OnWorks favicon

makeppinfo - Online in the Cloud

Run makeppinfo in OnWorks free hosting provider over Ubuntu Online, Fedora Online, Windows online emulator or MAC OS online emulator

This is the command makeppinfo that can be run in the OnWorks free hosting provider using one of our multiple free online workstations such as Ubuntu Online, Fedora Online, Windows online emulator or MAC OS online emulator



makeppinfo -- What makepp knows about files


?: -?, A: -A,
--arguments-file, D: -d,
--decode-dates, F: -f,
--force, H: -h,
--help, K: -k,
--keys, M: $MAKEPPINFOFLAGS, Q: -q,
--quiet, T: -t,
--traverse, U: -u,
--unremembered, V: -V,

makeppinfo option [file ...]

mppi option [file ...]

Makepp remembers detailed information about the files it scanned and/or built. For the
built files it remembers everything that was relevant, which includes their dependencies.
This information is stored in the .makepp subdirectory along the file it pertains to. It
has the form of key-value pairs. In some cases the value will again be a list of
associated pairs, typically the signature and the file.

If both "ENV_DEPS" and "ENV_VALS" get displayed, they are merged into a two column table.

If both "DEP_SIGS" and "SORTED_DEPS" get displayed, they are merged into a two column
table (in this order which gives a better layout). Each dependency has a "SIGNATURE"
which is only "timestamp,size", used only to check if the file must be rescanned. For
dangling symlinks, instead of the linkee's signature, the link's own signature is
determined in this way, and a 0 prepended to mark this special case. The interesting
information is stored in some other key, for the built in signatures as follows:

· "C_MD5_SUM" for "C" or "c_compilation_md5"

· "MD5_SUM" for "md5"

· "SHARED_OBJECT" for "shared_object"

· "V_MD5_SUM" for "verilog_synthesis_md5"

· "XML_MD5_SUM" for "xml"

· "XML_SPACE_MD5_SUM" for "xml_space"

These signature lists are the most frequent reason for rebuilding a file, so you might
like to check, whether the signature stored for a dependency matches the current
"BUILD_SIGNATURE" of that file. If the signatures and everything else matches, that is
the basis for getting a file from (one of) your repositories or build cache if it is found
there. The details depend on the applicable build check method.

You will encounter two kinds of signatures: simple ones consist of two comma separated
numbers, which are the timestamp in file system format (seconds since 1970) and the size.
For some files makepp will additionally have the relevant smart signature which is a
base64 encoded (letters, digits, slash and plus) MD5 sum of the plain or digested file

This command is partially a makepp debug tool. The list of keys varies depending on which
scanner, build check and signature was used. To fully understand the output, you may need
to look at the source code. That said, there is also some generally interesting
information to be gotten.

Valid options are:

-A filename
Read the file and parse it as possibly quoted whitespace- and/or newline-separated

In the simple signatures prepend the 1st number, the raw date-time, with its human
readable form in parentheses.

Display info even when it is invalid because of inexistent or modified file. In this
case the key "SIGNATURE" is replaced by "invalidated_SIGNATURE" and the value
indicates in parentheses that the file was deleted or what signature the file now has.

Print out a brief summary of the options.

-k list
The list specifies one or more space separated Shell style patterns (with [xyz], ?, *,
{a,bc,def}). Remember to protect these from your Shell by quoting. These are matched
against the keys. Each pattern may be preceded with an exclamation mark ("!") or a
caret ("^") to exclude the matched keys from those selected before instead of adding
them to the selection. If the first pattern starts with an exclamation mark, it
operates on all keys.

--keys='COMMAND CWD' # How was this built and where (relative to file).

If you want only filenames (useful with "-t|--traverse") select an inexistent key like

Don't list file and key names. Repeat to also omit warnings.

