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jackd - Online in the Cloud

Run jackd in OnWorks free hosting provider over Ubuntu Online, Fedora Online, Windows online emulator or MAC OS online emulator

This is the command jackd that can be run in the OnWorks free hosting provider using one of our multiple free online workstations such as Ubuntu Online, Fedora Online, Windows online emulator or MAC OS online emulator

PROGRAM:

NAME


jackd - JACK Audio Connection Kit sound server

SYNOPSIS


jackd [options] -d backend [backend-parameters]
jackd --help

DESCRIPTION


jackd is the JACK audio server daemon, a low-latency audio server. Originally written for
the GNU/Linux operating system, it also supports Mac OS X and various Unix platforms.
JACK can connect a number of different client applications to an audio device and also to
each other. Most clients are external, running in their own processes as normal
applications. JACK also supports internal clients, which run within the jackd process
using a loadable "plugin" interface.

JACK differs from other audio servers in being designed from the ground up for
professional audio work. It focuses on two key areas: synchronous execution of all
clients, and low latency operation.

For the latest JACK information, please consult the web site, <http://www.jackaudio.org>.

OPTIONS


-d, --driver backend [backend-parameters ]
Select the audio interface backend. The current list of supported backends is:
alsa, coreaudio, dummy, freebob, oss sun and portaudio. They are not all available
on all platforms. All backend-parameters are optional.

-h, --help
Print a brief usage message describing the main jackd options. These do not
include backend-parameters, which are listed using the --help option for each
specific backend. Examples below show how to list them.

-m, --no-mlock
Do not attempt to lock memory, even if --realtime.

-n, --name server-name
Name this jackd instance server-name. If unspecified, this name comes from the
$JACK_DEFAULT_SERVER environment variable. It will be "default" if that is not
defined.

-p, --port-max n
Set the maximum number of ports the JACK server can manage. The default value is
256.

--replace-registry
Remove the shared memory registry used by all JACK server instances before startup.
This should rarely be used, and is intended only for occasions when the structure
of this registry changes in ways that are incompatible across JACK versions (which
is rare).

-R, --realtime
Use realtime scheduling (default = true). This is needed for reliable low-latency
performance. On many systems, it requires jackd to run with special scheduler and
memory allocation privileges, which may be obtained in several ways.

-r, --no-realtime
Do not use realtime scheduling.

-P, --realtime-priority int
When running --realtime, set the scheduler priority to int.

--silent
Silence any output during operation.

-T, --temporary
Exit once all clients have closed their connections.

-t, --timeout int
Set client timeout limit in milliseconds. The default is 500 msec. In realtime
mode the client timeout must be smaller than the watchdog timeout (5000 msec).

-Z, --nozombies
Prevent JACK from ever kicking out clients because they were too slow. This
cancels the effect any specified timeout value, but JACK and its clients are still
subject to the supervision of the watchdog thread or its equivalent.

-u, --unlock
Unlock libraries GTK+, QT, FLTK, Wine.

-v, --verbose
Give verbose output.

-c, --clocksource ( h(pet) | s(ystem) )
Select a specific wall clock (HPET timer, System timer).

-V, --version
Print the current JACK version number and exit.

ALSA BACKEND OPTIONS
-C, --capture [ name ]
Provide only capture ports, unless combined with -D or -P. Parameterally set
capture device name.

-d, --device name
The ALSA pcm device name to use. If none is specified, JACK will use "hw:0", the
first hardware card defined in /etc/modules.conf.

-z, --dither [rectangular,triangular,shaped,none]
Set dithering mode. If none or unspecified, dithering is off. Only the first
letter of the mode name is required.

-D, --duplex
Provide both capture and playback ports. Defaults to on unless only one of -P or
-C is specified.

-h, --help Print a brief usage message describing only the
alsa backend parameters.

-M, --hwmeter
Enable hardware metering for devices that support it. Otherwise, use software
metering.

