed in an escaped backslash notation. Normally special
or non-printable characters in filenames are replaced by a question mark (?).

-c Sort and display entries by their creation date, rather than their modification

-d List directory entries themselves rather than their contents. Normally the contents
are shown for named directories on the command-line.

-f Do not sort directory contents; list them in the order they appear in the
directory. This option effectively enables -a and -U and disables -l, -s, and -t.

-i Show the catalog IDs for each entry. Every file and directory on an HFS volume has
a unique catalog ID.

-l Display entries in long format. This format shows the entry type ("d" for directory
or "f" for file), flags ("i" for invisible), file type and creator (four-character
strings for files only), size (number of directory sub-contents or file resource
and data bytes, respectively), date of last modification (or creation, with -c
flag), and pathname. Macintosh "locked" files are indicated by "F" in place of "f".

-m Display entries in a continuous format separated by commas.

-q Replace special and non-printable characters in displayed filenames with question
marks (?). This is the default when stdout is connected to a terminal.

-r Sort entries in reverse order before displaying.

-s Show the file size for each entry in 1K block units. The size includes blocks used
for both data and resource forks.

-t Sort and display entries by time. Normally files will be sorted by name. This
option uses the last modification date to sort unless -c is also specified.

-x Display entries in column format like -C, but sorted horizontally into rows rather
than columns.

-w width
Format output lines suitable for display in the given width. Normally the width
will be determined from your terminal, from the environment variable COLUMNS, or
from a default value of 80.

-C Display entries in column format with entries sorted vertically. This is the
default output format when stdout is connected to a terminal.

-F Cause certain output filenames to be followed by a single-character flag indicating
the nature of the entry; directories are followed by a colon (:) and executable
Macintosh applications are followed by an asterisk (*).

-N Cause all filenames to be output verbatim without any escaping or question-mark

-Q Cause all filenames to be enclosed within double-quotes (") and special/non-
printable characters to be properly escaped.

-R For each directory that is encountered in a listing, recursively descend into and
display its contents.

-S Sort and display entries by size. For files, the combined resource and data lengths
are used to compute a file's size.

-U Do not sort directory contents; list them in the order they appear in the
directory. On HFS volumes, this is usually an alphabetical case-insensitive
ordering, although there are some idiosyncrasies to the Macintosh implementation of
ordering. This option does not affect -a, -l, or -s.

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