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links - Online in the Cloud

Run links in OnWorks free hosting provider over Ubuntu Online, Fedora Online, Windows online emulator or MAC OS online emulator

This is the command links that can be run in the OnWorks free hosting provider using one of our multiple free online workstations such as Ubuntu Online, Fedora Online, Windows online emulator or MAC OS online emulator



links - lynx-like alternative character mode WWW browser


links [options] URL


links is a text mode WWW browser with ncurses interface, supporting colors, correct table
rendering, background downloading, menu driven configuration interface and slim code.

Frames are supported. You can have different file formats associated with external
viewers. mailto: and telnet: are supported via external clients.

links can handle local (file://) or remote (http:// or ftp://) URLs.


Most options can be set in the user interface or config file, so usually you do not need
to care about them.

-help Print a help screen

Prints the links version number and exit.

-lookup <hostname>
Does name lookup, like command "host".

Treat files with unknown type as html rather than text. (can be toggled with '\'

-source <url>
Write unformatted data stream to stdout.

-dump <url>
Write formatted document to stdout.

-width <number>
For dump, document will be formatted to this screen width (but it can still exceed
it if lines can't be broken).

-codepage <codepage>
For dump, convert output to specified character set -- for example iso-8859-2,

Restrict links so that it can run on an anonymous account. No local file browsing.
No downloads. Executing of viewers is allowed, but user can't add or modify entries
in association table.

Runs links as a separate instance - instead of connecting to existing instance.

-download-dir <path>
Default download directory. (default: actual dir)

-language <language>
Set user interface language.

-max-connections <max>
Maximum number of concurrent connections. (default: 10)

-max-connections-to-host <max>
Maximum number of concurrent connection to a given host. (default: 2)

-retries <retry>
Number of retries. (default: 3)

-receive-timeout <sec>
Timeout on receive. (default: 120)

-unrestartable-receive-timeout <sec>
Timeout on non restartable connections. (default: 600)

-bind-address <ip address>
Use a specific local IP address.

-bind-address-ipv6 <ipv6 address>
Use a specific local IPv6 address.

Don't use libevent library.

Don't use OpenMP.

-async-dns <0>/<1>
Asynchronous DNS resolver on(1)/off(0).

-download-utime <0>/<1>
Set time of downloaded files to last modification time reported by server.

-format-cache-size <num>
Number of formatted document pages cached. (default: 5)

-memory-cache-size <bytes>
Cache memory in bytes. (default: 1048576)

-image-cache-size <bytes>
Cache memory in bytes. (default: 1048576)

-font-cache-size <bytes>
Cache memory in bytes. (default: 2097152)

-aggressive-cache <0>/<1>
Always cache everything regardless of server's caching recomendations. Many
servers deny caching even if their content is not changing just to get more hits
and more money from ads.

-address-preference <0>/<1>/<2>/<3>/<4>
(default 0) 0 - use system default. 1 - prefer IPv4. 2 - prefer IPv6. 3 - use
only IPv4. 4 - use only IPv6.

-http-proxy <host:port>
Host and port number of the HTTP proxy, or blank. (default: blank)

-ftp-proxy <host:port>
Host and port number of the FTP proxy, or blank. (default: blank)

-https-proxy <host:port>
Host and port number of the HTTPS proxy, or blank. (default: blank)

-socks-proxy <user@host:port>
Userid, host and port of Socks4a, or blank. (default: blank)

-append-text-to-dns-lookups <text>
Append text to dns lookups. It is useful for specifying fixed tor exit node.
(default: blank)

-only-proxies <0>/<1>
"1" causes that Links won't initiate any non-proxy connection. It is useful for
anonymization with tor or similar networks.

-ssl.certificates <0>/<1>/<2>
(default 1) 0 - ignore invalid certificate. 1 - warn on invalid certificate. 2 -
reject invalid certificate.

-ssl.client-cert-key <filename>
Name of the PEM encoded file with the user private key for client certificate

-ssl.client-cert-crt <filename>
Name of the PEM encoded file with the user certificate for client certificate

-ssl.client-cert-password <text>
Password for the user private key.

-http-bugs.http10 <0>/<1>
(default 0) "1" forces using only HTTP/1.0 protocol. (useful for buggy servers that
claim to be HTTP/1.1 compliant but are not) "0" enables using both HTTP/1.0 and

-http-bugs.allow-blacklist <0>/<1>
(default 1) "1" defaults to using list of servers that have broken HTTP/1.1
support. When links finds such server, it will retry the request with HTTP/1.0.

-http-bugs.bug-302-redirect <0>/<1>
(default 1) Process 302 redirect in a way that is incompatible with RFC1945 and
RFC2068, but the same as Netscape and MSIE. Many pages depend on it.

-http-bugs.bug-post-no-keepalive <0>/<1>
(default 0) No keepalive connection after post requests. For some buggy servers.

-http-bugs.bug-no-accept-charset <0>/<1>
(default 0) Do not send Accept-Charset field of HTTP header. Because it is too long
some servers will deny the request. Other servers will convert content to plain
ascii when Accept-Charset is missing.

-http-bugs.no-compression <0>/<1>
(default 0) "1" causes that links won't advertise HTTP compression support (but it
will still accept compressed data). Use it when you communicate with server that
has broken compression support.

-http-bugs.retry-internal-errors <0>/<1>
(default 0) Retry on internal server errors (50x).

-http.fake-firefox <0>/<1>
(default 0) Fake that the browser is Firefox in the HTTP header.

-http.do-not-track <0>/<1>
(default 0) Send "do not track" request in the HTTP header.

-http.referer <0>/<1>/<2>/<3>/<4>
(default 0) 0 - do not send referer. 1 - send the requested URL as referer. 2 -
send fake referer. 3 - send real referer. 4 - send real referer only to the same

-http.fake-referer <string>
Fake referer value.

