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git-pbuilder - Wrapper around cowbuilder/qemubuilder for gbp buildpackage


DIST=distribution ARCH=architecture [BUILDER=(pbuilder|qemubuilder)] \
git-pbuilder debbuild-options

DIST=distribution ARCH=architecture [BUILDER=(pbuilder|qemubuilder)] \
git-pbuilder (update | create | login) cowbuilder-options


git-pbuilder is a wrapper around pdebuild intended for use by gbp buildpackage. It
configures pdebuild to use cowbuilder by default, passes appropriate options to debbuild,
and sets the base path for cowbuilder based on the environment variable DIST and, if set,
the environment variable ARCH. qemubuilder can be selected instead by setting the
environment variable BUILDER to "qemubuilder", and pbuilder can be selected by setting
BUILDER to "pbuilder".

By default, git-pbuilder assumes the target distribution is "sid", the same architecture
as the cowbuilder default, and uses /var/cache/pbuilder/base-sid.cow if it exists. If it
doesn't, /var/cache/pbuilder/base.cow is tried. If DIST is set, its value is the target
distribution and /var/cache/pbuilder/base-dist.cow is used instead. If DIST is "etch" or
"ebo", --debian-etch-workaround is also passed to cowbuilder. If ARCH is set, its value
is the target architecture and /var/cache/pbuilder/base-dist-arch.cow is used, with dist
being set to "sid" if DIST was not set.

If qemubuilder is used as the builder, no base directory is used. Instead, qemubuilder is
invoked with the --config option pointing to the file

If pbuilder is used as the builder, git-pbuilder instead looks for
/var/cache/pbuilder/base-sid.tgz by default and /var/cache/pbuilder/base.tgz if it doesn't
exist. If DIST or ARCH are set, they are used to form the expected name of the tgz file
in the same way as they're used to form the expected base directory for cowbuilder.
Similar to cowbuilder, --debian-etch-workaround is passed to pbuilder if from the DIST
setting it looks like the target distribution is etch.

If git-pbuilder is invoked via a name that starts with "git-*-", the part between the
hyphens is taken to be the default name of the builder to use. However, "pbuilder" is
mapped to cowbuilder for backward compatibility; if you want to use pbuilder, you have to
explicitly set BUILDER. The part after the last hyphen is taken to be the default
distribution (if it contains no additional hyphen) or the default distribution followed by
the default architecture (if it contains a hyphen). One can therefore create symlinks
like "git-pbuilder-squeeze" pointing to git-pbuilder and use that name when wanting to use
a distribution of "squeeze", or "git-qemubuilder-sid-armel" to use qemubuilder to build
for the "armel" architecture and the "sid" distribution. Explicit settings of BUILDER,
DIST, or ARCH always override any guesses from the command name. (But note that gbp
buildpackage does not pass on environment variables when run with --git-pbuilder; see

Any arguments are passed as-is to dpkg-buildpackage via the --debbuildopts option to
pdebuild. To pass arguments to the builder instead, put them in the environment variable

To disable all attempts to discover the base path, tarball, or configuration file and set
up the pbuilder options and instead rely on the settings in .pbuilderrc, set

Normally, one does not run this script directly. Instead, it's used as the builder script
for gbp buildpackage via the --git-pbuilder command-line option. When run this way, you
should use the --git-dist, --git-arch, --git-qemubuilder, --git-pbuilder-autoconf, and
--git-pbuilder-options flags instead of setting the DIST, ARCH, BUILDER,
gbp-buildpackage(1) for more information.

Alternately, git-pbuilder may be called with an argument of "update", "create", or
"login". In this case, it calls cowbuilder (or the configured builder as described above)
using sudo and passes the corresponding command to the builder, using the same logic as
above to determine the base directory and distribution. If the distribution (set in DIST)
ends in "-backports", one of the following will be added as an --othermirror parameter to
the builder:

deb http://ftp.debian.org/debian $DIST main
deb http://backports.debian.org/debian-backports $DIST main

The first will be used for most distributions, and the second for "squeeze-backports" or
"oldstable-backports". If the distribution ends in "-lts", the following will be added as
an --othermirror parameter to the builder:

deb http://ftp.debian.org/debian $DIST main

to support building for Long Term Support releases.

Any additional arguments to git-pbuilder are passed along to the builder. Due to how sudo
works, invoking the builder with an action will not read the user's .pbuilderrc by
default, so in this case git-pbuilder will add an explicit --configfile option pointing to
the user's .pbuilderrc if it exists.

If you use git-pbuilder with one of these arguments, you must have the "sudo" package
installed, and you must configure sudo to let the current user run the appropriate builder


Sets the target architecture. For a cowbuilder builder, this sets both the base path
and is passed as the --architecture option. With qemubuilder, this controls the path
to the configuration file. With pbuilder, this sets the tgz path and is passed as

Sets the builder to use. The only supported settings are "cowbuilder" (the default),
"qemubuilder", and "pbuilder".

Set this environment variable to change the default location for the cowbuilder base
directories (/var/cache/pbuilder).

Sets the target distribution. This is used primarily to determine the base path for
cowbuilder or pbuilder or the configuration file path for qemubuilder, but it's also
used to determine whether to pass --debian-etch-workaround to cowbuilder or pbuilder.

If set to "no", disable the logic that constructs the base path, tarball, or
configuration file and all other logic to determine the options to pass to the
builder. Instead, just run the configured builder and assume its configuration is
handled elsewhere (such as in .pbuilderrc). This also suppresses setting
--buildresult, so the user will need to ensure that the configuration still puts
packages where gbp buildpackage expects them.

Add additional options for the builder. These options are passed as-is to cowbuilder,
qemubuilder, or pbuilder via pdebuild. The contents of this variable will undergo
shell expansion, so any arguments containing shell metacharacters or whitespace need
to be quoted in the value of the environment variable.

Where to put the result of the build. The default is ".." (the parent directory).
This setting is ignored if GIT_PBUILDER_AUTOCONF is set to "no".

Set this environment variable to change the default location for the pbuilder tgz
files (/var/cache/pbuilder) when BUILDER is set to "pbuilder".

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