-H, --hwmon
Enable hardware monitoring of capture ports. This is a method for obtaining "zero
latency" monitoring of audio input. It requires support in hardware and from the
underlying ALSA device driver.

When enabled, requests to monitor capture ports will be satisfied by creating a
direct signal path between audio interface input and output connectors, with no
processing by the host computer at all. This offers the lowest possible latency
for the monitored signal.

Presently (March 2003), only the RME Hammerfall series and cards based on the
ICE1712 chipset (M-Audio Delta series, Terratec, and others) support --hwmon. In
the future, some consumer cards may also be supported by modifying their mixer
settings.

Without --hwmon, port monitoring requires JACK to read audio into system memory,
then copy it back out to the hardware again, imposing the basic JACK system latency
determined by the --period and --nperiods parameters.

-i, --inchannels int
Number of capture channels. Default is maximum supported by hardware.

-I --input-latency
Extra input latency (frames) (default: 0)

-n, --nperiods int
Specify the number of periods of playback latency. In seconds, this corresponds to
--nperiods times --period divided by --rate. The default is 2, the minimum
allowable. For most devices, there is no need for any other value with the
--realtime option. Without realtime privileges or with boards providing unreliable
interrupts (like ymfpci), a larger value may yield fewer xruns. This can also help
if the system is not tuned for reliable realtime scheduling.

For most ALSA devices, the hardware buffer has exactly --period times --nperiods
frames. Some devices demand a larger buffer. If so, JACK will use the smallest
possible buffer containing at least --nperiods, but the playback latency does not
increase.

For USB audio devices it is recommended to use -n 3. Firewire devices supported by
FFADO (formerly Freebob) are configured with -n 3 by default.

-o, --outchannels int
Number of playback channels. Default is maximum supported by hardware.

-O --output-latency
Extra output latency (frames) (default: 0)

-P, --playback [ name ]
Provide only playback ports, unless combined with -D or -C. Optionally set
playback device name.

-p, --period int
Specify the number of frames between JACK process() calls. This value must be a
power of 2, and the default is 1024. If you need low latency, set -p as low as you
can go without seeing xruns. A larger period size yields higher latency, but makes
xruns less likely. The JACK capture latency in seconds is --period divided by
--rate.

-r, --rate int
Specify the sample rate. The default is 48000.

-S, --shorts
Try to configure card for 16-bit samples first, only trying 32-bits if
unsuccessful. Default is to prefer 32-bit samples.

-s, --softmode
Ignore xruns reported by the ALSA driver. This makes JACK less likely to
disconnect unresponsive ports when running without --realtime.

-X, --midi [seq|raw]
Specify which ALSA MIDI system to provide access to. Using raw will provide a set
of JACK MIDI ports that correspond to each raw ALSA device on the machine. Using
seq will provide a set of JACK MIDI ports that correspond to each ALSA "sequencer"
client (which includes each hardware MIDI port on the machine). raw provides
slightly better performance but does not permit JACK MIDI communication with
software written to use the ALSA "sequencer" API.

COREAUDIO BACKEND PARAMETERS
-c --channels
Maximum number of channels (default: 2)

-i --inchannels
Maximum number of input channels (default: 2)

-o --outchannels
Maximum number of output channels (default: 2)

-C --capture
Whether or not to capture (default: true)

-P --playback
Whether or not to playback (default: true)

-D --monitor
Provide monitor ports for the output (default: false)

-D --duplex
Capture and playback (default: true)

-r --rate
Sample rate (default: 44100)

-p --period
Frames per period (default: 128). Must be a power of 2.

-d --device
CoreAudio device name (default: none)

-I --input-latency
Extra input latency (frames) (default: 0)

-O --output-latency
Extra output latency (frames) (default: 0)

-l --list-devices
Display available CoreAudio devices (default: false)

-H --hog
Take exclusive access of the audio device (default: false)

-L --async-latency
Extra output latency in asynchronous mode (percent) (default: 100)

-G --grain
Computation grain in RT thread (percent) (default: 100)

-s --clock-drift
Whether to compensate clock drift in dynamically created aggregate device (default:
false)

DUMMY BACKEND PARAMETERS
-C, --capture int
Specify number of capture ports. The default value is 2.

