This is the command xpamb that can be run in the OnWorks free hosting provider using one of our multiple free online workstations such as Ubuntu Online, Fedora Online, Windows online emulator or MAC OS online emulator
xpamb - the XPA Message Bus
The xpamb program can act as a "classical" message bus interface between clients and
servers. A client can send a data request to the message bus, which then interfaces with
multiple servers and returns the data back to the client.
For xpaset, several optional switches are used to save data and manipulate the stored
· \-data [name]
Add the supplied data buffer to a pool of stored data buffers, using the specified
name as a unique identifier for later retrieval. An error occurs if the name already
exists (use either replace or del to rectify this). The \-add switch is supported for
backwards compatibility with xpa 2.0.
· \-replace [name]
Replace previously existing stored data having the same unique name with new data.
This essentially is a combination of the del and data commands.
· \-info ["'info string'"]
When adding a data buffer, you can specify an informational string to be stored with
that data. This string will be returned by xpaget:
xpaget xpamb foo \-info
(along with other information such as the date/time of storage and the size of the
data buffer) if the \-info switch is specified. If the info string contains spaces,
you must enclose it in two sets of quotes:
cat foo | xpaset xpamb \-store foo \-info "'this is info on foo'"
The first set of quotes is removed by the shell while the second is used to delineate
the info string.
· \-send [name]
Broadcast the stored data buffer to the named template.
· \-del [name]
Delete the named data buffer and free all allocated space.
Switches can be used in any combination that makes sense. For example:
cat foo.fits | xpaset xpamb \-store foo \-info "FITS" "DS9:*" fits foo.fits
will broadcast the foo.fits image to all access points of class DS9. In addition, the
foo.fits file will be stored under the name of foo for later manipulation such as:
xpaset \-p xpamb \-send foo "DS9:*" fits foo.fits
will re-broadcast the foo.fits image to all access points of class "DS9".
A "classical" message bus (such as ToolTalk) consists of servers and clients, along with a
mediating program that transfers data between different processes. XPA takes a slightly
different approach in that communication between clients and servers is direct. This
generally is the correct technique when there is only one connection (or even a small
number of connections), but can become inefficient for the serving program if a large
amount of data is being transferred to many clients. For example, if a real-time data
acquisition program is broadcasting a FITS image to several clients, it would need to
transmit that image to each client individually. This might interfere with its own
processing cycles. The preferable mechanism would be to pass the image off to an
intermediate program that can then broadcast the data to the several clients.
The xpamb program can alleviate such problems by functioning as a message bus in cases
where such an intermediary process is wanted. It pre-defines a single access point named
XPAMB - xpamb to which data can be sent for re-broadcast. You also can tell xpamb to save
the data, and associate with that data a new access point, so that it can be retrieved
All interaction with xpamb is performed through xpaset and xpaget (or the corresponding
API routines, XPASet() and XPAGet()) to the XPAMB - xpamb access point. That is, xpamb is
just another XPA-enabled program that responds to requests from clients. The paramlist is
used to specify the targets to which the data will be for re-broadcast, as well as the re-
data | xpaset xpamb [switches] broadcast\-target broadcast\-paramlist
Optional switches are used to store data, and manipulate stored data, and are described
In its simplest form, you can, for example, send a FITS image to xpamb for broadcasting to
all ds9 image simply by executing:
cat foo.fits | xpaset xpamb "DS9:*" fits foo.fits
Since DS9 is the class name for the ds9 image display program, this will result in the
FITS image being re-sent to all fits access points for all active image display programs.
You can send stored data and new data to the same set of access points at the same time.
The stored data always is send first, followed by the new data:
cat foo2.fits | xpaset xpamb \-send foo "DS9:*" fits foo.fits
will first send the foo.fits file, and then the foo2.fits file to all access points of
class DS9. Notice that in this example, the foo2.fits file is not stored, but it could be
stored by using the \-store [name] switch on the command line.
The xpaget command can be used to retrieve a data from XPA access points or from a stored
data buffer, or retrieve information about a stored data buffer. If no arguments are
then information about all currently stored data buffers is returned. This information
includes the data and time at which the data was stored, the size in bytes of the data,
and the supplied info string.
If arguments are specified, they will be in the form:
xpaget xpamb [\-info] [\-data] [name [paramlist]]
If the optional \-info and/or \-data switches are specified, then information and/or data
will be returned for the named data buffer following the switches. You can use either or
both of these switches in a single command. For example, if the \-info switch is used:
xpaget xpamb \-info foo
then the info about that stored data buffer will be returned. If the \-data is used with
a specific name:
xpaget xpamb \-data foo
then the stored data itself will be returned. If both are used:
xpaget xpamb \-info \-data foo
then the info will be returned, followed by the data. Note that it is an error to specify
one of these switches without a data buffer name and that the paramlist will be ignored.
If neither the \-info or \-data switch is specified, then the name refers to an XPA access
point (with an optional paramlist following). For example:
xpaget xpamb ds9 file
is equivalent to:
xpaget ds9 file
Use xpamb online using onworks.net services