-http.fake-user-agent <string>
Fake user agent value.

-http.extra-header <string>
Extra string added to HTTP header.

-ftp.anonymous-password <string>
Password for anonymous ftp access.

-ftp.use-passive <0>/<1>
Use ftp PASV command to bypass firewalls.

-ftp.use-erpt-epsv <0>/<1>
Use EPRT and EPSV commands instead of PORT and PASV.

-ftp.fast <0>/<1>
Send more ftp commands simultaneously. Faster response when browsing ftp
directories, but it is incompatible with RFC and some servers don't like it.

-ftp.set-iptos <0>/<1>
Set IP Type-of-service to high throughput on ftp connections.

-smb.allow-hyperlinks-to-smb <0>/<1>
Allow hyperlinks to SMB protocol. Disabling this improves security, because
internet sites cannot exploit possible bugs in the SMB client.

-menu-font-size <size>
Size of font in menu.

-menu-background-color 0xRRGGBB
Set menu background color in graphics mode. RRGGBB are hex.

-menu-foreground-color 0xRRGGBB
Set menu foreground color in graphics mode. RRGGBB are hex.

-scroll-bar-area-color 0xRRGGBB
Set color of scroll bar area. RRGGBB are hex.

-scroll-bar-bar-color 0xRRGGBB
Set color of scroll bar. RRGGBB are hex.

-scroll-bar-frame-color 0xRRGGBB
Set color of scroll bar frame. RRGGBB are hex.

-bookmarks-file <file>
File to store bookmarks.

-bookmarks-codepage <codepage>
Character set of bookmarks file.

-save-url-history <0>/<1>
Save URL history on exit.

-display-red-gamma <fp-value>
Red gamma of display. (default 2.2)

-display-green-gamma <fp-value>
Green gamma of display. (default 2.2)

-display-blue-gamma <fp-value>
Blue gamma of display. (default 2.2)

-user-gamma <fp-value>
Additional gamma. (default 1)

-bfu-aspect <fp-value>
Display aspect ration.

-dither-letters <0>/<1>
Do letter dithering.

-dither-images <0>/<1>
Do image dithering.

-display-optimize <0>/<1>/<2>
Optimize for CRT (0), LCD RGB (1), LCD BGR (2).

-gamma-correction <0>/<1>/<2>
Type of gamma correction: (default 2) 0 - 8-bit (fast). 1 - 16-bit (slow). 2 -
automatically detect according to speed of FPU.

-overwrite-instead-of-scroll <0>/<1>
Overwrite the screen instead of scrolling it (valid for svgalib and framebuffer).
Overwriting may or may not be faster, depending on hardware.

-html-assume-codepage <codepage>
Use the given codepage when the webpage did not specify its codepage. (default: ISO

-html-hard-assume <0>/<1>
Use always character set from "-html-assume-codepage" no matter what server sent.

-html-tables <0>/<1>
Render tables. (0) causes tables being rendered like in lynx.

-html-frames <0>/<1>
Render frames. (0) causes frames rendered like in lynx.

-html-break-long-lines <0>/<1>
Break long lines in <pre> sections.

-html-images <0>/<1>
Display links to unnamed images as [IMG]

-html-image-names <0>/<1>
Display filename of an image instead of [IMG].

-html-display-images <0>/<1>
Display images in graphics mode.

-html-image-scale <percent>
Scale images in graphics mode.

-html-bare-image-autoscale <0>/<1>
Autoscale images displayed in full screen.

-html-numbered-links <0>/<1>
Number links in text mode. Allow quick link selection by typing link number and

-html-table-order <0>/<1>
In text mode, walk through table by rows (0) or columns (1).

-html-auto-refresh <0>/<1>
Process refresh to other page (1), or display link to that page (0).

-html-target-in-new-window <0>/<1>
Allow opening new windows from html.

-html-margin <number of spaces>
Margin in text mode.

-html-user-font-size <size>
Size of font on pages in graphics mode.

-html-t-text-color <0>-<15>
Text color in text mode.

-html-t-link-color <0>-<15>
Link color in text mode.

-html-t-background-color <0>-<7>
Background color in text mode.

-html-t-ignore-document-color <0>/<1>
Ignore colors specified in html document in text mode.

-html-g-text-color 0xRRGGBB
Text color in graphics mode.

-html-g-link-color 0xRRGGBB
Link color in graphics mode.

-html-g-background-color 0xRRGGBB
Background color in graphics mode.

-html-g-ignore-document-color <0>/<1>
Ignore colors specified in html document in graphics mode.

More options can be seen with links -h


The keys you may use while navigating are

ESC menu/escape

F9 menu

F10 file menu

TAB next frame

PGDN page down

Space page down

PGUP page up

b page up

next link/down

prev link/up

INS scroll up

^P scroll up

DEL scroll down

^N scroll down

[ scroll left

] scroll right

HOME home

END end of page

enter link/press button

ENTER enter link/press button

go back

d download link

/ search in the page

? search back in the page

n find next match

N find next match backwards

f zoom actual frame

^R reload page

g go to URL

G edit the current URL and goto the result

^G edit the current link and goto the result

s bookmark manager

q quit, close window if more windows are open

Q quit without asking

= document information

\ toggle HTML source/rendered view


The following keys can be used while editing a line/jumping to a URL:

move right

move left

HOME jump at the beginning

^A jump at the beginning

END jump at the end

^E jump at the end

^X cut to clipboard (text mode only)

^B copy to clipboard

^INS copy to clipboard

^V paste from clipboard (text mode only)

ENTER enter line

delete back character

^H delete back character

DEL delete character

^D delete character

^U delete from beginning of the line

^K delete to the end of the line

^W auto complete line

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