-P, --playback int
Specify number of playback ports. The default value is 2.

-r, --rate int
Specify sample rate. The default value is 48000.

-p, --period int
Specify the number of frames between JACK process() calls. This value must be a
power of 2, and the default is 1024. If you need low latency, set -p as low as you
can go without seeing xruns. A larger period size yields higher latency, but makes
xruns less likely. The JACK capture latency in seconds is --period divided by
--rate.

-w, --wait int
Specify number of usecs to wait between engine processes. The default value is
21333.

NETONE BACKEND PARAMETERS
-i, --audio-ins int
Number of capture channels (default: 2)

-o, --audio-outs int
Number of playback channels (default: 2)

-I, --midi-ins int
Number of midi capture channels (default: 1)

-O, --midi-outs int
Number of midi playback channels (default: 1)

-r, --rate int
Sample rate (default: 48000)

-p, --period int
Frames per period (default: 1024)

-n, --num-periods int
Network latency setting in no. of periods (default: 5)

-l, --listen-port int
The socket port we are listening on for sync packets (default: 3000)

-f, --factor int
Factor for sample rate reduction (default: 1)

-u, --upstream-factor int
Factor for sample rate reduction on the upstream (default: 0)

-c, --celt int
sets celt encoding and number of kbits per channel (default: 0)

-b, --bit-depth int
Sample bit-depth (0 for float, 8 for 8bit and 16 for 16bit) (default: 0)

-t, --transport-sync int
Whether to slave the transport to the master transport (default: true)

-a, --autoconf int
Whether to use Autoconfig, or just start. (default: true)

-R, --redundancy int
Send packets N times (default: 1)

-e, --native-endian int
Dont convert samples to network byte order. (default: false)

-J, --jitterval int
attempted jitterbuffer microseconds on master (default: 0)

-D, --always-deadline int
always use deadline (default: false)

OSS BACKEND PARAMETERS
-r, --rate int
Specify the sample rate. The default is 48000.

-p, --period int
Specify the number of frames between JACK process() calls. This value must be a
power of 2, and the default is 1024. If you need low latency, set -p as low as you
can go without seeing xruns. A larger period size yields higher latency, but makes
xruns less likely. The JACK capture latency in seconds is --period divided by
--rate.

-n, --nperiods int
Specify the number of periods in the hardware buffer. The default is 2. The
period size (-p) times --nperiods times four is the JACK buffer size in bytes. The
JACK output latency in seconds is --nperiods times --period divided by --rate.

-w, --wordlength int
Specify the sample size in bits. The default is 16.

-i, --inchannels int
Specify how many channels to capture (default: 2)

-o, --outchannels int
Specify number of playback channels (default: 2)

-C, --capture device_file
Specify input device for capture (default: /dev/dsp)

-P, --playback device_file
Specify output device for playback (default: /dev/dsp)

-b, --ignorehwbuf boolean
Specify, whether to ignore hardware period size (default: false)

-I --input-latency
Extra input latency (frames) (default: 0)

-O --output-latency
Extra output latency (frames) (default: 0)

SUN BACKEND PARAMETERS
-r, --rate int
Specify the sample rate. The default is 48000.

-p, --period int
Specify the number of frames between JACK process() calls. This value must be a
power of 2, and the default is 1024. If you need low latency, set -p as low as you
can go without seeing xruns. A larger period size yields higher latency, but makes
xruns less likely. The JACK capture latency in seconds is --period divided by
--rate.