Also output the same information for each file in SORTED_DEPS (recursively if

Traverse dependencies of the given files, but instead of showing their info, from all
the involved directories list only those files not remembered for these targets. The
idea here is to help you spot no longer needed files. Somewhat surprisingly this will
include the Makefiles from those directories, because these are mostly not a

Giving this option twice will also go to far away directories which are not output
relatively, like /usr/include.

Print out the version number.


Each build check method documents how to see what they base their decision on. Finding
the paths of the dependencies is the same in all cases, so it is shown here. If you build
to a different directory, finding the path of the inputs requires a translation relative
to CWD. E.g. either short or long form:

makeppinfo --keys='CWD SORTED_DEPS' obj/b.o
mppi -k'CWD SORTED_DEPS' obj/b.o

CWD is the directory relative to file, from where it was built. That directory is the one
from where all relative paths in SORTED_DEPS start. This means that under the same
directory we have inputs src/b.c and src/inc/b.h and an output obj/b.o. From the
viewpoint of b.o, the inputs are ../src/b.c and ../src/inc/b.h. It does not matter that
we gave a relative path for b.o, the information shown would be the same, had we first
changed to obj.

The reason for a rebuild
In some cases makepp may be repeatedly rebuilding a seemingly up to date file. If
"makepplog" does not help here, this command gives you the exact state of affairs:

makeppinfo --traverse somefile
mppi -t somefile

When this reproducibly happens, issue this command before and after, and compare the
outputs. The things that differ are the reason of the rebuild.

Proving Consistency
Sometimes you will change your Makefiles and wonder if they still do the same thing.
Here's a command that tells you exactly how makepp built somefile:

makeppinfo --traverse --traverse --keys='CWD COMMAND' somefile
mppi -ttk'CWD SORTED_DEPS' somefile

This will recursively traverse over all dependencies of somefile and tell you in which
directory it issued which command. By running this after the old and after the new build
and comparing the outputs, you can see what changed.

The same works for testing a new version of makepp, though some older versions would
handle whitespace in command continuation lines differently, and there was a bug in sort
order, which can make the files come out in a different order. If this is the case for
you, let the Shell assemble the sorted arguments:

makeppinfo --keys='CWD COMMAND' `makeppinfo --traverse --traverse --keys=none somefile|tr -d :|sort`
mppi -k'CWD SORTED_DEPS' `mppi -ttknone somefile|tr -d :|sort`


Makeppinfo looks at the following environment variable:

Any flags in this environment variable are interpreted as command line options before
any explicit options. Quotes are interpreted like in makefiles.

Use makeppinfo online using onworks.net services

Free Servers & Workstations

Download Windows & Linux apps

  • 1
    XyZerKunG ServerTool
    XyZerKunG ServerTool
    XyZerKunG ServerTool helps you to make
    your own Minecraft server and play with
    your friend for a few minutes.
    Features:Automatically create a
    Minecraft serverU...
    Download XyZerKunG ServerTool
  • 2
    Java source intended to serve as a
    nexus for teaching both mathematics and
    software solutions for computation on
    iterative equations. Public interfaces
    allow a...
    Download CalcTools
  • 3
    Rocket.Chat Desktop Client
    Rocket.Chat Desktop Client
    Rocket.Chat Desktop client is the
    official desktop app for Rocket.Chat,
    the simple but powerful open source web
    chat platform. It's tested on macOS,
    Download Rocket.Chat Desktop Client
  • 4
    OfficeFloor provides inversion of
    coupling control, with its: - dependency
    injection - continuation injection -
    thread injection For more information
    visit the...
    Download OfficeFloor
  • 5
    DivKit is an open source Server-Driven
    UI (SDUI) framework. It allows you to
    roll out server-sourced updates to
    different app versions. Also, it can be
    used fo...
    Download DivKit
  • 6
    Utility to convert between various
    subscription format. Shadowrocket users
    should use ss, ssr or v2ray as target.
    You can add &remark= to
    Telegram-liked HT...
    Download subconverter
  • More »

Linux commands