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mongosniff - MongoDB


mongosniff provides a low-level operation tracing/sniffing view into database activity in
real time. Think of mongosniff as a MongoDB-specific analogue of tcpdump for TCP/IP
network traffic. Typically, mongosniff is most frequently used in driver development.

Note mongosniff requires libpcap and is only available for Unix-like systems.
Furthermore, the version distributed with the MongoDB binaries is dynamically
linked against aversion 0.9 of libpcap. If your system has a different version of
libpcap, you will need to compile mongosniff yourself or create a symbolic link
pointing to libpcap.so.0.9 to your local version of libpcap. Use an operation that
resembles the following:

ln -s /usr/lib/libpcap.so.1.1.1 /usr/lib/libpcap.so.0.9

Change the path's and name of the shared library as needed.

As an alternative to mongosniff, Wireshark, a popular network sniffing tool is capable of
inspecting and parsing the MongoDB wire protocol.



--help Returns a basic help and usage text.

--forward <host><:port>
Declares a host to forward all parsed requests that the mongosniff intercepts to
another mongod instance and issue those operations on that database instance.

Specify the target host name and port in the <host><:port> format.

To connect to a replica set, you can specify the replica set seed name, and a seed
list of set members, in the following format:


--source <NET [interface]>, <FILE [filename]>, <DIAGLOG [filename]>
Specifies source material to inspect. Use --source NET [interface] to inspect
traffic from a network interface (e.g. eth0 or lo.) Use --source FILE [filename] to
read captured packets in pcap format.

You may use the --source DIAGLOG [filename] option to read the output files
produced by the --diaglog option.

Modifies the behavior to only display invalid BSON objects and nothing else. Use
this option for troubleshooting driver development. This option has some
performance impact on the performance of mongosniff.

<port> Specifies alternate ports to sniff for traffic. By default, mongosniff watches for
MongoDB traffic on port 27017. Append multiple port numbers to the end of
mongosniff to monitor traffic on multiple ports.


Use the following command to connect to a mongod or mongos running on port 27017 and 27018
on the localhost interface:

mongosniff --source NET lo 27017 27018

Use the following command to only log invalid BSON objects for the mongod or mongos
running on the localhost interface and port 27018, for driver development and

mongosniff --objcheck --source NET lo 27018


To build mongosniff yourself, Linux users can use the following procedure:

1. Obtain prerequisites using your operating systems package management software.
Dependencies include:

· libpcap - to capture network packets.

· git - to download the MongoDB source code.

· scons and a C++ compiler - to build mongosniff.

2. Download a copy of the MongoDB source code using git:

git clone git://github.com/mongodb/mongo.git

3. Issue the following sequence of commands to change to the mongo/ directory and build

cd mongo
scons mongosniff

Note If you run scons mongosniff before installing libpcap you must run scons clean
before you can build mongosniff.

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