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15 – Storage Media‌

In previous chapters we’ve looked at manipulating data at the file level. In this chapter, we will consider data at the device level. Linux has amazing capabilities for handling storage devices, whether physical storage, such as hard disks, or network storage, or vir- tual storage devices like RAID (Redundant Array of Independent Disks) and LVM (Logi- cal Volume Manager).

However, since this is not a book about system administration, we will not try to cover this entire topic in depth. What we will try to do is introduce some of the concepts and key commands that are used to manage storage devices.

To carry out the exercises in this chapter, we will use a USB flash drive, a CD-RW disc (for systems equipped with a CD-ROM burner) and a floppy disk (again, if the system is so equipped).

We will look at the following commands:

mount – Mount a file system

umount – Unmount a file system

fsck – Check and repair a file system

fdisk – Partition table manipulator

mkfs – Create a file system

fdformat – Format a floppy disk

dd – Write block oriented data directly to a device

genisoimage (mkisofs) – Create an ISO 9660 image file

wodim (cdrecord) – Write data to optical storage media

md5sum – Calculate an MD5 checksum


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