-n, --nperiods int
Specify the number of periods in the hardware buffer. The default is 2. The
period size (-p) times --nperiods times four (assuming 2 channels 16-bit samples)
is the JACK buffer size in bytes. The JACK output latency in seconds is --nperiods
times --period divided by --rate.

-w, --wordlength int
Specify the sample size in bits. The default is 16.

-i, --inchannels int
Specify how many channels to capture (default: 2)

-o, --outchannels int
Specify number of playback channels (default: 2)

-C, --capture device_file
Specify input device for capture (default: /dev/audio)

-P, --playback device_file
Specify output device for playback (default: /dev/audio)

-b, --ignorehwbuf boolean
Specify, whether to ignore hardware period size (default: false)

PORTAUDIO BACKEND PARAMETERS
-c --channel
Maximum number of channels (default: all available hardware channels)

-i --channelin
Maximum number of input channels (default: all available hardware channels)

-I --input-latency
Extra input latency (frames) (default: 0)

-o --channelout
Maximum number of output channels (default: all available hardware channels)

-O --output-latency
Extra output latency (frames) (default: 0)

-C --capture
Whether or not to capture (default: true)

-P --playback
Whether or not to playback (default: true)

-D --duplex
Capture and playback (default: true)

-r --rate
Sample rate (default: 48000)

-p --period
Frames per period (default: 1024). Must be a power of 2.

-n --name
Driver name (default: none)

-z --dither
Dithering mode (default: none)

EXAMPLES


Print usage message for the parameters specific to each backend.

jackd -d alsa --help
jackd -d coreaudio --help
jackd -d net --help
jackd -d dummy --help
jackd -d firewire --help
jackd -d freebob --help
jackd -d oss --help
jackd -d sun --help
jackd -d portaudio --help

Run the JACK daemon with realtime priority using the first ALSA hardware card defined in
/etc/modules.conf.

jackstart --realtime --driver=alsa

Run the JACK daemon with low latency giving verbose output, which can be helpful for
trouble-shooting system latency problems. A reasonably well-tuned system with a good
sound card and a low-latency kernel can handle these values reliably. Some can do better.
If you get xrun messages, try a larger buffer. Tuning a system for low latency can be
challenging. The JACK FAQ, http://jackit.sourceforge.net/docs/faq.php has some useful
suggestions.

jackstart -Rv -d alsa -p 128 -n 2 -r 44100

Run jackd with realtime priority using the "sblive" ALSA device defined in ~/.asoundrc.
Apply shaped dithering to playback audio.

jackd -R -d alsa -d sblive --dither=shaped

Run jackd with no special privileges using the second ALSA hardware card defined in
/etc/modules.conf. Any xruns reported by the ALSA backend will be ignored. The larger
buffer helps reduce data loss. Rectangular dithering will be used for playback.

jackd -d alsa -d hw:1 -p2048 -n3 --softmode -zr

Run jackd in full-duplex mode using the ALSA hw:0,0 device for playback and the hw:0,2
device for capture.

jackd -d alsa -P hw:0,0 -C hw:0,2

Run jackd in playback-only mode using the ALSA hw:0,0 device.

jackd -d alsa -P hw:0,0

ENVIRONMENT


JACK is evolving a mechanism for automatically starting the server when needed. Any
client started without a running JACK server will attempt to start one itself using the
command line found in the first line of $HOME/.jackdrc if it exists, or /etc/jackdrc if it
does not. If neither file exists, a built-in default command will be used, including the
-T flag, which causes the server to shut down when all clients have exited.

As a transition, this only happens when $JACK_START_SERVER is defined in the environment
of the calling process. In the future this will become normal behavior. In either case,
defining $JACK_NO_START_SERVER disables this feature.

To change where JACK looks for the backend drivers, set $JACK_DRIVER_DIR.

$JACK_DEFAULT_SERVER specifies the default server name. If not defined, the string
"default" is used. If set in their respective environments, this affects jackd unless its
--name parameter is set, and all JACK clients unless they pass an explicit name to
jack_client_open().

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